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(June 2011 Session; repeat possible in July also) By: Satyadhar Joshi GMAT Verbal Covering: Sentence Correction

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Presentation on theme: "(June 2011 Session; repeat possible in July also) By: Satyadhar Joshi GMAT Verbal Covering: Sentence Correction"— Presentation transcript:

1 (June 2011 Session; repeat possible in July also) By: Satyadhar Joshi GMAT Verbal Covering: Sentence Correction

2 Good things about the GMAT Sentence Correction GMAT board sticks to basics No controversy allowed, so answers are distinct If you try to understand the rules of the games then things are easy for you (go for reasons and logics) You will make clear and effective sentence after GMAT prep You will not make awkward, unnecessary, and unclear sentence and will know how to repair them Also understand the meaning between correct and best!

3 GMAT Verbal Classes (40 hours online Course) Introduction Importance of Grammar & Punctuation Critical Reasoning & Sentence Correction Reading comprehension Strategies Stage1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Mock Exams for the GMAT More…

4 Level 1 (Week 1) Review of all three sections of GMAT Discussions & Strategies 7 Class (7 hours) Examples First Week Text Book: Verbal Workout by GMAT by Princeton Text: Cracking the GMAT by Princeton

5 GMAT English It’s own logic Different from what you hear and speak sometimes Remember it’s not English it’s GMAT English So Learn GMAT English!

6 How to crack it Order difficulty Process of Elimination Use of Scratch paper

7 Elimination 1/5 Choices are no change If you can’t sell a lemon, replace it Almost right Three down, two to go

8 Registered brokerage firms have been required to record the details of all computerized program trades made in the past year so that government agencies will be able to decide whether they should be banned. Will be able to decide whether they should be banned Should be able to decide whether they should be banned Should be able to decide whether they can be banned Will be able to decide whether program trades should be able to be banned Will be able to decide whether program trades should be banned (best)

9 Basic Terminology A noun is a word that’s used to name a person, place or thing A verb is a word that expresses action Sue opened the box An adjective is a word that modifies a noun An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb A preposition is a word that notes the relations of a noun to an action or a thing A phrase is group of words acting as a single part of speech Sue opened the big box of choclates

10 Pronoun Error While Brussels has smashed all Western European tourism revenue records this year, they still lag well behind in exports. This year, they still lag well behind in exports In this past year, they still lag well behind in exports In the last year, it lags still well behind in exports This year, they lags well behind in the exports This year, it still lags well behind in exports

11 Pronoun Error While Brussels has smashed all Western European tourism revenue records this year, they still lag well behind in exports. This year, they still lag well behind in exports In this past year, they still lag well behind in exports In the last year, it lags still well behind in exports This year, they lags well behind in the exports This year, it still lags well behind in exports

12 Misplaced Modifiers Coming out of the department, John’s wallet was stolen Coming out Wallet coming out? Who is modifying what?

13 Written in 2962, Joseph scored a literary hit which his comedic first novel, Catch-22 Written in 1961, Joseph scored a literary hit with his comedic first novel, Catch-22 Written in 1961, Joseph scored a literary hit with Catch22, his comedic first novel Written in 1961, Catch-22, the comedic first novel by Joseph, was a literary hit Catch-22, which was written in 1961 by Joseph, scored a literary hit with his first comedic novel Catch-22, the comedic first novel, scored a literary hit for Joseph by its being written in 1961

14 Written in1961, Joseph scored a literary hit which his comedic first novel, Catch-22 Written in 1961, Joseph scored a literary hit with his comedic first novel, Catch-22 Written in 1961, Joseph scored a literary hit with Catch22, his comedic first novel Written in 1961, Catch-22, the comedic first novel by Joseph, was a literary hit (right answer) Catch-22, which was written in 1961 by Joseph, scored a literary hit with his first comedic novel (awkward) Catch-22, the comedic first novel, scored a literary hit for Joseph by its being written in 1961 (awkward)

15 Parallel Construction See the comma and the things it talks about All list, or all actions, must satisfy the same tone All should be in same form

16 In a recent survey, the Gallup poll discovered that the average American speaks 1.3 languages, buys a new car every 5.2 years, drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgot to pay at least one bill per quarter Drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgot to pay at least one bill one quarter Drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgets to pay at least one bill per quarter Can drink 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every quarter and forgot to pay at least one bill per quarter Drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgets at least to pay one bill per quarter Drank 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgets to pay at least one bill per quarter

17 In a recent survey, the Gallup poll discovered that the average American speaks 1.3 languages, buys a new car every 5.2 years, drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgot to pay at least one bill per quarter Drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgot to pay at least one bill one quarter Drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgets to pay at least one bill per quarter (right) Can drink 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every quarter, and forgot to pay at least one bill per quarter Drinks 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgets at least to pay one bill per quarter Drank 14 gallons of alcoholic beverages every year, and forgets to pay at least one bill per quarter

18 Tense Present Simple past Present perfect Past perfect Future How to spot tense errors

19 Example When he was younger he walked three miles every day and had has lifted weights too. Had lifted (the present perfect tense) When he was younger he walked three miles every day and lifted weight too.

