Presentation on theme: "Giving advice with modal verbs. Author :Stepanova Anna Author :Stepanova Anna Teacher: Kolchenko Elena Ivanovna Teacher: Kolchenko Elena Ivanovna Novoanninskaya."— Presentation transcript:
Giving advice with modal verbs. Author :Stepanova Anna Author :Stepanova Anna Teacher: Kolchenko Elena Ivanovna Teacher: Kolchenko Elena Ivanovna Novoanninskaya Gymnasium Novoanninskaya Gymnasium
The aims 1.To improve in language. 2.To prove that modal verbs are interesting. 3.To produce a pack of materials of English language classes. 4.To show difference of modal verbs usage.
What I did 1.I studied a lot of English and Russian sources such as books,text books, Internet information, encyclopedias,dictionaries. 2.I systematized all these facts and materials. 3.I looked for pictures and photos to illustrate my work. 4. I found exercises, tables.
Contents 1.Introduction 2.The Main Part :Theory about modal verbs, Exercises, Tables. 3.Quiz. 4.Test yourself. 5.List of Literature.
1.Introdaction The modals :must, ought to, need, to be to, to have to, should express a variety of moods or attitudes toward a possible state or actions. Modals always are used with infinitive without «to».They haven't got the Infinitive, the Adjectives or the Gerund forms. They haven't got the 3-ed form of Present Simple. They haven't got the Future Tense and some of them haven't got the Past Tense form. They haven't got auxiliary verbs in negative and interrogative sentences.
2. Giving advice with must,have to, should. Must- used to indicate that it is necessary that sth. happens ( должен обязательно что - то сделать ) ( должен обязательно что - то сделать ) Very strong. That's an order. Very strong. That's an order. -Must I memorize this poem?( Должен ли я выучить это стихотворение ? ) -Yes you must.( Да, обязательно ) Have to/has to/had to in negative sentences and questions use with A.V. Used when giving advice or recommender.Quite strong. That’s your advice ( должен, приходится, поневоле, вынужден ( в силу обстоятельств ) We use BE TO when it is necessary to do something (its my plan, I promise )
We use must only in Present and Future Tenses. - We must go now. Мы должны идти сейчас. We use have to, when we speak about Present, Future, Past. - I had to go to school yesterday. Я должен был идти в школу вчера. - I have to go to school now. Я должен идти в школу в школу сейчас - I shall have to go to school. Я должен буду пойти в школу завтра. - I am to meet her in the library today. Я должен ( я обещал ) встретиться с ней в библиотеке сегодня. Verb Verb Present Present Past Past Future Future mustmust be to am to is to are to was to were to have to have to have to had to will (shall) have to have to
Must,have to Must,have to We use the both verbs MUST and HAVE TO when it is necessary to do something.But there is diferens between them. Must-duty. My teacher insist. Have to – duty.( выражает Выражает обязанность долг, обязанность или необходимость необходимость с точки зрения обусловленную обстоятельствами ) говорящего )
remember Have to is used with the auxiliary verbs in Negative and Interrogative form ( do/did /does). Why do you have go to the dentists every three months? (not :» ») (not :» ») Mustn't and don’t have to are completely different. You mustn't do that! You don’t have to do that. Вам нельзя этого делать ! Вам и не нужно этого делать !
Should and ought to You can use should and ought to to give advise or to give an opinion. They have only one form in Present Simple. They are synonyms. You should see that film.Its very good (Not so strong.That's your advise) Тебе хорошо бы посмотреть этот фильм. Он очень хороший. You should / ought to see that film.Its very good (Not so strong.That's your advise) Тебе хорошо / вам следует ( вы должны ) бы посмотреть этот фильм. Он очень хороший. Verb Verb Present Present Past Past Future Future shouldshould ought to
Exercises Complete the sentence with should or shouldn't
Questionnaire What do you think of teachers job? Could you be a teacher yourself? Answer the questionnaire and mark your score. What do you think of teachers job? Could you be a teacher yourself? Answer the questionnaire and mark your score.
Dialogs We often use modal verbs in our speech, because the express a variety of moods or attitudes toward a possible state or actions.
Need, needn't We use need /needn't in Negative and interrogative sentences in Present Simple Tense. Need I go there? Мне нужно идти туда ? You needn't do this. Вам не нужно этого делать. Verbs VerbsPresentPastFuture needn't (it isn't necessary to do it.) need
5.List of Literature -T. Klementieva, J.Shannon «Happy English 2 » -R.A. Close «A Reference Grammar for students of English» -M.Z.Biboletova,N.N. Trubaneva «Enjoy English» -V.K. Muller «New English-Russian Dictionary» -V.K. Muller«New Russian- English Dictionary» -Oxford «Advanced Learners» dictionary