Presentation on theme: " We ___ ______ of ___ _______ ______, __ order __ ____ a _____ _______ ______, ________ _______, ______ __________ tranquility, _______ for ___ ______."— Presentation transcript:
We ___ ______ of ___ _______ ______, __ order __ ____ a _____ _______ ______, ________ _______, ______ __________ tranquility, _______ for ___ ______ _______, ________ the ________ _______, and ______ the ________ __ _______ __ __________ and ___ _________, do ______ ___ _________ ____ ____________ ___ the ______ ______ of _______.
thepeoplethe UnitedStatesinto formmoreperfectunionestablishjustice insuredomesticprovidethe commondefensepromotegeneralwelfare secureblessingsoftoourselves ourposterityandestablishthis ConstitutionforUnitedStatesAmerica We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
1. Be able to understand the key powers vested within each branch. 2. Be able to explain the difference between Expressed and Enumerated Powers. 3. Be able to explain and understand the importance of the Elastic Clause.
1. Limited Government – Reduce Control 2. Separation of Powers – Divide Control 3. Checks & Balances – Share Control
Article I of the Constitution establishes the legislative (law making) branch of government with the formation of a bicameral Congress. Bicameral : Two Houses
The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. There are 100 senators in the senate. Two from each state There are 435 representatives in the House of Representatives. Based on each state’s population
Representatives are elected for two-year terms. Must be 25 years old A citizen for at least 7 years Resident of the state from which they are elected. Tim Walberg (R) 7 th District Representative
Senators are elected for 6 year terms. 1. They must be 30 years old. 2. They have to be a citizen for at least 9 years 3. A resident of the state from which they are elected. Carl Levin (D) Debbie Stabenow (D) Michigan Senators
The Constitution gives Congress “all legislative powers” in the national government. Expressed Powers : Powers directly stated in the Constitution. Why are Expressed Powers Important? Article I, Section 8, Provides for several Enumerated Powers (because they are number 1-18) 1. Coining money. 2. Maintaining a military. 3. Declaring war on other countries. 4. Regulating interstate and foreign commerce
The Constitution also gives Congress the authority to “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper.” This in known as the Elastic Clause. Gives Congress an implied source of power McCulloch v. Maryland Implied Powers Why is this Important?
Implement : The Executive Branch carries out the solution that was adopted by Congress. The President “ Implements. ” BranchPolicy Function Executive Branch (President) Carries out laws (Implements)
The executive branch of the Government is responsible for enforcing the laws of the land. 1. President 2. Vice President 3. Cabinet Members Advises the President on policy issues and help execute those policies 4. Independent Agencies Help execute policy or provide special services
Evaluate: The Judicial Branch’s job is to apply the rules found in the Constitution and its interpretations to see if what was implemented breaks these rules. The Supreme Court is the evaluator of laws. BranchPolicy Function Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) Evaluate