Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Activity (To Learn The Preamble)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm Up Activity (To Learn The Preamble) We the people of ___ United States, in order to ____ a more perfect union, ________ justice, insure domestic tranquility, _______ for the common defense, ________ the general welfare, and ______ the blessings of liberty to __________ and our posterity, do ______ and establish this Constitution ___ the United States of America.
2 AnswersWe the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
3 Structure and Principles of the United States Constitution
4 Review: How is the Constitution arranged? ObjectivesBe able to understand how the seven Articles of the Constitution are arranged.Be able to list and explain the six major principles of government that are found within the Constitution.Begin to understand the concept of Checks and Balances.Review: How is the Constitution arranged?
6 Branches of Government Governmental power and functions in the United States rest in 3 branches of government:Legislative Branch:Article I of the ConstitutionExecutive Branch:Article II of the ConstitutionJudicial Branch:Article III of the Constitution
7 Six Major Principles of the Constitution Popular SovereigntyFederalismSeparation of PowersChecks and BalancesJudicial ReviewLimited Government
8 Popular Sovereignty People are the source of governments power. Our government is elected by the people; therefore, it has to gain its power from the people.How Do The People Choose?
9 FederalismThe power of government is divided between national and state governments.Some powers are shared.(Concurrent Powers)The National Government has the “Supreme Power.”
10 Separation of PowersEach of the three branches of government has its own set of powersThis way, no branch holds “too much” power.
11 Checks and BalancesEach Branch of government holds some form of power over the other two.Each branch has the power to “check” another. Thus, this “balances” power.Prevents the abuse of power in government
13 Judicial ReviewCourts (at all levels) have the power to declare laws and actions of Congress and the President Unconstitutional.Marbury v. Madison
14 Limited GovernmentGovernment is limited to the power it was given by the Constitution.Certain individual rights cannot be altered or taken away.The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed.How can leaders be removed?