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Chris Orr Period 4 3,000 B.C.-362 B.C.. Geography  Capital of the city state Lacedaemon  Located in the center of Peloponnese  Next to the river Evrotas.

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Presentation on theme: "Chris Orr Period 4 3,000 B.C.-362 B.C.. Geography  Capital of the city state Lacedaemon  Located in the center of Peloponnese  Next to the river Evrotas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chris Orr Period 4 3,000 B.C.-362 B.C.

2 Geography  Capital of the city state Lacedaemon  Located in the center of Peloponnese  Next to the river Evrotas  Sparta was in a mountainous area  There were hot and dry summers  Rain only fell in the winter

3 Food Source  The Helots farmed  They grew wheat barley and they made bread  Meat was ate seldom  Fish was eaten a lot  Figs, olives, and grapes were grown

4 Government  Had a mix of a monarchy and a oligarchy and a democracy later on  Two kings and there was a council  Two kings could not command the same fighting force  Kings were political leaders, they had veto power over the council (they could tell the council no)

5 Government  The Kings were also religious leaders as well  There were overseers that sometimes had power over the kings  The overseers managed a secret service  Sparta founded the first democracy ever, they had a democracy 50 year before Athens

6 Religion  Worshipped Greek Gods  They may have wore ceremonial masking for their transition of a child to a man  Artemis and Athena were the patron goddess of Sparta  Spartans held festivals, temple dedications, and ritualistic sacrifices

7 Daily Life  Men were encouraged to marry they could be publicly shamed if they did not  All Spartan men were soldiers until age 60  The training boys went through was called Agoge, it started when they were 7 and ended when they 20

8 Architecture  Sparta based its architecture off the Dorians  There is very little Spartan architecture still standing  They used Doric pillars  Sparta was made up of small villages  A famous example of Spartan architecture is the temple of Artemis Orthia

9 Social Structure  Three classes  Spartans-full citizens  Helots-slaves  Periocei-Not citizens or slaves, made weapons for Spartans  Spartans could kill Helots for being too fit or too smart  Women could own property and they cooked, cleaned, and made clothes  Men’s possible occupations- solider  Women had more freedom and could own property

10 Writing  Wrote and spoke Greek  Spartan boys learned to write at age 14  They wrote information on tablets

11 Technology  Made statute offerings out of lead and pored them in to molds  The Spartans were good making things out of ivory  Spartans used iron bars as currency  They also had some coins  Spartans spoke Greek

12 Technology  The Spartans primarily used spears and their famous spears  Sparta invented democracy

13 The Arts  In early times ivory from Sparta was high in demand  Spartans made beautiful pottery before all they had was military strength.  Spartans used to be renown for their music and dance

14 Legacy  Had a fierce-some army  The strict military training called Agoge  Fit men and women

15 Works Consulted   ancient_greece/daily_life.htm   


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