Presentation on theme: "Content + Language: Europe’s CLIL and America’s CBI"— Presentation transcript:
1 Content + Language: Europe’s CLIL and America’s CBI Robert J. DickeyKorea TESOLGyeongju University
2 Purpose of adding content Learning “authentic” languageLearner motivationAlways ??? topic choices considerationPreparing for overseas studies or reading/writing international publications46% of universities in Japan now offering content courses in FL, number is growing in Korea and across Asia
3 No agreement on definition! Over 35 terms of art in use, includingcontent-based language instructionintegrated content and language learningcontent-focused language learningenhanced language learningteaching English through contentimmersionand of course, CBI and CLIL
4 No agreement on definition! Diversity is the definition?How many different ways to analyze aims and orientations?All-inclusive a good thing?For classrooms “where a commitment has been made to content learning as well as language learning”Various descriptive typologies
5 No agreement on focus Using content to learn English content pre-selectedcontent determines language points“content-driven language learning”?choosing language points from contentcontent selected by language instructor (& students?)language aims determine content selection?language aims determine content use?common source for all content materials?
6 No agreement on focus Using language to learn content Teaching Through English, Foreign Language Medium InstructionTotal ImmersionKrashen’s version of Sheltered Subject Matter TeachingDecisions made by -AdministratorsDepartments (hosting the course)Teachers
7 A few Types of CBI“Subject Majors” (e.g., Sociology, History, Art, Business)Academic Skills (EAP)Technology (e.g., computers/Internet, watching movies/commercials/, music)Vocational SkillsLinguistics/Literature – GRAMMAR???
8 Teaching Methods CBI does not dictate methods/ techniques/approaches Task-based learning is a popular choiceArguably predates Communicative Language Teaching by centuriesNot an “English Only” requirementDoes not dictate medium of instruction – distance learning, CALL, audio, video…
9 Duration of Content Sustained Content – 6 weeks + each Thematic – multiple weeks eachTopical – multiple class hours - maybeOne-off Lessons / Learning ActivitiesEven simple “Classroom English”???
10 Content-learning Designs Adjunct classesRegular content course with NS students + language class complementSheltered WorkshopsContent course with language learners only, simplified content or presentationImmersion (full or partial)Topical/Theme-based language courses
15 Balance of content & English Based on various factorsPossibility of intentionally “grading” the levels of content and language in a series of coursesDon’t neglect learner anxiety as a multiplier of all other issuesA “Gradient Continuum” of classes?Content courses just one part of overall language learning program