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  What were some of political beliefs of the Enlightenment?  How did they change the way people thought? Bell Ringer.

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Presentation on theme: "  What were some of political beliefs of the Enlightenment?  How did they change the way people thought? Bell Ringer."— Presentation transcript:

1   What were some of political beliefs of the Enlightenment?  How did they change the way people thought? Bell Ringer

2   Recap – Enlightenment, what were some of the ideas. Who did not agree?  The three estates of France: Fair?  What led to a decline of power in France?  Reading: National Assembly, Tennis Court oath, and the Great Fear  Activity: Write a letter to the king as one of the estates. Agenda/Objectives

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4  Enlightenment Ideas

5  The Three Estates of France

6   First Estate:  - Made up of clergy of Roman Catholic Church, scorned Enlightened ideas.  Second Estate:  - Made up of rich nobles, held highest offices in government, and disagreed with Enlightened ideas. The Three Estates

7  First and Second Estate

8   Included bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmers.  Had no power to influence government.  Embraced Enlightened ideas. Third Estate

9  Third Estate of France

10   First estate- owned 10% of the land, provided education and relief services to the poor.  - Contributed 2% of its income to the government.  Second estate- 2% of the population, owned 20% and paid no taxes.  Seems fair right…. The three estates

11   Third estate – 98% of the population and differed economically from merchants and well educated to peasants.  - All heavily taxed. The three estates

12   What typically leads to a decline of a nation?  Economic hardship and weak leadership. What led to the decline of France?

13   Expanding population with extremely high taxes made business impossible to flourish.  Cost of living rose and crops began to fail.  price of bread doubled.  King Louis XVI lived an extravagant life and spent money wastefully.  - Borrowed money to help Americans fight the British. Economic hardship

14   Louis XVI became king in  Preferred to hunt and play rather than govern.  Age 15 married Marie Antoinette who was only 14.  Marie was from Austria (long time enemy of France)  Marriage was extremely unpopular.  Marie spent money lavishly on gowns, jewelry, and gifts #Madamedefecit Weak Leadership

15   Rather than cutting expenses and raising taxes Louis put the issue off.  Facing bankruptcy attempted to tax nobles.  Estates-General – representatives from all 3 estates.  - first meeting in 175 years- May 5, 1789 at Versailles. Weak leadership

16   Everyone will read silently “The National Assembly”  Be prepared to answer questions. Reading

17   Based on your notes and reading I want you to write a letter to King Louis XVI.  You will choose to be one of the Estates (you choose).  You will write about an issue you have with him or what you want changed or NOT changed- based on the estate you have chosen.  Minimum of 2 paragraphs. Activity

18   1 paragraph of what your paper will be on and why it interest you.  i.e. Hitler’s rise to power  - Fall of Constantinople  - Assassination of Abraham Lincoln  - Rise of Communism in Russia  - Longstreet vs. Lee: Gettysburg  - The Death of Emmitt Till  - United States influence in the Middle East Topic of Research Paper


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