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Language, Literacy and Communication. Objectives Identify the Language, Literacy and Communication Key Developmental Indicators (KDIs). Discuss the development.

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Presentation on theme: "Language, Literacy and Communication. Objectives Identify the Language, Literacy and Communication Key Developmental Indicators (KDIs). Discuss the development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Language, Literacy and Communication

2 Objectives Identify the Language, Literacy and Communication Key Developmental Indicators (KDIs). Discuss the development of these KDIs in young children. Identify and use strategies that support children’s language, literacy and communication skills. 2

3 What’s in a Photo? 1.Look at the various types of pictures in the center of your table. 2.Discuss what you see in the pictures and any personal thoughts you might have. 3.Create a list of descriptive words that come up in your conversations. 4.Choose one picture to share with the whole group. 3 What happened to your ideas as you put them into words? How did language help you say what you wanted about what was happening in the pictures or help organize your thinking? Why do you think conversation is important?

4 To become thinkers we need language We start with what we, but to become ourselves we develop an inner speech. Inner speech is our thinking in action Conversation is the universal language of learning Need for Language 4

5 Children: Understand (comprehend) conversations, signing, stories, books, songs, poems, and/or chants. Listen; respond; connect information to their own lives; predict what will happen next; and recall real and fictional people, materials, actions, events, and ideas. 5

6 Children: Share observations, experiences, ideas, explanations, feelings, preferences, and needs. Progress from making gestures to using sentences of increasing length and complexity. 6 KDI 22: Speaking Children express themselves using language KDI 22: Speaking Children express themselves using language

7 Children: Learn and use new words and phrases in conversations, activities, written materials, and play. Ask the meaning of unfamiliar words. Use multiple parts of speech to describe, clarify, and elaborate their experiences and ideas. 7 KDI 23: Vocabulary Children understand and use a variety of words and phrases KDI 23: Vocabulary Children understand and use a variety of words and phrases

8 Children: Understand and use English and their home language(s). Adjust the language they use to the person with whom they are communicating. Know there are different writing systems (alphabets). 8 KDI 30: ELL/Dual Language Acquisition Children use English and their home language(s) (including sign language). KDI 30: ELL/Dual Language Acquisition Children use English and their home language(s) (including sign language).

9 Pretend Animal Talk 9

10 Talking the Talk Routine talk: Talk that focuses on the here and now. – “Come to the sink and wash your hands.” – “I want the pink scarf.” Pretend/self talk: Talk that expresses and represents what children observe, think, imagine, and feel through play. –Self talk is the ongoing inner conversation that leads to self-regulation. 10 Work Time is the main part of the routine where children have the ability to develop this skill.

11 Mrs. Spears at the Beauty Salon 11

12 You Say “Pop” I say “Soda” Look for ordinary objects in this room and come up with as many names as possible for that object. 12 Coin Clutch Evening Satchel Big Bag Pocket book Envelope PURSE

13 Research Shows... A great deal of vocabulary learning occurs before children become literate (Biemiller). The number of words children have in their vocabulary before they come to school is highly predictive of reading success (Cunningham & Stanovich, 1997). Children hear between 10 and 30 million cumulative words by age 3 (Hart & Risley). Need for concern for children at the lower end. They are not learning enough words for successful readers as their peers. Children must hear new words many times in many contexts (Nagy & Scott). 13

14 Strategies in the Classroom 1.Encourage children to retain their home language and have access and opportunities to use it when learning English, including vocabulary and conceptual skills. 2.Warm relationships with adults are the most important factor in learning a second language. 3.Learn words and phrases in a child’s home language in order to communicate. 4.Use sign language. 5.Have a consistent routine. 6.Create an album with photos labeled in both languages. 7.Get books in child’s home language. 14

15 Writing Messages Action Message 15 Rebus Message

16 Children: Write to represent ideas, use writing in their play and/or ask adults to take dictation, and read what they and adults have written. Use writing tools such as crayons, markers, pencils, and computers. Copy or write letters, and progress from scribbles to letterlike forms to recognizable letters. 16 KDI 29: Writing Children write for many different purposes KDI 29: Writing Children write for many different purposes

17 Identifying Writing Development Drawing 17

18 Identifying Writing Development Scribble-writing 18

19 Identifying Writing Development Letterlike Forms 19

20 Identifying Writing Development Actual Letters 20

21 Identifying Writing Development String Letters 21

22 Identifying Writing Development Invented Spelling 22 “Keep Out”

23 Strategies for Supporting Writers 1.Provide materials throughout the classroom. 2.Encourage children to engage in writing throughout the day. 3.Accept the various forms of writing that children are already capable of, and help them to develop new ones. 4.Model writing for children and provide scaffolding. 5.Respond to children’s questions and offer information. 6.Encourage experimentation and risk taking. 23

