2 The PreambleWe the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
3 The Preamble Tells the Goals of Government “We The People”Based on the authority of the peopleGoals- Remember the Articles of Confederation…To form “A More Perfect Union” – Remember the Articles of Confederation? What was wrong?To “Establish Justice” – There was NO National Court SystemTo “Insure Domestic Tranquility” – peace and order in the country… Shays’s RebellionTo “provide for the common defense” –protecting Americans from foreign invaders… Why???To “promote the general welfare” – an economy and society where people prosperTo “secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our Posterity” – freedom now and in the future
5 AnalysisKnowing what the founders had in mind when they wrote the Constitution, how well do you think the leaders today follow what they had set forth in the Preamble.Use specific examples.
6 Legislative Branch Congress Makes Laws House of Representatives435 MembersRepresentatives serve 2 year termA representative must be 25 years old to be elected and a citizen for 7 yearsCan propose tax lawsCan impeach the president
7 Legislative Branch Congress Makes Laws Senate100 MembersSenators serve 6 year termA Senator must be 30 years old to be elected and a citizen for 9 yearsCan approve presidential appointmentsRatifies treaties with foreign governmentsCan try the president after impeachment
8 Legislative Branch Congress Makes Laws Both Together535 MembersCan propose lawsCan declare warCan override the president’s veto with a 2/3 voteCan propose amendments to the Constitution with 2/3 vote
9 How a Bill Becomes a Law 1. House/Senate introduces bill and sends it to acommittee2. House/Senate committeeapproves the bill6. President signs billinto law or vetoes(needing 2/3 vote byCongress to override)3. House/Senate debates andpasses on its form of the bill4. House and Senate committeescompromise on differencesbetween 2 versions5. House and Senate passrevised bill
10 Executive Branch President, Vice President, Cabinet Enforces Laws The president serves a 4 year termThe president must be at least 35 years old, a 14 year resident, and native bornHas power to approve or veto laws
11 Executive Branch President, Vice President, Cabinet Enforces Laws Makes treaties with foreign governmentsNominates judges to the Supreme CourtAppoints cabinet membersIs Commander-in-Chief of U.S. military forces
12 Judicial Branch Supreme and Federal Courts Interprets Laws Justices of the Supreme Court serve for lifeCan declare laws unconstitutionalCan settle disputes involving the United StatesCan settle disputes between statesChief Justice presides over impeachment trial of the presidentCan review all laws and treaties
13 Checks and Balances Checking the Power of Other Branches “Checks” allow one branch to block the actions of another branch1. Congress can pass laws2. President can check power by vetoing bill before it becomes law3. Congress can check President’s power with 2/3 vote4. Judicial Branch can also check actions of othersBalancing the Power of Other Branches“Balances” allow each branch of the government to have somerole in the actions and power of other branches1. Judges appointed only if President nominates and Senate approves2. President can sign treaties that take effect if Congress approves3. Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional, but President chooses judges and Senate must approve