Presentation on theme: "Navy Mission Essential Task Lists (NMETLs) and METOC MEASURES"— Presentation transcript:
1Navy Mission Essential Task Lists (NMETLs) and METOC MEASURES 3 May 2007Mr. David BrownFFC N721B
2AGENDA Background Concept Tasks, Conditions, and Standards Measures MetricsNWDC’s role is:to maintain and update the UNTLeducate Navy commands in the use of the METLs processassist in proper use and development of METLsrefine the Navy application of the METLs process
3UNTL BACKGROUNDCNO (and other Service Chiefs) decision to participate, with Joint Staff, in METLs developmentDesignated NDC (NWDC) as Executive AgentUniversal Naval Task List 1.0 publishedas Navy/Marine Corps/Coast Guard instruction2002 – UNTL 2.0 and CFFC becomes Exec for NMETLs across FFC Claimancy30 Jan 2007 UNTL 3.0 – DRRS covers nearly all operations required for mission successAdded “s” to Corp
4UJTL = (SN, ST, OP, TA) + UNTL (NTA + MCT) UJTL/ UNTL TERMSUJTL - Universal Joint Task List - the comprehensive list (library) of tasks at the Strategic and Operational and Joint Tactical levels of war plus the service/agency task lists.NTTL - Naval Tactical Task List - the comprehensive list (library) of Naval tasks at the Tactical level of warUNTL - Universal Naval Task ListUNTL= (MCTL + NTTL)UJTL = (SN, ST, OP, TA) + UNTL (NTA + MCT)
5UNIVERSAL JOINT TASK LIST (UJTL) re: “Libray” OPERATIONALAccomplish Objectives ofSubordinate Campaigns and Major OperationsSTRATEGIC NATIONALNational Military StrategyOP 1CONDUCTMOVEMENT & MANEUVEROP 2DEVELOPINTELLIGENCEOP 3EMPLOYFIREPOWEROP 4PROVIDESUPPORTOP 5EXERCISECOMMAND & CONTROLOP 6PROTECTIONSN 1CONDUCT STRATEGICDEPLOYMENT &REDEPLOYMENTSN 2STRATEGICSN 3FORCESSN 4SUSTAINMENTSN 5STRATEGIC DIRECTION& INTEGRATIONSN 6MOBILIZATIONSN 7FORCEDEVELOPMENTNTA 1DEPLOY FORCES ANDCONDUCT MANEUVERNTA 2NTA 3NTA 4PERFORM LOGISTICS ANDCOMBAT SERVICE SUPPORTNTA 5EXERCISE COMMAND& CONTROLNTA 6PROTECT THEST 5PROVIDE THEATERSTRATEGIC COMMANDAND CONTROLST 6THEATERST 7ESTABLISH THEATERFORCE REQUIREMENTSAND READINESSST 8DEVELOP ANDMAINTAIN ALLIANCEAND REGIONALRELATIONSST 1CONDUCT INTRATHEATERSTRATEGIC DEPLOYMENT,CONCENTRATION, ANDMANEUVER OF FORCESST 2ST 3EMPLOY THEATERST 4SUSTAINSTRATEGIC THEATERTheater and Campaign StrategyNAVY TACTICALBattles and EngagementsAssigned missions provide a commander’s link to the National Military Strategy. The commander’s ensuing mission analysis, based on his assigned warfighting missions, determine the tasks that must be performed to ensure successful mission accomplishment. Once identified, these same tasks provide the foundation for joint training programs; the tasks are established as specific training objectives with associated conditions and standards.The Universal Joint Task List or “UJTL,” depicted on this slide, provides a dictionary of common terms to be used by commanders in stating the mission tasks that need to be trained. This list provides a “menu” from which joint force commanders draw their training tasks based on their mission analyses. Presently, it is being updated to ensure that it continues to reflect current doctrinal terms of reference.This chart shows only the top line of joint tasks at the national strategic, theater strategic, operational, and tactical levels of war. Enabling tasks below each of the major tasks shown here provide the additional detail necessary to focus joint training plans.Note that our tasks cover the full range of military operations from operations other than war through war fighting.Finally, the training objectives established by commanders provide the focus for their joint training exercise programs, discussed next.64414
6Universal Naval Task List (UNTL) Common language describes what must be done.Identifies the level of war where tasks will be done.Lists conditions to describe physical, military, and civil environment in which tasks are performed.Lists sample measures and criteria that define standards associated with task performance.The UNTL is published/documented in OPNAVINST There is a draft version 2.0 of this instruction that was used for the development of the CVBG Staff NMETLs posted on the CLF/CPF NMETL web site. JTIMS software also contains UNTL version 2.0 tasks.It contains a comprehensive, hierarchical listing of tasks that can be performed by a joint military force, combat support agencies, or joint organizationsThis slide depicts what the UNTL providesNotice that the UNTL does not address how a task is performed- that is found in joint and naval doctrineNor does the UNTL address who performs the task - that’s found in the concept of operationsThe UNTL does identify what is to be performed in terms common to multiple combatant commands and joint force componentsConditions and measures associated with each task will be discussed laterLet’s look in more detail how the UNTL breaks out tasks by levels of warWE CAN ADD TASKS, CONDITIONS, & MEASURES TO THEUNTL
7UJTL/ UNTL TERMS Mission - The action required and the purpose. Essential - Absolutely necessary; indispensable; critical.Task - A discrete event or action, not specific to a single unit, weapon system, or individual that enables a mission or function to be accomplished.Mission Essential Task List (METL) - A list of tasks considered essential to the accomplishment of the mission. A METL includes associated conditions and standards and may identify command-linked and supporting tasks.
