Presentation on theme: "ENGAGING FAMILIES IN EARLY LITERACY EXPERIENCES"— Presentation transcript:
1ENGAGING FAMILIES IN EARLY LITERACY EXPERIENCES Purpose: Provide information on the development of early literacy skills in children and how families may become more involved in helping their children develop these critical skills.What we know about early literacy:Language, reading and writing skills develop at the same time and are intimately linked.Early literacy development is a continuous developmental process that begins in the first years of life.Early literacy skills develop in real life settings through positive interactions with literacy materials and other people.ENGAGING FAMILIES IN EARLY LITERACY EXPERIENCES
2WHAT IS EARLY LITERACY?Everything a child knows about reading and writing before he or she can read or writeNot teaching your child to read.Children gain significant knowledge of language, reading and writing long before they enter school.Early literacy is the development of reading and writing and begins in the first five years of life and is closely linked to a child’s earliest experiences with books and stories.The first statement is a simple but accurate definition of EARLY LITERACY.Current understanding of early language and literacy development has provided new ways of helping children learn to talk, read, and write.Does not advocate teaching of reading to young children.Formal instruction which pushes infants and toddlers to achieve adult models of literacy is not developmental appropriate.Early literacy theory emphasizes the critical role of literacy-rich experiences and more natural unfolding of skills through the enjoyment of books and interaction with adults in a literacy.
3HOW DO CHILDREN DEVELOP EARLY LITERACY SKILLS? Interactions with literacy materials and with the adults in children’s lives build the foundation for language, reading and writing development.Children learn to talk, read and write through social literacy experiences where adults interact with them using literacy materials including books, crayons, magazines, markers, and paper.Exploring and playing with books, singing nursery rhymes, listening to stories, recognizing words and scribbling are the building blocks for language and literacy development.Read bullets…Stress the critical importance of INTERACTIONS with adults and literacy materials.Literacy materials – books, magazines , markers, - have parents think of more ……….
4WHEN DO CHILDREN DEVELOP EARLY LITERACY SKILLS? Learning begins at birth.Children’s brains develop and they learn more rapidly from birth to age five than at any other time in life.Beginning at birth, children’s brains begin to develop connections called synapses based on their experiences.The more experiences and learning opportunities – the more connections are made.The connections that are used become permanent.Those that are not used are eliminated.Definition: A synapse is a neural junction used for communication between neurons.
5EARLY EXPERIENCES COUNT Children’s early experiences largely determine the way they will learn, think and behave for the rest of their lives.Parents, caregivers and teachers are essential partners in a child’s development of reading, writing and language skills which can lead to school success.Ask parents to think of ways they and other parents can interact with their children in ways that would set the stage or encourage early literacy.
6WHAT ARE EARLY LITERACY SKILLS? ORAL LANGUAGEPHONOLOGICAL AWARENESSPRINT CONCEPTSWRITINGALPHABET KNOWLEDGEThese areas of early language and literacy together form a foundation upon which the child will later build academic proficiency.
7ORAL LANGUAGE…Refers to the ability to use words to communicate ideas and thoughts and to use language as a tool to communicate to othersEXAMPLES:Spend time in conversation with your child to develop vocabulary and knowledge of the world.Label what you see and explain how things work.Developing vocabulary is a critical component of oral language.By four years of age, children should have a receptive vocabulary of nearly 3,000 words and an expressive vocabulary of nearly 2,000 words.These words include all major word classes (nouns, verbs, prepositions, adverbs, adjectives, etc).The size of a preschoolers’ vocabulary is directly linked to later skills in reading comprehension..
8PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS …Refers to the ability to recognize, manipulate, and use sounds in words, including the ability to hear and discriminate the sounds in languageEXAMPLES:Play with language to help your child listen to rhymes and letter sounds.Read nursery rhymes and other rhyming books.See how many rhyming words you think of together.Use words that start with the same letter and help your child to hear the letter soundsThe acquisition of phonological awareness is highly predictive of reading success.At the kindergarten level, phonemic awareness abilities appear to be the best single predictor of successful reading acquisition.
