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Materials for ELT. Language Teaching Materials Language Teaching Language Skills Discourse (Language Focus) Grammar Vocabulary Pronunciation Receptive.

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Presentation on theme: "Materials for ELT. Language Teaching Materials Language Teaching Language Skills Discourse (Language Focus) Grammar Vocabulary Pronunciation Receptive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Materials for ELT

2 Language Teaching Materials Language Teaching Language Skills Discourse (Language Focus) Grammar Vocabulary Pronunciation Receptive Productive Listening Reading Speaking Writing

3 The role of materials  A resource for presentation materials  A source of activities for learner practice and communicative interaction  A reference source for learners on grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and so on  A source of stimulation and ideas for classroom activities  A syllabus  A support for less experienced teachers who have yet to gain in confidence Cunningsworth, A. (1995) Choosing Your Coursebook. Oxford. Heinemann.

4 Authentic versus created materials Authentic Materials: Texts, photographs, video selections, and other teaching resources that are not specifically prepared for pedagogical purposes. Created Materials Textbooks and other specially developed instructional purposes.

5 Authentic materials Advantages  The provide authentic cultural information about the target culture  They provide exposure to real language  The relate more closely to learner’s need  They support a more creative approach to teaching Disadvantages  Authentic materials often contain difficult language  Using authentic materials is a burden for teachers

6 Textbooks Advantages  They provide structure and a syllabus for a program  They help standardize instruction  They maintain quality  They provide a variety of learning resource  They are efficient  They can provide effective language models and input  They are visually appealing Disadvantages  They may contain inauthentic language  They may distort content  They may not reflect students’ needs  They can deskill teachers  They are expensive

7 Adapting Textbooks  Modifying content  Adding or deleting content  Reorganizing content  Addressing omissions  Modifying tasks  Extending tasks

8 Self-prepared materials Advantages  Relevance  Develop expertise  Reputation  Flexibility Disadvantages  Cost  Quality  training

9 Decisions in materials design  Developing aims  Developing objectives  Developing syllabus  Organizing the course into units  Developing a structure for units  Sequencing units

10 Organization of materials  Curriculum level: educational objective  the whole body of knowledge that learners acquire in an educational institution.  Course level: Course objective  specific linguistic content  Instruction level: Learning objective  learning outcomes for a specific meeting/unit

11 Example of material organization Unit level: read for information  Identifying the topic (theme)  Identifying the main ideas, stated and implied  Distinguishing between the topic and the main idea  Reading for detail  Distinguishing important from unimportant details  Skimming to obtain the gist or a general impression of the semantic content  Scanning to locate specifically required information

12 Thank You


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