Presentation on theme: "The Structure of the Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Structure of the Constitution The Constitution and it Parts
2 What is the Constitution A framework for our governmentThe Highest authority in our nationThe basic law of the United StatesA symbol of our Nation
3 The Three main parts The Preamble The Seven Articles The 27 Amendments An introduction that states the goals and purposes of the government.The Seven ArticlesThey describe the structure of the governmentThe 27 AmendmentsAdditions and changes, to the Constitution
5 The PreambleThe opening section of the Constitution, it tells why the Constitution was written.“we the People of the united states, in Order …Do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United states of America”
6 The PreambleThe Middle part of the Preamble states six purposes of the government“To form a more perfect Union” –To unite the states more effectively so they can operate as a single nation for the good of all.
7 The Preamble 2. “To Establish Justice” – To create a system of fair laws and courts and make certain that all citizens are treated equally3. “To insure domestic Tranquility”–to maintain peace and order, keeping citizens and their property safe from harm
8 The Preamble 4. “To provide for the common defense” – to be ready militarily to protect eh country and its citizens from outside attacks5. “To promote the general Welfare”– to help people live healthy, happy and prosperous lives
9 The Preamble6.”To secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity”– to guarantee the freedom and basic rights of all Americans, including future generations.
10 Click HereThe ArticlesThe Seven articles that follow the Preamble explain how the government is to work.
11 Article I (The Legislative Branch) The first article deal with the legislative branchIt states that the Congress will be made of two housesThe house of RepresentativesThe SenateThese two houses will have all lawmaking authorityIt also list specific powers that congress does and does not have.May collect taxes, declare war and coin moneyMay not Tax exports or favor one state over another
12 Article II (The Executive Branch) Provides for an executive branch or law Enforcing branch of governmentConsist of a President and Vice PresidentExplains how the president will be electedDescribes presidential powers and dutiesCommanding the armyDealing with foreign leaders
13 Article III (The Judicial Branch) Establishes a Judicial Branch of government that interprets the laws and sees that they are fairly applied.One Supreme court and lower courts as congress deems appropriateAlso list the powers of the federal courts and describes the kinds of cases they may hear.Cases involving the ConstitutionCases involving federal law
14 Articles IVAll states must respect each other’s laws and court decisionsExplains the process for creating new statesPromises that the federal government will protect and defend the states
15 Article VSpecifies how amendments are to be made
16 Article VI Declares the Constitution to be the supreme law of the land If state laws or court decisions conflict with federal law the federal law shall prevail
17 Article VIIDeclares that the constitution would take effect when nine states had ratified it.
18 Amending the Constitution Since the constitutions was signed in 1787 it has been amended 27 timesThe first 10 amendments where called the bill of rights
19 The Amendment processThere have been thousands of amendments considered over the yearsThe framers made sure the Constitution could not be altered without the overwhelming support of the peopleSo while they new it was necessary they made sure it was not easy
20 The Amendment processThe Amendment process is outlined it Article V of the ConstitutionThere are two ways an amendment can be proposedBY congressional actionRequires 2/3 of the member of both housesBy National Convention request by two-thirds of the statesOnce a national amendment has been proposed ¾ of the states must ratify it.
21 Interpreting the Constitution Although the Constitution has been amended only 27 times, there have been many other changes to it.These changes have taken place through interpretations.One example is the Necessary and Proper Clause
22 Necessary and Proper Clause Article I list the powers of the Congress, in this article, the constitution give congress the powers to make all laws which shall be necessary and propter to carry out its duties.This allows congress to exercise powers that are not specifically listed in the constitutionThese powers are call implied powers.