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Presentation on theme: "UNCLASS 111 CAPT Pete Stamatopoulos, SC, USN JS J-4, Chief, Logistic Services Division CJCS TASK FORCE DEPENDENCE ON CONTRACTOR SUPPORT IN CONTINGENCY."— Presentation transcript:


2 UNCLASS 2 Background CJCS Task Force II Study Approach Bottom Line JCAs with a high level of dependence Way Ahead to Improving OCS Planning Agenda

3 UNCLASS 3 Background – CJCS TF I In the Summer of 2008, SECDEF posed a question to CJCS regarding DOD’s dependence on contractors… which was further scoped to dependence on contractor provided combat and security training CJCS established the J4/J7 led Dependence on Contractor Provided Combat and Security Training Task Force (Phase I) –The TF assessed the appropriateness, military utility and consistency of contractor provided training

4 UNCLASS 4 The Next Step CJCS and SECDEF desired a more in-depth study to determine the range and depth of contracted capabilities necessary to support the Joint Force Determine where we are most reliant and in some cases dependent on contractor support, informing planning and longer term force structure and potential “buy back” implications CJCS CJCS TF II effort began in January of 2009

5 UNCLASS 5 CJCS Task Force II CJCS Intent –Better understand contracted capabilities in Iraq to determine areas of high reliance or dependence –Determine where we are most reliant, and in some cases dependent, on contractor support, informing longer term force structure and potential “buy back” implications –Guide the development of future contingency planning and force development “How dependent am I on contractors?” CJCS

6 UNCLASS 6 Historical Perspective AFG Plus up driving more demand

7 UNCLASS 7 Study Approach An iterative process using a multi-disciplined, cross-cutting approach that spanned CENTCOM, Services, Defense Agencies, OSD and Joint Staff Examined: –8 QTRS of CENTCOM Contractor Census –36,000 lines of contract data –Binned Contracts by Type –Categorized by JCA –Mapped to UJTLs –In-depth look at 3Q FY08 –Compared Contractors to BOG –Identified JCAs with high reliance on contract support

8 UNCLASS 8 The Bottom Line DOD is dependent on contract support for large scale, long term overseas contingency operations (Phase III-V) in key logistics, net-centric, protection, and building partnership capability areas Especially where… –Executive force cap –Troop rotation timing –Dwell time –High demand / low density skills sets –And quality of life for military personnel are preserved

9 UNCLASS 9 Contracts Categorized by Type Theater Support Contracts System Support ContractsExternal Support Contracts Joint Operation Area Iraq Weapons Systems…Civil Augmentation, LOGCAP… USNDLAUSAUSMCUSAF 900 contracts; 6%1,700 contracts; 10% 13,400 contracts; 84%

10 UNCLASS 10 Contractor Dependency Iraq – 3 rd Quarter FY08 High Dependence High Reliance

11 UNCLASS 11 BOG/Contractor Tier I JCA Distribution Iraq U.S. MIL Footprint 146,525 BOG Iraq KTR Footprint 179,071 KTR to MIL Ratio 1.2:1 1 2 1 Military Personnel pulled from 3rd Quarter FY08 Force Tracking Number (FTN) figures provided by J-3 GFM 2 Contract Personnel pulled from CENTCOM Data Call Iraq – 3rd Quarter FY08

12 UNCLASS 12 Key Capability Areas The TF focused on examining four JCAs that indicated a high level of dependence equal to or greater than 50% –As a whole, DOD is most dependent on contracted support for logistics operations (150,794 personnel) –While other capability areas depend on contractor support, collectively they amount to less than 30,000 contractor personnel or less than 10% of the Total Force (325,596 Military & Contractor) Logistics, Net-Centric, Protection, and Building Partnership Capability Areas

13 UNCLASS 13 36% 17% Maintain Logistics Services Supply Deploy/Distribution 50%75%25% Tier II JCA% of Dependency 78 : 1 KTRMIL 63,892817 Ratio 99% 7,8161,9064.1 : 1 Engineering Installation Support5.9 : 169,38711,73586% 3,8666,770.57 : 1 5,6388,99039%.63 : 1 184924.20 : 1 80% Logistics Tier II JCA Iraq – 3rd Quarter FY08 As a whole, DOD is most dependent on contracted support for logistics operations (150,794 personnel)

14 UNCLASS 14 Move the Force Contract Examples SAAM Mobility Transportation Controllers Air carrier Services Air Operations Cargo Handling Convoy Management Lift and Haul Intra-Theater Air Log Movement Center Sustain the Force Contract Examples DHL Line Haul Convoy Support Courier Support Flatbed Leases Fuel & Fuel Tankers Deployment & Distribution Tier III Move the Force Sustain the Force Operate Joint Distribution Enterprise Logistics Tier II JCA Deployment & Distribution Military BOGContractor Ave Data relatively stable External & Theater Support Contracts

