Presentation on theme: "UNIT 6: IMPERIALISM & WORLD WAR I (1890 – 1918) A Troubling Treaty!"— Presentation transcript:
UNIT 6: IMPERIALISM & WORLD WAR I (1890 – 1918) A Troubling Treaty!
Beginning Review – Home Front 1. What agency did future president Herbert Hoover head during WW I? a. War Industries Board b. Food Administration c. Committee on Public Information 2. How did the Treasury Department support the war effort? a. Printed more money b. Reduced taxes c. Sold liberty bonds 3. What freedom did the Espionage Act and Sedition Amendment restrict to keep Americans loyal? a. Pressb. Religionc. Speech 4. During the Great Migration, many African Americans moved from the _________ to the _________ in search of a better way of life. a. South; North b. North; South c. East; West
Daily Learning Targets I can analyze the impact of World War I on the United States and the world. I can identify the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles and evaluate its impact on Germany and the world. A Troubling Treaty
Wilson Proposes Peace Without Victory Bolshevik leader V.I. Lenin (the father of Russian communism), exposed the secret treaties both sides had entered into prior to the war. He called the war “an imperialistic land grab.” President Woodrow Wilson affirmed that the U.S. had nothing to do with the 4 MAIN Causes of the war and outlined a plan for “Peace Without Victory.”
Wilson’s Fourteen Points for Peace Wilson outlined a plan in Jan. 1918 for a peace inspired by noble ideals, not greed and vengeance. Points 1 – 5 addressed ending imperialism (colonies), freedom of the seas, open treaties (no secret alliances), free trade, and the reduction of armies and navies. Addressed the M-A-I-N Causes of the war! Points 6 – 13 addressed setting national boundaries to what they had been prior to the war and basing them on ethnic and national group preferences.
The League of Nations Point 14 – called for a League of Nations The league would be a world-wide association of nations dedicated to keeping world peace and protecting the right of self determination among nations by letting them choose the government they live under.
The Treaty of Versailles Wilson crossed the Atlantic and went to Paris to sell his Fourteen Points to the Allies’ Big Four (Great Britain, France, Italy, and the U.S.) Henry Cabot Lodge, a Republican Massachusetts Senator and U.S. foreign policy expert was not invited to go. Lodge was incensed at the snub as he knew Wilson hated him. The feud will have a huge impact on politics at home and in Europe.
The Allies Reject the Treaty The Allies wanted to punish Germany for the war by forcing it to accept Article 231, or the “war guilt” clause. In short, Germany was treated like a B-R-A-T. B=Blame for War R = Reparations or $$$ A = Arms Reductions T = Territory Lost This violated the spirit of forgiveness in the 14 Points, but they agreed to accept the League of Nations and Wilson compromised.
The Senate Rejects the Versailles Treaty While Wilson was in Europe, the Republicans gained control of the Senate. Irreconcilables – isolationists who wanted no part of the League of Nations Reservationists – Led by Senator Lodge, wanted to make changes to the treaty President Wilson’s Democrats and the Republicans would not compromise and the treaty was voted down 3 times, the last time by only 7 votes! The U.S. made a separate peace treaty with Germany in 1924.
Exit Slip: The Fourteen Points 1. Who was the U.S. President during the war? 2. Wilson’s 14 Points called for the creation of an international peace-keeping organization called the _____________. 3. Where was the peace conference held? 4. Who led the opposition to the Fourteen Points in the U.S. Congress?