Presentation on theme: "Athens and Sparta. Sparta Located on the southern tip of the Peloponnesus. Sparta was a military, or warlike city-state. It had little trade with other."— Presentation transcript:
Sparta Located on the southern tip of the Peloponnesus. Sparta was a military, or warlike city-state. It had little trade with other city-states and did not set up colonies. –It gained wealth by conquering city-states around it. The Spartans were cruel to the people they conquered. –The conquered people were forced to become slaves called helots. –Helots had to farm the land and honor the Spartan polis (city- state). –The Spartans had absolute power. In order to avoid a revolt by the Helots, the Spartans created a powerful and strong army. They adopted a harsh code of laws designed to protect themselves from the large helot population.
Life in Sparta Life was harsh. –Everything was controlled by the military government. The government wanted only the best people in Spartan society. –Warriors would examine Spartan babies to see if they were strong or weak. –If the child was considered strong it would live, if not it would die. Spartan boys began military training at the age of seven. –They learned to use spears and swords. –They did not wear clothing or shoes. –Their beds were piles of straw. –They ate plain food. Spartan girls wrestled and played sports. –They were trained to defend the city-state. –They ran the estate when their husbands served. –Women had many rights, but were not allowed to vote.
Athens Athens is on the peninsula of Attica. Its location near the sea helped it grow as a center for trade. Artisans flocked to Athens to practice their crafts. Athenians were skillful sailors. The Athenian polis became an exciting place to be. –New ideas were welcome. –Freedom was cherished in this city-state. Athenians believed that life was empty unless people tried to gain new knowledge and live freely.
Life in Athens Shops, temples, and government buildings surround the agora. Children would explore the fruit stands while young men waited for their teachers. Merchants from all over the world gathered in the agora to sell their goods. Tables are piled high with vegetables and fruits. Beautiful pottery is sold as well as fine jewelry and sweet perfumes.
The Acropolis The people of Athens built one of the world’s most magnificent landmarks of civilization. This structure had a special, religious purpose. The Parthenon is the largest building on the Acropolis. –It was a temple dedicated to Athena, the goddess of wisdom and the protector of Athens.