15 UNCLASS 15 Service Contract Examples Aircraft Maintenance/Aviation Support Generator Maintenance Copier Maintenance Latrines Service Repair Mgmt Contract Examples Aircraft Repair and Support Copier Repair Trailer Maint and Repair Generator Repair Maintain Tier III Inspect Test Service Repair Rebuild Calibration Logistics Tier II JCA Maintain Military BOGContractor Ave Large uptick in 3 rd Quarters FY07 and FY08 attributed to an Iraqi Army Maintenance program contract – with 1,000 contractors assigned System, External & Theater Support Contracts

16 UNCLASS 16 Logistics Tier II JCA Engineering General Engineering Contract Examples Engineering Support Construction Iraq Reconstruction Road Paving Irrigation Crane w/ Operator Combat Engineering Contract Examples R-2 System Engineer Services Engineering Tier III General Engineering Combat Engineering Geospatial Engineering Military BOGContractor Ave There were nearly 3,000 road construction / repair contractors in 1 st QTR FY08… …steady state was between 300-900 road contractors External & Theater Support Contracts

17 UNCLASS 17 Food Service Contract Examples Dining Facilities Refrigerated Units/Trucks Catering Services Full Food Services Base Camp Services Contract Examples Detainee Ops Waste Management/ Sanitation O&M Services Base Support Laborers Logistics & Installations Tier III Food Service Water and Ice Services Base camp Services Hygiene Services Real Property Life Cycle Management Installation Services Logistics Tier II Log Services + Installation Support Real Property Life Cycle Mgmt Examples Construction Equipment Rental Labor O&M Services Installation Services Contract Examples Guard Services Internal Security Janitorial Services Vehicle/Transportatin Support Temp Labor Generic Logistical Support Military BOGContractor Ave 20K Drop in Base Support Contractors External & Theater Support Contracts

18 UNCLASS 18 Common Sense Observation Because the Joint Force depends so heavily on contract support we must significantly enhance OCS planning efforts throughout… –all phases of a campaign –at every echelon of command –across the full range of military operations Which begged the question… why plan for contracted support?

19 UNCLASS 19 Why plan for contracted support? Why? –Policy and CJCSM require it –The JFC needs to know –Contractors deliver a high percentage of war fighting support capabilities –Common sense dictates it To what end? For who’s benefit? –Contractor visibility & accountability –To determine the Total Demand Signal – Force Planning and Force Management Through Phase IV-V? Or only through Phase III? –Contract support capabilities not even addressed At what cost/benefit? –We don’t know because we’ve never done it Are existing processes and tools adequate? –No…if we intend to plan for contracted support Remedy –Develop rules, tools and refine existing planning processes to better facilitate planning for contracted support Experiment… Should the JSCP direct a single plan to be fully developed thru Phase V? CJCS TF Phase III “Improving OCS Planning” Tees Up

20 UNCLASS 20 CJCS TF Phase III Change Recommendations: Rules Rules Designate JCS J4 as JCS lead in JSCP for OCS integration in planning and execution Update Guidance to Employ the Force/Global Force Management Implementation Guidance (GEF/GFMIG) to require that CCDRs plan for contracted support to the same level of fidelity as forces Require specific OCS Annex W planning elements in contingency planning levels 1, 2, 3, 3T. (Annex W required in OPLANs (level 4)) Conduct an OCS JIC and CBA to determine OCS requirements 8 to 20 years in the future Global Employment of the Force (GEF) Guidance Global Force Management Implementation Guidance (GIFMIG)

21 UNCLASS 21 CJCS TF Phase III Change Recommendations: Processes Processes Develop business rules to categorize contract/CLINs to one or more Joint Capability Areas (JCAs) Refine JCA tier definitions from OIF/OEF lessons learned (e.g. translators/interpreters) Require inclusion of contractors in the force list Develop contract/contracted capability related UJTLs and UTCs

22 UNCLASS 22 CJCS TF Phase III Change Recommendations: Tools Tools Develop OCS planning & contractor estimating tools, improve/influence existing and emerging IT systems (JCRM, cASM, others) to support OCS planning


24 UNCLASS 24 Binned Contracts by Type Categorized by JCA Mapped to UJTLs Identified JCAs with high reliance on contract support Study Methodology Logistics JCA Decomposed to Tier III

25 UNCLASS 25 What did we find out?

26 UNCLASS 26 1 2 3 BOG/Contractor Tier II JCA Distribution

27 UNCLASS 27 Logistics Tier II & III 3rd Qtr FY08

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