9PRINT CONCEPTSPrint awareness describes children’s interest in print, knowledge of the names and distinctive features of various print units (e.g., alphabet letters, words), and the way in which different print units may be combined in written language.EXAMPLES:Read aloud with your child every day.Talk about the stories you read to make them more meaningful to your child.Children will learn about books and print, for example we read the words, rather than the pictures, from left to right and from the front of a book to the back.Print awareness also describes children’s sensitivities to the ways in which print is used for meaningful and functional purposes and the way in which print is organized in storybooks and other print genre.
10WRITING… the ability to represent ideas or words in a printed or written formatEXAMPLES:Encourage you child to draw and write by allowing access to pencils, crayons, markers, chalk and a variety of paper.Activities to develop the muscle strength needed to be able to write successfully include: playing with play dough, tearing and crumpling paper, scooping and pouring.Using Lego blocks, sticking stickers and using tongs.Help your child send a letter or write an important list.ASK PARENTS FOR MORE EXAMPLES
11ALPHABET KNOWLEDGE…Ability to recognize the letters of the alphabet in isolation, the context of word recognition and word use, and the ability to "read" words and text accurately and quicklyEXAMPLES:Teach your child about letters and words.Notice words and letters in the world around you.Read cereal boxes and favorite snacks.Post your child's name in his or her room.Point out the letters in your child's name that are in signs and billboards around town.Alphabet knowledge is an important aspect of print knowledge that describes children’s familiarity with letters of the alphabet.By entrance to kindergarten, children should show the emergence of a well-developed knowledge of the alphabet, acquired through exposure to the letters in a range of systematic and more incidental experiences .
12HOW DO PARENTS MAKE READING AND WRITING MEANINGFUL? Choose activities that best suit your child’s interests.Call attention to the different types of written materials in your home such as labels, newspapers, magazines, and greeting cards.Point out print in the environment such as billboards, menus, signs, and names of restaurants.Place name cards of family members on the refrigerator. Children can use magnetic letters to spell the names underneath.Provide print materials such as menus, tickets, maps, and catalogues for children to use in pretend play.Involve children as you create a grocery list. Talk about the names of some of the letters and words as you write them.Help children “read” labels as they shop.Give them coupons and ask them to help find the items.Cook with children and let them help you follow the recipe.Ask children to help you identify cereal boxes during breakfast.Cut labels from snack boxes such as Teddy Grahams and glue them into a homemade book titled Snacks We Like.Hold up two cans of vegetables and ask, “Should we have carrots or green beans?” Point out the words for the vegetables.SUGGESTION: Make this slide and the next slide available in a hand-out for parents to take home.
13MORE ACTIVITIES FOR PARENTS Make a scrapbook together after a family event. Let children dictate what to write under the photos.Let children help you look up phone numbers. Talk about what you are writing as you jot down names and numbers.Fix a container of “office materials” for children to use. Choose from materials such as, pens, pencils, scented markers, glitter crayons, white paper, colored paper, fancy paper with designs, envelopes, hole puncher, tape dispenser, stapler, stamps, stamp pads, stickers, and scissors.Help children make cards for holiday and family events.It is important to accept and encourage all attempts from your children as they begin to write. As they practice and feel successful, they will progress at their own pace from the scribbling stage to writing recognizable letters.Ask a relative to be a pen pal. Children can draw pictures or copy simple words to mail to the person. Children enjoy drawing and writing when they know they will get a letter in return.Talk to children about the letters and words you are writing when you write a message to a family member. Encourage them to help you write part of the message.Encourage children to draw pictures and dictate stories to you. They enjoy seeing their words written down.Suggest parents look on Internet for more activities. Just Google “Early Literacy Parent Involvement” .
14“ROAD TO READING “ TOP TEN LIST 10. Vinyl or cardboard books with simple pictures are best for young babies. 9. Books with photo pictures of faces and other babies are especially good. 8. Cardboard and “chunky” books are good for learning to turn pages. 7. Choose books with animal pictures for older babies and make animal sounds while you look at the book. 6. Make sharing books with your child a part of your daily routine - especially at naptime and bedtime. 5. Books with rhyming words or repeated phrases are fun. 4. As your child grows, take trips to the library and choose books together. 3. Talk about the book with your child. Ask her what part she liked best. 2. Continue reading aloud to your child even though they may be able to read for themselves.Finally – Our TOP TEN Picks for Early Literacy Activities!!!
15Read together every day! And the number one way to get young children on the road to reading is:Read together every day!QUESTIONS?? – COMMENTS??? – DISCUSSION ??