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Age of Exploration: Ch. 15. What ideas/thoughts/movements from Chapters 13&14 may have led to the Age of Exploration? 5+lines.

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Presentation on theme: "Age of Exploration: Ch. 15. What ideas/thoughts/movements from Chapters 13&14 may have led to the Age of Exploration? 5+lines."— Presentation transcript:

1 Age of Exploration: Ch. 15

2 What ideas/thoughts/movements from Chapters 13&14 may have led to the Age of Exploration? 5+lines

3 Trade from 7 th to 15 th Century  Afro-Eurasian Trade World  Indian Ocean: the center of this Network  Marco Polo:  China = most advanced economy – Led exploration – Zheng He:  Africa: Main source of gold and slaves  Middle East: Persian Safavids and Turkish Ottomans

4 The Three G’s Religious EconomicPolitical Causes of European Expansion

5 Technology and the Rise of Exploration 1. New Technology a. The Astrolabe b. The Magnetic Compass c. The Quadrant or Backstaff 2. Improvements in Cartography a. Ptolemy’s geography b. Knowledge of Earth expanded c. Maps produced were more accurate 3. Stronger Ships a. Caravel b. Lateen (triangular) Sails c. Shallow Keel

6 Waldseemüller World Map This is the first map that labels the New World as “America,” in honor of Amerigo Vespucci. Published in 1507.

7 The European Voyages of Discovery A. The Portuguese Overseas Empire 1. Favorable Geography 2. Henry the Navigator (1394–1460) 3. Vasco da Gama

8 How did these explorations begin?  “Prince Henry the Navigator”  Started an institute for seafaring and exploring; schools of seamanship!  Combined ship technology learned from Islam with new European innovations

9 Vasco Da Gama  Born: c  Birthplace: Sines, Portugal  Died: 24 December 1524  Best Known As: Portuguese explorer who opened up the first sea route to India.

10 Christopher Columbus  1492 “Columbus sailed the ocean blue  Sponsor: Spain  Wanted to find a western route to Asia  Small ships, weather, and disease were obstacles  First European to discover a sea route to America. Discovered “New World”

11 Columbus’ Four Voyages

12 Line of Demarcation:1493  After Columbus returned, Pope Alexander VI (r ), a Spaniard, established a line to distinguish Spanish & Portuguese claims

13 In 1492 Columbus Sails the Ocean Blue..  Video: – List two outcomes of Columbus’ voyage to the Americas while watching this video – Who were the King and Queen of Spain?

14 Columbus reaches the “New World”

15 Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery”

16 Columbus reaches the “New World” Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery” The French, English, and Dutch send explorers in search of a Northwest Passage to Asia.

17 Columbus reaches the “New World” Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery” Fierce competition ensues between European nations to claim and settle land in the “New World.” The French, English, and Dutch send explorers in search of a Northwest Passage to Asia.

18 Columbus reaches the “New World” Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery” American Indians are displaced, killed in battle over territory, and enslaved. Fierce competition ensues between European nations to claim and settle land in the “New World.” The French, English, and Dutch send explorers in search of a Northwest Passage to Asia.

19 Columbus reaches the “New World” Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery” American Indians are displaced, killed in battle over territory, and enslaved. The Columbian Exchange begins Fierce competition ensues between European nations to claim and settle land in the “New World.” The French, English, and Dutch send explorers in search of a Northwest Passage to Asia.

20 Columbus reaches the “New World” Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery” American Indians are displaced, killed in battle over territory, and enslaved. The Columbian Exchange begins Europeans brought many items with them that were previously unknown in the Western Hemisphere.* Fierce competition ensues between European nations to claim and settle land in the “New World.” The French, English, and Dutch send explorers in search of a Northwest Passage to Asia.

21 Columbus reaches the “New World” Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery” American Indians are displaced, killed in battle over territory, and enslaved. The Columbian Exchange begins Europeans brought many items with them that were previously unknown in the Western Hemisphere. Fierce competition ensues between European nations to claim and settle land in the “New World.” Europeans brought home many items previously unknown in the Eastern Hemisphere.* The French, English, and Dutch send explorers in search of a Northwest Passage to Asia.

22 Columbus reaches the “New World” Other European nations begin funding “voyages of discovery” American Indians are displaced, killed in battle over territory, and enslaved. The Columbian Exchange begins Europeans brought many items with them that were previously unknown in the Western Hemisphere. Fierce competition ensues between European nations to claim and settle land in the “New World.” Europeans brought home many items previously unknown in the Eastern Hemisphere. Millions of American Indians die from European diseases. The French, English, and Dutch send explorers in search of a Northwest Passage to Asia.

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24 Effects of Exploration Good:  Doors to the Americas were opened  A ‘New World’ was discovered Bad:  Natives got diseases that killed them  Natives lost their freedom, customs and pride  “Price Revolution”


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