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Objectives 1.You will identify what is meant by the term ‘suffix’. 2.You will identify and demonstrate the function of the most common suffixes.

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Presentation on theme: "Objectives 1.You will identify what is meant by the term ‘suffix’. 2.You will identify and demonstrate the function of the most common suffixes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Objectives 1.You will identify what is meant by the term ‘suffix’. 2.You will identify and demonstrate the function of the most common suffixes.

2 Most Frequent Suffixes Word Endings You Can Really Use Developed by Ivan Seneviratne

3 What are Suffixes? A suffix is a word part that can be attached to the end of a base word or a root word to form a new word. They are last syllables like “ed” and “ly” that have their own meaning. base word + suffix

4 Example It was hard to find a hotel vacancy in the crowded city. The word vacancy is made up of the base word vacant “meaning not occupied”, and the suffix -ancy, meaning “state or quality of”. By combining the meaning of the two, the reader can determine that the meaning for vacancy is “the state of being unoccupied”.

5 Why do we learn suffixes? Word endings add meaning to many thousands of words. If you learn a few common suffixes, you open up the meaning of many thousands of words. The four most frequent suffixes represent 97% of all words with suffixes!

6 Derivational suffixes Noun Suffixes Adjective Suffixes Verb Suffixes Adverb Suffixes Inflectional Suffixes Change the number Change verb tense Change the degree Kinds of Suffixe s

7 Inflectional Suffixes Inflectional suffixes, can be added to… nouns to change the number, verbs to change the tense and adjectives to change the degree of comparison

8 Inflectional Suffixes

9 Derivational suffixes Derivational suffixes, are added to a root or base word to change the word’s meaning or part of speech. They are divided into four categories:  Noun Suffixes,  Adjective Suffixes,  Verb Suffixes and  Adverb Suffixes.

10 Noun Suffixes

11 Adjective Suffixes

12 Verb Suffixes

13 Adverb Suffixes

14 Suffix Spelling Rule 1 If the suffix begins with a consonant the root will need a combining vowel before attaching to the suffix. Example Word : cardiogram Breakdown of word : cardi/o/gram Root = cardi Combining vowel = o Suffix = gram

15 Suffix Spelling Rule 2 If the suffix begins with a vowel the root will attach directly to it. Example Word : cardialgia Breakdown of word : cardi/algia Root = cardi Suffix = algia

16 The Common Suffixes Which four endings are the most used? -edpast verb -er comparative, -er/orone who -ingpresent participle -tionhaving -mentaction, process -lyhaving -fulfull of -splural

17 Let’s View the Top Suffixes -able, ible = can be done : doable -al, ial = has property of : personal -ed = past verb : turned -en = made of : golden -er = comparative : higher -er = one who : doer, actor -est = superlative : best, biggest

18 Your Turn!!! 1.Your current vocabulary is question__. 2.My car is mine; it is my own__ property. 3.Yesterday Abdul park__ his Honda there. 4.The chairs in those rooms are wood__. 5.Gas costs now are high__ than yesterday. 6.An act__ in the movie Star Wars is Luke. 7.Advanced Writing is the high__ ESL course.

19 Let’s View the Top Suffixes –ful = full of : careful, joyful –ic = having property of : linguistic –ing = present participle : running –(t)ion = act, process : action –(i)ty = state of : infinity, sanity –(t)ive = adjective : motive, votive –less = without : fearless, careless

20 Your Turn!!! 1.Are you care__ when you write papers? 2.ESL is the most fantast__ course of all. 3.Are you learn__ the top 20 suffixes? 4.Where’s he going? What’s his destina__? 5.If we over-learn, do we keep our sani__? 6.What is Chen’s mot__ for taking math? 7.Don’t be too care__ when you write the paragraphs for our course.

21 Let’s View the Top Suffixes –ly = having : quickly, quietly –ment = action, process : enjoyment –ness = state of : kindness –ous = having : joyous, religious –s = more than one : books –y = having : happy, windy

22 Your Turn!!! 1.Tina took the car since she want__ it. 2.Now the car is run__ down the road. 3.Tina is in a hurry; she’s driving quick__. 4.Do you think that she has any ticket__? 5.Is learning the most used suffixes do__? 6.Is your own private property person__? 7.Are you smart__ now than last year? 8.Are you the smart__ student in class?

23 This presentation is developed by Ivan Seneviratne © 2007 purely for personal use.


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