Presentation on theme: "Content + Language: Europe’s CLIL and America’s CBI"— Presentation transcript:
1Content + Language: Europe’s CLIL and America’s CBI Robert J. DickeyKorea TESOLGyeongju University
2Purpose of adding content Learning “authentic” languageLearner motivationAlways ??? topic choices considerationPreparing for overseas studies or reading/writing international publications46% of universities in Japan now offering content courses in FL, number is growing in Korea and across Asia
3No agreement on definition! Over 35 terms of art in use, includingcontent-based language instructionintegrated content and language learningcontent-focused language learningenhanced language learningteaching English through contentimmersionand of course, CBI and CLIL
4No agreement on definition! Diversity is the definition?How many different ways to analyze aims and orientations?All-inclusive a good thing?For classrooms “where a commitment has been made to content learning as well as language learning”Various descriptive typologies
5No agreement on focus Using content to learn English content pre-selectedcontent determines language points“content-driven language learning”?choosing language points from contentcontent selected by language instructor (& students?)language aims determine content selection?language aims determine content use?common source for all content materials?
6No agreement on focus Using language to learn content Teaching Through English, Foreign Language Medium InstructionTotal ImmersionKrashen’s version of Sheltered Subject Matter TeachingDecisions made by -AdministratorsDepartments (hosting the course)Teachers
8Teaching Methods CBI does not dictate methods/ techniques/approaches Task-based learning is a popular choiceArguably predates Communicative Language Teaching by centuriesNot an “English Only” requirementDoes not dictate medium of instruction – distance learning, CALL, audio, video…
9Duration of Content Sustained Content – 6 weeks + each Thematic – multiple weeks eachTopical – multiple class hours - maybeOne-off Lessons / Learning ActivitiesEven simple “Classroom English”???
10Content-learning Designs Adjunct classesRegular content course with NS students + language class complementSheltered WorkshopsContent course with language learners only, simplified content or presentationImmersion (full or partial)Topical/Theme-based language courses
15Balance of content & English Based on various factorsPossibility of intentionally “grading” the levels of content and language in a series of coursesDon’t neglect learner anxiety as a multiplier of all other issuesA “Gradient Continuum” of classes?Content courses just one part of overall language learning program