Level 1 (Week 1) Review of all three sections of GMAT Discussions & Strategies 7 Class (7 hours) Examples First Week Text Book: Verbal Workout by GMAT by Princeton Text: Cracking the GMAT by Princeton
GMAT English It’s own logic Different from what you hear and speak sometimes Remember it’s not English it’s GMAT English So Learn GMAT English!
Good things about the Exam GMAT board sticks to basics No controversy allowed If you try to understand the rules things are easy
How to crack it Diplomatic language Limitation of the exam makers Order difficulty Process of Elimination Use of Scratch paper
Elimination 1/5 Choices are no change If you can’t sell a lemon, replace it Almost right Three down, two to go
How to attack the critical reasoning question Use clues in the question to anticipate the kind of answer you're looking in a passage Analyze and attach the passages in an organized fashion Understand basic structure of passages Use process of elimination
GMAT logic CR are in the form of arguments It has three parts: Conclusion Premise / Evident Assumption Important triggers / counter evidence words
This is not like RCs Concise Single words can change meaning
Understanding Scope This answer goes too far This choice is out of scope of the argument ETS rewards narrow mind Example of scope
Deciding on the scope Best choice E D is doing too much B goes far and so does C A is tentative
Eight Questions types 1. Passage assumes that… 2. Strengthen the conclusion 3. Weaken the conclusion 4. Best inferred 5. Resembles the methodology used by author / Parallel reasoning 6. Resolves the apparent contradiction 7. Bolded phrase plays which of the roles 8. Most useful in evaluating a logic
Assumption Question Casual assumption Ever time I wear green, people like me. Therefore, it is my green suit that makes people like me. Analogy assumption Studies indicate that use of this product causes cancer in laboratory animals. Therefore, you should stop using this product. Statistical assumption (unrepresentative) Four out of five doctors agree: The pain reliever in Sintol is the most effective analgesic on the market. You should try Sintol. Assumption is the presupposition Argument relies on the assumption As with yourself, is there another cause?
Strengthen the argument Filling the gap If something comes out of passage directly it might not be the best It may talk about more cause, improve statistics, improve analogy Which of following, if true, most strongly support the author's hypotheses?
Answer Conclusion: All volunteered army should not be implemented Analogy case: the idea didn’t work then, so it wont work now Best answer is C We need an answer that supports and removes the flaws and give a reason and new information
Weaken the argument In a way it implies that argument can be weakened As always we need to find unstated premise and a logic gap Which of following, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion drawn in the passage? Which of the following indicates a flaw in the reasoning above? Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the argument above?
Best answer is A B this statement doesn’t point out a flaw in the reasoning of the passage C also doesn’t point a flaw D is also not good (term profitability) E doesn’t effect the reasoning
Answer A (hold) B (best and correct) C D E (nitpicking)
Inference questions Which must be true on the basis of statement Best support by the statement It should be the heart and soul
A infers too much, goes out of scope B goes too far C (Right answer); passage says that audience projects its own character on the screen. If audience believe that woman’s face reflect happiness, then that must have been their own reaction D goes beyond scope E also goes out of scope
Conclusion We need to find something which goes in accord with premise and conclusion. A ignores the premise (eliminate) B also goes out of scope C though this is right but goes out of premise D this goes too far; as well as ignores last premise E (is the best answer)
Parallel the reasoning We need to find parallel reasoning Supports the conclusion is the very same manner Most similar to argument in its logical structure “If A, then B” is the way of deduction
Mimic the reasoning If A then B, if not A the not B. A is a trap, as it is trying to talk about sprinter; whereas we need to focus on logic Best answer is B C, the reasoning here is totally different D, this is: if A then B; if always A then always B E, different reasoning
Resolve the paradox Its about explaining a discrepancy We will have 2 seemingly contradictory fact; we need to find answer that allows both facts to be true
Look for some reasons that resolves the dilemma A does not explain both facts (eliminate) B, loss of revenue couldn’t have happened C, no bearing with argument Ans is D; this is best, but we need to read all options E, non relevant
Evaluate the argument Evaluate or asses the argument The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the significance of the author’s claim These questions are quite good as they check a lot of things, example knowledge about business terms like inventory, warehouse, markets etc. Hence these questions are really the GMAT questions!
A, its about companies claim and its relation with the inventory. Its not about the length but in reality about the inventory Best answer is B C, It helps us to calculate the extend of upturn, but doesn’t solves our problem D, this doesn’t explain the reason for upturn, eliminate E, goes out of scope
Identify the reasoning Indentify a method, technique, or strategy used in the passage Role of bolded phrase Which part is played by the bolded phrase
A, first part is the conclusion, so they are not contradicting B, 2 nd is supporting not undermining C, premise is the evidence. 2 nd is not conclusion rather it is support. D, 2 nd bolded phrase doesn’t refute Best answer is E
Text Books for the Course GMAT Books by Princeton (General and Verbal Specific) GMAT Manhattan GMAT Kaplan GMAT Verbal Official Review Conquering GMAT Verbal by McGraw Hills GMAT Critical Reasoning bible
Conclusion 30 Days 30 hours online live class More questions might be done in the month of July
Links to other Presentation Class 0 on Introduction to the course Class 1 on SC Class 2 on CR Class 3 on SC