24 HighScope KDIs Language, Literacy and Communication Sign in Sheet/Snack Chart 24

25 HighScope KDIs Language, Literacy and Communication Open Ended Materials 25

26 Encourage Writing 26

27 HighScope KDIs Language, Literacy and Communication Ask for Children to Assist You in Writing 27

28 Encourage Children to Write Messages 28

29 Acting Out Nursery Rhymes With your table group, think of your favorite nursery rhymes and act them out with each other. 29

30 Children: Recognize the beginning and ending sounds of words, including rhymes (same ending sounds) and alliteration (same initial sounds). Recognize separate syllables in words (segmentation). 30 KDI 24: Phonological awareness Children identify distinct sounds in spoken language KDI 24: Phonological awareness Children identify distinct sounds in spoken language

31 Rhymes and Alliterations Help children: Hear and match word endings that are the same (rhymes). Hear and match word sounds at the beginning of familiar words (alliterations). Figure out that words are a collection of familiar sounds. Rearrange word sounds to make up new words. 31

32 Creating Rhymes and Alliterations 32 Mat -- Bat -- Pat Fox – Feather -- Fan

33 Letter Links 33 Omari Charmaine

34 Children: Know letters are a category of symbols that can be individually named. Name a growing number of letters and associate them with their sounds (often beginning with the initial of their first name and/or other familiar words). 34 KDI 25: Alphabetic knowledge Children identify letter names and their sounds KDI 25: Alphabetic knowledge Children identify letter names and their sounds

35 Support Strategies Provide a print-rich environment that exposes children to letters in meaningful contexts. Provide and use three-dimensional letters and other alphabet materials with children. Continue to encourage children’s early writing in all its forms (e.g., alphabet books or puzzles). Make letter sounds with children as they write. Plan and support playful experiences with the alphabet throughout the daily routine. 35 Look for strategies in this SGT: Letter Collectors

36 Beloved Books With a partner, talk together about your favorite books from your childhood. As you talk, discuss: – Why you remember these specific books? – What about these books made them memorable? Discuss as a whole group. 36

37 Children: Look at a variety of printed materials for enjoyment and knowledge. Ask adults to read books to them, and they “read” books to others. Tell or retell stories based on pictures. Read aloud a word, simple phrase, or short sentence. 37 KDI 26: Reading Children read for pleasure and information KDI 26: Reading Children read for pleasure and information

38 Children: Learn about the functions of print. Understand the connection between spoken and written words. Recognize that a word is a unit of print, letters are grouped to form words, and words are separated by spaces. Learn about print conventions such as directionality (English is read top to bottom and left to right) as they experience various forms of environmental print (e.g., signs, newspapers and magazines, lists, messages, menus, packaging). 38 KDI 27: Concepts about print Children demonstrate knowledge about environmental print KDI 27: Concepts about print Children demonstrate knowledge about environmental print

39 Children: Know how books work. – e.g., they hold a book upright and face- forward, read it front to back, and differentiate text and pictures Identify the parts of the book. 39 KDI 28: Book knowledge Children demonstrate knowledge about books KDI 28: Book knowledge Children demonstrate knowledge about books

40 HighScope KDIs Language, Literacy and Communication Importance of Reading It offers the power and pleasure of literacy. It stimulates imagination. It strengthens brain connections. It introduces children to new knowledge as well as familiar and comforting themes. It enhances language ability. 40

41 HighScope KDIs Language, Literacy and Communication Increasing Language through Reading The English language contains 500,000 words, yet only 15,000 words are used in everyday speech, and only 7000 words on television. P. Kropp (2000) How to make your child a reader for life. 41

42 HighScope KDIs Language, Literacy and Communication Importance of Small Group Reading Cozier atmosphere Deeper discussions of the stories Timid children tend to get involved Children listen to each other’s ideas and make contributions to the ongoing discussion Children are able to see the book Fewer child management issues 42 Children benefit from conversations that occur during book reading because they make connections between real life and text (Hohmann, 2005). This kind of interactive reading significantly supports the young child’s ability to comprehend the story’s narrative (Zevenbergen & Whitehurst, 2003). Research shows that...

43 The Art of Reading 43 1.When you engage children in books, you support the development of comprehension. 2.Books are the easiest and most fulfilling way of exposing young children to language development other than rich conversations.

44 Looking at Your Own Books 1.What are the strengths of your children’s book collection? 2.How can you use books you do have, to bring children’s attention to the story and engage their interests? 3.What kind of books would you like to add to your collection? 4.Where can you find the books you want to add? 44

45 Implementation Plan Turn to the last page of your Training Booklet. Think about each of the KDIs we have discussed today. Jot down ideas you would like to remember. 45


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