8NMET framework Perform this task…. …. Under these conditions…. ….To this standard.
9UNTL Task Library Guidelines Activities visible outside the commandDoctrinally based- should be able to find same words in Doctrine/ developing concepts (e.g. “maritime domain awareness” from National Maritime Security Strategy.)Discrete eventsDon’t define who/ how/ or a systemDon’t describe environmental issues (physical, military, or civil conditions)Don’t duplicate an existing task“Universal”Feedback to Navy UNTL/NMETLs link atNMETLS allow a commander to quantify both the level and scope of effort needed to achieve mission objectives. (NTTP 1-01)Mission Analysis determines tasking to build into NMETs with conditions and standards plus resources.NMETL and NWTS Process yields target for all DOTMLP-F solutions - yet remains flexible, adaptable and responsive for Continuous Improvement and to meet new challenges-The NWTS is a process where all of its phases are being simultaneously conducted at any one time. NMETLs are continuously refined, future planning is happening in the midst of execution, and assessments are updated and reported near-real time. The Navy Training Information Management System (NTIMS) serves as the repository for approved and draft NWTS products. The Navy Lessons Learned System (NLLS) is an important component of the NWTS continuous improvement process.NMETs are the basis for readiness reporting in the Capabilities-based (DRRS) systemCapabilities described by subsets of Unit(s) METsJCIDS relies on MET-like constructsNMETLs are the alignment tool!
10CONDITIONSConditions are variables of the operational environment or situation that may affect performance: physical, military or civil.Environment is the immediate situation or circumstance in which tasks must be performed (e.g., air temperature)Conditions impact the ability to perform a task (e.g., information exchange problems impact the ability to share information with allied/ coalition partners - unrestricted, restricted, highly restricted)ExampleReference Number and TitleC Air TemperatureDefinitionAtmospheric temperature at ground level (degrees Fahrenheit)DescriptorsHot (>850F); Temperate ( F); Cold ( F); Very cold (<100F).
11STANDARDSDefinitionMinimum acceptable proficiency required in the performance of a particular task under a specified set of conditionsComponentsConsists of measure and criterion:Measures: Provide basis for describing levels of performance (i.e., miles/hour, percentage, incidents)Criterion: Defines acceptable level of performance (i.e., 10 miles/hour, 40%)AuthorityDefined by multiple sourcesThis slide defines a standard, what it consists of,and identifies who sets standardsLet’s now look at the process for setting standards, i.e., selecting measures and determining the criterion
12NMET EXAMPLE Interdict Enemy Operational Forces/Targets NTA 3.2.6 PERFORM TASK OF:Interdict Enemy Operational Forces/Targets NTA 3.2.6- to conduct air operations to destroy, neutralize, or delay the enemy’s military potential.UNDER CONDITIONS OF:Negligible Light (overcast night)(C ) - light available to illuminateobjects from natural or manmade sources.Moderate Personnel Fatigue (C ) - degree to which personnel, dueto lack of rest, are experiencing fatigueModerate Collateral Damage Potential (C 2.6.7) - degree to whichcivilian population and structures (and friendly forces) are close to targetsTO A STANDARD OF:3 Hours to drop ordnance on target after initiation of task100 Percent of missions flown achieve desired target damage<5 Percent of engagements resulting in collateral damage
13MEASURES Distinguish among varying levels of task performance Allow commanders to establish standards consistent with their mission requirementsProvide basis for assessment (e.g., readiness assessment)Task Criterion MeasureNTA Attack Enemy Percent of targetsLand Targets destroyed
14MEASURESVALIDITY – Ability of a measure to capture desired performance.Should support mission success factors.Measures will drive performance.FEASIBILITY – Reasonable ability to collect data in support of the measure.Should consider, manpower, money, existing databases, and technology.RELIABLE – Ability of the measure to tell the same story each time data is collected.Need to be able to compare apples to apples.REPEATABLE – Ability to collect data for the measure each training cycle.Need a steady source of data.This slide defines a standard, what it consists of,and identifies who sets standardsLet’s now look at the process for setting standards, i.e., selecting measures and determining the criterion
15MEASURES - PERFORMANCE DIMENSIONS Commanders may require measures of different dimensions of performance to describe required level of performanceExamples:Time to PerformRate of MovementAccuracyCompletenessDurability/ ReliabilityPowerCostRange/ MobilityLead TimeDelay TimesEffectivenessCoordinationIntegrationEfficiency
18Where do “Metrics” come in? Performance to NMETL standards must be evaluated by collecting data against the “Measures” of performance. That is only one set of “metrics” required in a data collection plan. We also need “Conditions” data to understand how to compare the observed performance to the set standard.Other places where “Metrics” are needed includeAssessment- Across the force, where are our (community) strengths/ weaknesses in DOTMLP-F?Operations Analysis- What other options are available and how should we value mission task contributions?Validation- Is the chosen COA producing the desired outcomes? (Helps to answer “How do we know we’re winning?”)
