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Prefix- An affix attached before a base word or root, as in re- in reprint. suffix- An affix attached to the end of a base, root, or stem that changes.

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Presentation on theme: "Prefix- An affix attached before a base word or root, as in re- in reprint. suffix- An affix attached to the end of a base, root, or stem that changes."— Presentation transcript:

1 prefix- An affix attached before a base word or root, as in re- in reprint. suffix- An affix attached to the end of a base, root, or stem that changes the meaning or grammatical function of a word, as –en added to form oxen. Academic Content Standards, Ohio Department of Education, pages prefix- An affix attached before a base word or root, as in re- in reprint. suffix- An affix attached to the end of a base, root, or stem that changes the meaning or grammatical function of a word, as –en added to form oxen. Academic Content Standards, Ohio Department of Education, pages 306-7

2 AV 6-6 Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words. We are learning to use prefixes, suffixes, roots to understand the meaning of a word. We are looking for how the beginning, ending, base or root of a word (prefix)(suffix)(root) can help us know what a word means.

3 AV 6-6 Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words. SUFFIXES are those word parts that COME AT THE END of the WORD. Sometimes a suffix will tell you what part of speech a word is. ie, many adverbs end in –ly. Study suffixes carefully! -able, -ible [able, can do] edible, agreeable, visible -age [act of, collection of] salvage, storage, forage -al [relating to] industrial, manual, natural, gradual -ant [performing, agent] assistant, servant

4 AV 6-6 Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words. SUFFIXES are those word parts that COME AT THE END of the WORD. Sometimes a suffix will tell you what part of speech a word is. ie, many adverbs end in –ly. Study suffixes carefully! -ar, -er, -or [one who, that which] doctor, baker, miller, teacher, racer, amplifier -ary, -ery, -ory [relating to, quality, place where] dictionary, dietary, bakery, dormitory, bravery -cian [having a skill or art] musician, beautician, magician, physician -cide [kill] homicide, pesticide, genocide -ic [nature of, like] metallic, heroic, poetic, acidic

5 AV 6-6 Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words. SUFFIXES are those word parts that COME AT THE END of the WORD. Sometimes a suffix will tell you what part of speech a word is. ie, many adverbs end in –ly. Study suffixes carefully! -ion, -sion, -tion [act of, state of] action, injection, infection, tension, extension -less [without] artless, fearless, hopeless, helpless -ly [like, manner of] carelessly, hopelessly, truly -ology [study of] biology, anthropology, theology, ornithology, neurology, geology -ward [direction] forward, backward, westward

6 AV 6-6 Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words. Word Math--- vis [La-to look or see]il,ir,in,im [not] able, ible [capable or worthy of] VISIBLE IN VISIBLE IN

7 Word Math--- hypo [under] AV 6-6 Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words. derm [skin] ic [nature of, like] DERMIC HYPO

8 Suffixes Guidelines: A suffix is a letter, or group of letters, that is added to the end of a root (base) word. The most common suffixes are -s, -ed, -ing, -ly, and -tion. Let’s see…

9 #1. -s, -es 31% Used to make plural nouns. school- schools baby- babies fraction- fractions flute- flutes

10 #2. -ed 20% used to make past-tense verbs Today, I listen to my iPod. Yesterday, I listened to my iPod. I bake a cake. I baked a cake. She wraps the gift. She wrapped the gift.

11 #3. -ing 14%verb form/present participle They run. They are running. They were running. They have been running. They will have been running. He slides. He is sliding. He was sliding. He has been sliding.

12 #4. -ly 7% characteristic of (adverb). ran how? - ran quickly adverb arrived how? -arrived promptly adverb floated downstream how? -floated downstream lazily adverb quick-quicklyprompt-promptly lazy-lazily

13 #5. -er, -or 4% one who does, or is connected with… One who does law. He prospects for gold. She bakes cakes. He wraps gifts. lawyer prospector baker wrapper She leads the orchestra. conductor leader

14 #5. -ion, -tion, -ation, -ition 4%act, process evaporate condense institute admonish evaporation condensation institution admonition tense tension

15 -s, -es31% -ed20% -ing14% -ly 7% -er, -or 4% -ion, -tion, -ation, -ition 4% 80%

16 -s, -es31% -ed20% -ing14% -ly 7% -er, -or 4% -ion, -tion, -ation, -ition 4% 80% I hope you have noticed how suffixes are added to roots—there are three common transitions from the root form. Aye, but that’s a word study lesson or two me lads and lassies!!! Get yourselves ready for groups… snack if you’re not at the blue table!

17 AV 6-6 Apply the knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots and their various inflections to analyze the meanings of words. Use your WRITE SOURCE 2000: PREFIXES—pages SUFFIXES—page 331 ROOTS—pages


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