Presentation on theme: "■Essential Question: –How did American foreign policy change from 1898-1919? –What role did the USA play in World War I? ■Warm-Up Question: –How many of."— Presentation transcript:
■Essential Question: –How did American foreign policy change from 1898-1919? –What role did the USA play in World War I? ■Warm-Up Question: –How many of Wilson’s 14 Points made it into the Treaty of Versailles? Which ones?
The Treaty of Versailles, 1919 ■All the major European powers signed the Treaty of Versailles & joined the League of Nations ■But, the Senate was divided about what joining the League would mean for the future of the United States
Read “U.S. Rejection of the Treaty of Versailles”
The Debate over the League of Nations ■ 2 / 3 of the Senate was needed to ratify external the treaty & join the League: –Internationalists –Internationalists supported Wilson & saw the League was a way to guarantee world peace in the future –Strong reservationists Article 10 –Strong reservationists led by Henry Cabot Lodge wanted major changes to Article 10 –Irreconcilables –Irreconcilables led by William Borah wanted isolationism & refused join the League under any circumstances all the Council Article 10 of the League Covenant: The Members of the League undertake to respect & preserve as against aggression the territorial integrity and existing political independence of all Members of the League. In case of any such aggression or in case of any threat or danger of such aggression the Council shall advise upon the means by which this obligation shall be fulfilled.
Rejection in the Senate ■Reservationists & Irreconcilables attacked the treaty & League: –Wilson did not want to weaken the League of Nations & refused to compromise with the Senate –Wilson toured the U.S. to gain public support for the treaty, but had a stroke during the tour ■In 1920, the Senate voted against the treaty & U.S. membership in the League of Nations
The U.S. never joined the League & signed its own peace treaty with Germany in 1921 Members of the League of Nations (in black)
Conclusions ■The impact of the Great War: –The U.S. began the 20 th century as an imperial power & reluctantly entered WWI to protect free trade –Involvement in WWI led to changes for women & blacks, an economic boom, & the restriction of liberties –The U.S. played a major role in the peace process, but refusal to join the League weakened the ability of world leaders to stop World War II
Unit 9 Review: Foreign Policy & WWI ■ Groups compete against each other: – Teams will be presented a prompt & asked to provide as many correct answers as possible within 1 minute – Groups earn 1 point per correct answer – If any part of the response is incorrect, teams receive no points for that round – The winning group earns 105, others earn 100, 95, 90, 85…
Prompt—Answer these Qs 1.Why did the USA fight in the Spanish American War? 2.What 3 countries did the USA annex after the Spanish-American War in 1898? 3.What caused the Philippine insurrection in 1899? 4.How did the USA gain the rights to build the Panama Canal?
Answers 1.Yellow journalism, to help Cuba, the USS Maine blew up 2.Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines 3.We liberated the Philippines from Spanish rule but did not give them independence like we did in Cuba 4.Encouraged Panamanians to rebel from Colombia
Prompt: Find the vocab term 1.The USA should imperialize weak countries in order to improve them (democracy, technology, etc.) 2.The USA is the police power of the Western Hemisphere 3.Teddy Roosevelt’s foreign policy approach of using military intervention to accomplish goals
Vocabulary Terms 1.“Social Darwinism” or “White Man’s Burden” 2.Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine 3.“Big Stick” diplomacy
Prompt: Answer these Qs 1.Name 3 causes of World War I 2.Name 3 Allied Powers 3.Name 3 Central Powers
Answers 1.Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism, Assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand 2.Britain, France, Russia, Serbia, Japan, Australia, United States, etc. 3.Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire
Prompt: Find the vocab term 1.When a country commits all its resources into winning the war 2.The use of German “u-boats” to stop countries from trading with their enemy, the Allies 3.The intercepted message from Germany to Mexico, requesting that Mexico attack the USA 4.To get ready for war by drafting soldiers, building equipment, etc.
Prompt: Find the vocab term 1.U.S. gov’t agency created to oversee the production of military supplies 2.U.S. law passed that drafted men 3.Name of the “separate U.S. military” that was created to fight in WWI 4.U.S. gov’t agency created to create propaganda & sell war bonds
Vocabulary Terms 1.War Industries Board (WIB) 2.Selective Service Act 3.American Expeditionary Force (AEF) 4.Committee on Public Information (CPI)
Prompt: Answer these Qs 1.Name 3 ways women were impacted by World War I 2.Name 3 ways African Americans were impacted by World War I 3.Name 3 ways the U.S. economy was impacted by World War I
Answers 1.Worked in factories, joined Army, Red Cross, planted Victory Gardens, supported Bond Drives, gained vote 2.Great Migration into North, drafted, segregated units, only 10% fought, race riots in North 3.USA was richest country in world, no longer needed loans but gave loans, increased pay for Americans, led to consumerism in 1920s, helped pay for rebuilding Europe after war
Prompt: Find the vocab term 1.Socialist group led by Lenin who overthrew Russian gov’t in 1917 2.Fear of socialism in the USA 3.Socialist leader in the United States 4.Law passed by Congress that restricted freedom of speech & criticisms of the gov’t during WWI
Prompt: Answer these Qs 1.Name 3 of Wilson’s Fourteen Points 2.Name 3 provisions of the Treaty of Versailles 3.Why did the “strong reservationists” disapprove of the Treaty of Versailles? 4.What is the difference between an “internationalist” & “irreconcilable”?
Answers 1.Freedom of the seas, no secret treaties, end to imperialism & militarism, redraw map of Europe, & a League of Nations 2.Created a League of Nations; German reparations, loss of territory & army, & acceptance of war guilt; Divided weak empires & made new nations 3.They did not want to join the League of Nations & get pulled into wars 4.Intn’lists supported League & America’s role as a world power; Irreconcilables supported neutrality & isolationism
Prompt: Answer these Qs 1.Name 3 examples showing that America's role in the world changed by the 20 th century 2.Name 3 factors that pulled the USA into World War I 3.Name 2 successes & 2 failures of Wilson's Fourteen Points in terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
Answers 1.Influence in Latin America (Big Stick, Panama Canal, Roosevelt Corollary) & Asia (Open Door Policy); Imperialism (Hawaii, Spanish-Am War, etc); Rejected neutrality (fought in WWI & 14 Points) 2.Submarine (freedom of the seas), Zimmerman Note, Money from loans & arms sales, British propaganda, “Make the World Safe for Democracy” 3.Success: League, New Nations Failure: No end to alliances, imperialism, militarism; No free trade; Germany punished (No peace w/out victory)