Presentation on theme: "Emergency Care AT Camp 2013. Components of an EAP EAPs are written documents that define actions of __________________in _______________________ situations."— Presentation transcript:
Components of an EAP EAPs are written documents that define actions of __________________in _______________________ situations. ATs should consult all medical and athletic administration personnel who are involved in the care and administration of athletic events. EAPs should be regularly _________________ to acquaint individuals with their specific tasks and responsibilities.
Types of EAPs Standard injury protocol Weather-related emergency Trauma/medical emergency
Developing an EAP Base actions on sport-specific _________________. Can be duplicated for multiple venues if facilities/locations are similar. After development, EAPs should be reviewed by the organization’s _____________________ and/or administrators before posting and implementing.
EAP Practice and Education Practice to determine feasibility. Revisions can be made to ensure EAP is ______________________. Education –________________________________ Review and practice periodically will all event and medical personnel.
Spinal injury - Signs and Symptoms: –MOI –Tenderness anywhere on spinal column –Pain with extremity movement –Pain when moving an extremity with no apparent injury –Obvious deformity –Loss of sensation –Loss of extremity strength –Unresponsive reflexes –Injury to head or neck –___________________ –Breathing difficulties –Unconsciousness –___________________ –___________________ rigidity Common Neurological Spinal Cord/Nerve Root Injuries
Assessment of Spinal Injury Assess LOC and life-threatening conditions Secondary assessment –Unusual sensations –Observation –Palpation –__________________ –Strength Immobilization and referral
Spinal Care Stabilization, Logrolls, and Lifts Activate EMS Stabilize neck, and check vital signs _____________________________ –Kneel behind supine athlete –Place fingers and thumb along sides of head to stabilize –Move head gently to neutral position –Maintain stabilization throughout spine boarding process
Prone logroll –AT #1 stabilizes head and neck with cross-arm technique –Place spine board adjacent to athlete –Place athlete’s arms at their sides for protective equipment, or place one arm over head and one at side –Additional ATs at shoulders, waist, and lower legs Grab opposite side of athlete –Another AT places spine board into position –AT at head gives command to roll and secure Spinal Care Stabilization, Logrolls, and Lifts (Cont.)
______________________ (Cont.) –Roll athlete _________________ ATs, uniformly –Slide spine board into position when athlete is on side at 45-degree angle –Slowly return athlete to supine position on spine board –If not centered, readjust by sliding on command of AT at head Spinal Care Stabilization, Logrolls, and Lifts (Cont.)
_____________________ –AT at head provides cervical stabilization –Additional ATs along side at shoulders, waist, and lower legs –Another AT on opposite side ready with spine board –On command of AT at head, roll athlete toward ATs while lone AT places board at 45-degree angle underneath athlete –On command, lower athlete onto spine board Spinal Care Stabilization, Logrolls, and Lifts (Cont.)
Person lift –AT #1 stabilizes head. –Additional ATs on either side of athlete at shoulder, waist, and lower legs Slide hands underneath athlete –AT #1 commands to lift athlete –Lift approximately 6 inches in smooth motion –Additional AT slides spine board from feet to head –Lower athlete on command of AT #1 Spinal Care Stabilization, Logrolls, and Lifts (Cont.)
Once on spine board –Apply cervical collar Use cervical vacuum splint with protective equipment –Secure athlete to spine board –Fill gaps –Reassess vital signs Spinal Care Stabilization, Logrolls, and Lifts (Cont.)