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Lifting and Moving Patients CHAPTER 6. Body Mechanics Lifting.

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Presentation on theme: "Lifting and Moving Patients CHAPTER 6. Body Mechanics Lifting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lifting and Moving Patients CHAPTER 6

2 Body Mechanics Lifting

3 Body mechanics: The principles of effective movement used in lifting and moving patients. Use of proper body mechanics reduces the EMS provider’s chances of being injured.

4 Use your legs, NOT your back!

5 Proper Lifting  Use a minimum of two people  Call for additional help if necessary  Use an even number of people to maintain balance  Know the weight limitations of equipment  If the lifting situation is unsafe, don’t move the patient  Keep weight as close to body as possible

6 Improper Lifting -- Back Bent

7 Improper Lifting -- Torso Twisted

8 Proper Lifting Technique Squat lift (or power-lift).

9 Lifting a Stretcher Squat, bending at the knees.

10 Lifting a Stretcher continued Use the power grip.

11 Lifting a Stretcher continued Stand up while locking your back.

12 CarryingCarrying

13 Proper position for two persons carrying a stretcher.

14 One-handed technique with multiple rescuers.

15 Moving a patient with a stair chair.

16 Procedures on Stairs  Carry patients head-first up stairs  Carry patients feet-first down stairs  Use a stair chair or sturdy kitchen chair  Keep back in locked position  Flex at hips, not waist  Keep weight and arms as close to your body as possible

17 Take special care when moving patients up or down stairs.

18 ReachingReaching

19 Proper Reaching  Keep back straight while leaning over patient  Lean from the hips  Use shoulder muscles to help  Avoid twisting while reaching  Avoid hyper-extended position when reaching overhead

20 Log Roll

21 Log Roll continued



24 Pushing and Pulling

25 Whenever possible, PUSH rather than pull a patient into position.

26 Principles of Moving Patients Emergency Moves

27 Emergency Move Considerations  Fire or danger of fire  Explosives or hazardous materials  Inability to protect patient from hazards  Inability to access other patients requiring life-saving care  Other situations that have the potential for causing injury  Inability to provide life-saving care due to patient location or position

28 Always suspect a spinal injury when moving a trauma patient......especially if the mechanism suggests it!

29 Clothing Pull Technique

30 Blanket Drag Technique

31 Pulling the patient under the arms.

32 Patients must be moved rapidly in the event of a hazardous situation.

33 Urgent Moves

34 Urgent Move Considerations  Unresponsive or incoherent patient  Inadequate breathing  Signs and symptoms of severe shock

35 Rapid Extrication Patient’s head is brought into a neutral in-line position.

36 Rapid Extrication continued C-collar is placed after manual stabilization established.

37 Rapid Extrication continued Patient’s legs are freed and then rotated onto backboard.

38 Rapid Extrication continued After rotation, patient is lowered onto the backboard.

39 Rapid Extrication continued Head is immobilized before moving the patient further.

40 Rapid Extrication continued Patient is slid in short increments until in position.

41 Nonurgent Moves

42 Direct Ground Lift

43 Direct Ground Lift continued


45 Extremity Lift

46 Extremity Lift continued

47 Stretcher-to-Bed Transfer (Direct Carry)

48 Stretcher-to-Bed Transfer continued (Direct Carry)

49 Stretcher-to-Bed Transfer continued (Direct Carry)

50 Stretcher-to-Bed Transfer (Draw Sheet Method)

51 EquipmentEquipment Stretchers and Cots

52 Wheeled Stretcher

53 Portable Stretcher

54 Scoop Stretcher

55 Flexible Stretcher

56 Basket Stretcher

57 Stair Chair

58 Long Backboard

59 Short Boards

60 Patient Positioning

61 Recovery Position

62 Patients with signs and symptoms of hypoperfusion should be placed in the shock position.

63 Shock Position

64 Left Lateral Recumbent Position

65 Pediatric Safety Seat

66 Pediatric Safety Seat continued

67 SUMMARY Body Mechanics Body Mechanics Principles of Moving Patients Principles of Moving Patients Equipment Equipment

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