20 Tenses on GMAT

21 A doctor at the Amsterdam Clinic maintains that if children eat a diet high in Vitamins and took vitamin supplements, they will be less likely to catch the common cold Took vitamin supplements, they will be less likely to catch Took vitamins supplements, they are less likely to catch Take vitamin supplements, they were less likely of catching Take vitamin supplements, they will be less likely of catching Take vitamin supplements, they are less likely to catch

22 A doctor at the Amsterdam Clinic maintains that if children eat a diet high in Vitamins and took vitamin supplements, they will be less likely to catch the common cold Took vitamin supplements, they will be less likely to catch Took vitamins supplements, they are less likely to catch Take vitamin supplements, they were less likely of catching Take vitamin supplements, they will be less likely of catching Take vitamin supplements, they are less likely to catch

23 Subject Verb Agreements

24 Many political insiders now believe that the dissension in congress over heath issues decrease the to combat the rising cost of health care likelihood for significant action being taken this year Decrease the likelihood for significant action being Decrease the likelihood that significant action will be Decrease the likelihood of significant action to be Decrease the likelihood for significant action being Decrease the likelihood that significant action will be Dissension= disagreement

25 Many political insiders now believe that the dissension in congress over heath issues decrease the to combat the rising cost of health care likelihood for significant action being taken this year Decrease the likelihood for significant action being Decrease the likelihood that significant action will be Decrease the likelihood of significant action to be Decrease the likelihood for(un idiomatic) significant action being Decrease the likelihood that significant action will be Subject: dissension(singular) Verb: decreases(singular)

26 Idioms

27 The administration of a small daily dose of aspirin has not only been shown to lower the risk of heart attack, and it has also been shown to help relieve the suffering of arthritis And it has also been shown to help And it has also been shown helpful to But it has also been shown to help But it has been shown helpful in addition for In addition it has also been showing helping

28 The administration of a small daily dose of aspirin has not only been shown to lower the risk of heart attack, and it has also been shown to help relieve the suffering of arthritis And it has also been shown to help And it has also been shown helpful to But it has also been shown to help But it has been shown helpful in addition for (awkward) In addition it has also been showing helping

29 Apples and Oranges The people in my office is smarter than other offices (wrong). Correct: The people in my office are smarter than the people in the other offices. Synthetic oil burns less efficiently than natural oils Synthetic oil burns less efficiently than natural oils burns (correct) Synthetic oil burns less efficiently than do natural oils (ETS)

30 Doctors sometimes have difficulty diagnosing viral pneumonia because the early symptoms of this potentially deadly illness are often quite similar to the common cold Are often quite similar to the common cold Often resemble that of common cold Are often quite similar to those of the common cold Are often similar to the common cold’s symptom Quite often are, like the common cold, similar

31 Doctors sometimes have difficulty diagnosing viral pneumonia because the early symptoms of this potentially deadly illness are often quite similar to the common cold Are often quite similar to the common cold Often resemble that of common cold Are often quite similar to those of the common cold Are often similar to the common cold’s symptom (symptoms) Quite often are, like the common cold, similar Compare symptom vs symptom

32 Quantity words

33 Of the many decisions facing the energy commission as it meets to decide on new directions for the next century, the question of the future of nuclear energy is for certain the more perplexing. is for certain the more perplexing. is for certain he most perplexing It seems certain, is the most perplexed Is certainly the more perplexing It seems certain, is perplexing most

34 Of the many decisions facing the energy commission as it meets to decide on new directions for the next century, the question of the future of nuclear energy is for certain the more perplexing. is for certain the more perplexing. is for certain he most perplexing It seems certain, is the most perplexed Is certainly the more perplexing It seems certain, is perplexing most (awkward)

35 The foresight that was evident in the court’s selection of an independent trustee to oversee the provisions of the agreement will probably go unremarked by the press that was evident in the court’s selection of an independent trustee That was evident by the court’s selection of an independent trustee Evidenced with the court’s selection of an independent trustee Evidenced of the court’s selection of an independent trustee That was evident of the court’s selection of an independent trustee

36 The foresight that was evident in the court’s selection of an independent trustee to oversee the provisions of the agreement will probably go unremarked by the press that was evident in the court’s selection of an independent trustee That was evident by the court’s selection of an independent trustee Evidenced with the court’s selection of an independent trustee Evidenced of the court’s selection of an independent trustee That was evident of the court’s selection of an independent trustee

37 Check list for errors Pronoun? Modifying? Series of things? Tense? Comparison with similar vs then? Other idiomatic? Any other things to check

38 Text Books for the Course GMAT Books by Princeton (General and Verbal Specific) GMAT Manhattan Sentence Correction GMAT Kaplan GMAT Verbal Official Review Conquering GMAT Verbal by McGraw Hills

39 Conclusion 30 Days 30 hours online live class More questions might be done in the month of July

40 Links to other Presentation Class 0 on Introduction to the course Class 1 on SC Class 2 on CR Class 3 on SC

41 For More see


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