19NAVY WARFARE TRAINING SYSTEM Hyperlink to Requirements Phase I/O SlideHyperlink to PlansPhase I/O SlideRequirementsHyperlink to PlansPhase I/O SlidePlansHyperlink to Assessment Phase I/O SlideDerived From Assigned MissionsDriven by Mission Requirements, Training Audience, and MethodEliminated bullet in front of “This phase produces” in all boxes.In Requirements Box, added space after Joint/In Plans Box, changed “deconflicts” to “Deconflicted”In Execution box, adjusted layout to match othersThis slide represents what a “Navyized” version of the JTS might look like.The NWTS system advocates a cyclic building block approach to training naval forces based on mission essential tasks. Each phase, through an input-process-output model, uses data from proceeding phases and outputs data to subsequent phases. The NWTS will provide commanders with a process to look at all potential missions a command may have and then determine which tasks and associated physical, military, and civil conditions are most important to those missions. They then can focus the limited resources on those tasks. An example of this process in action will be presented in later slides.A summary of this four phased approach follows:Phase 1 - REQUIREMENTS: Analysis of mission leads to a list of tasks with associated conditions and standards. Analysis of essentiality along with organizations that play a part produces a METL which feeds the plans phasePhase 2 - PLANS: Uses NMETL from requirements to answer the question who, what, when, where, & how. Here training methods and resources are allocated to training requirements. Output is training plans at all levels.Phase 3 - EXECUTION: Complete the training events and collect necessary data, observations, lessons learned & AARs. This information feeds the assessment phasePhase 4 - ASSESSMENT: Determines mission capability from a training viewpoint. Provides feedback to adjust or improve training. Supports external processes such as JMRR and JWCA.Based on Commander’s Intent& Joint/ Navy DoctrineBased on Output of Requirements PhaseThis Phase Produces:NMETL Tasks, Conditions, &StandardsList of Commands With Role inNMETL AccomplishmentThis Phase Produces:Fleet, Group, Warfare Commander, & UnitTraining PlansDe-conflicted Training SchedulesIMPROVENAVY WARFAREREADINESSAssessmentsExecutionCommander Assesses Training Effectiveness & Navy Training ReadinessTraining Conducted & EvaluatedTraining Events Based on Output ofPlans PhaseAbility to Meet Navy Standards: Strengths /Weakness in Doctrine, Organization, Training,Materiel & EducationThis Phase Produces:Overall Training & Mission ProficiencyAssessmentsKey Issues & Lessons LearnedThis Phase Produces:Training Proficiency AssessmentsAfter Action ReportsKey Issues & Lessons Learned
20SUMMARY UJTL-UNTL A new “Language” Mission Analysis yields Mission Essential Task List (METL)Tasks, Conditions and StandardsStandards include Measures and CriteriaMetrics are required above NMETL standardsNWTS process is a “universal” continuous improvement modelChanged “Measures” to standards and shortened bullet
21Mission Analysis to NMETL Programs FFC N721B can lead on-site NMETL Development Seminars. In a 6 hour program, equip your NMETL development team for success. No cost.“Have (NMETL) Gun, will travel.”FFC N721B has ½ hour Exec Level presentation to excite your boss to become an NMETL Advocate.Direct inquiries to or call