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1 Neurological and Cervical Spine Injuries Pakistan ICITAP.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Neurological and Cervical Spine Injuries Pakistan ICITAP."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Neurological and Cervical Spine Injuries Pakistan ICITAP

2 2 Learning Objectives Know the different types of spinal injuries Know the signs and symptoms of spinal injuries Know how to treat a suspected spinal injury Be familiar with signs and symptoms of head injuries

3 3 Introduction As Police Officers, you will be exposed to neurological and cervical spine injuries resulting from accidents, combat and blast injuries The victims of these injuries must be treated at a medical facility as soon as possible A knowledge of first aid can often mean the difference between life and death

4 4 Types of Spinal Injuries Compression Distraction (pulling apart) Lateral bending Flexion, rotation, extension

5 5 Spinal Injury Signs and Symptoms: Pain and tenderness Deformity of spine upon palpation Numbness, weakness, or tingling in extremities

6 6 Spinal Injury Signs and Symptoms:  Pain upon movement (Never move or allow a patient to move in order to elicit a pain response)  Loss of sensation or paralysis below level of injury

7 7 Spinal Injury Signs and Symptoms: Impaired breathing  “C-3, -4, -5 keep the diaphragm alive”

8 8 Spinal Injury Complications of spinal injury:  May cause paralysis  May affect respiratory effort

9 9 9 Normal SpineInjured spine

10 10 Spinal Injury Initial Assessment: Instruct the patient not to move Stabilize cervical spine during initial assessment Evaluate mechanism of injury

11 11 Spinal Injury Questions to ask: What happened? Where does it hurt? Does your neck or back hurt? Can you move your hands and feet? Can you feel me touching your fingers and/or toes?

12 12 Spinal Injury Maintain in-line stabilization Care for airway with in-line stabilization when possible

13 13 Spinal Injuries Emergency Care Steps Assess pulse, movement, and sensation in extremities Assess the neck and spine

14 14 Spinal Injury Emergency Care Steps Apply properly sized cervical spine immobilization device Apply and secure patient to appropriate immobilization device

15 15 Kneel at patient’s head Cervical Collar Application الركالرك

16 16 Stabilize the head and neck Cervical Collar Application

17 17 Maintain stabilization Cervical Collar Application

18 18 Slide back of collar under patient’s neck Cervical Collar Application

19 19 Secure collar Cervical Collar Application

20 20 Maintain manual stabilization Cervical Collar Application

21 21 Long Spine Boards  Stabilize head, neck, torso, pelvis, and extremities  May be applied in:  Lying, standing, and sitting positions

22 22 Maintain stabilization, apply collar Long Spine Boards

23 23 Prepare and position device Long Spine Boards

24 24 Move patient onto board and apply padding to voids Long Spine Boards

25 25 Secure the body Then secure the head Long Spine Boards

26 26 Reassess Pulse, Movement, Sense Long Spine Boards

27 27 Rapid Extrication Indications: Unsafe scene – under hostile fire Unstable patient condition

28 28 Questions?

29 29 Class Practical Exercise Practice some of the skills shared in this presentation

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