Presentation on theme: " The Age of Exploration refers that time from the 1400s-1600s when many explorers took great risks to sail the seas and explore unknown lands. What things."— Presentation transcript:
The Age of Exploration refers that time from the 1400s-1600s when many explorers took great risks to sail the seas and explore unknown lands. What things would have motivated them to do this? Try to list 3-5 ideas.
A new age of European exploration, discovery, expansion, and settlement began in the 1400s. What was going on at that time??? Renaissance Population Increase Centralization of Power (State-building) New technology
GOD Desire to spread Christianity to the “uncivilized.” GOLD Find gold, spices, and other riches. GLORY To become famous; associated with Renaissance spirit of curiosity
First explorers – looking for a new trade route to Asia. Land – too long and too dangerous Arabs and Italians were the middlemen between Europe and East Asia. Merchants wanted to bypass them and find a direct route. How? Go around tip of Africa.
Extremely valuable Were used to preserve and flavor food, in medicine, and in perfume. Where? Moluccas – island chain in present-day Indonesia. “Spice Islands” How? New technology and improved knowledge (prior to 1400s, ships could not sail against wind) Caravel, astrolabe, magnetic compass, better maps, better knowledge of wind patterns.
Portugal led the way in the Age of Exploration. Location – already traded along coast of Africa Traded gold, ivory, slaves Prince Henry – founded a school for navigators in 1419. Bartolomeu Dias – 1488 – first person to round the southern tip of Africa – Cape of Good Hope Vasco da Gama – 1498 – first person to reach India by this route Very profitable…several thousand % (ginger, cinnamon)
Portugal’s success in Asia made other countries jealous, especially Spain. Christopher Columbus Rejected by Portugal, sponsored by Ferdinand and Isabella His idea: sail west across the Atlantic to reach Asia Thought it would only take a few weeks Underestimated the circumference of the Earth Didn’t know the Americas existed Left Spain in August 1492; reached land on Oct 12.
Believed he had reached the East Indies. “Indians” Was really in the Bahamas. Made 3 return visits; claimed land for Spain; exploitation of natives; empire building Why America? Amerigo Vespucci Columbus died in 1506, still believing he had reached Asia. Line of Demarcation/Treaty of Tordesillas
Was Portuguese but sailed for Spain Left Spain on Sept 20, 1519 5 ships; 277 men 1 ship was lost along the coast of S America 1 ship (most supplies) mutinied Strait of Magellan – Pacific Ocean Ate rats, maggots, and sawdust to survive Scurvy was common (rotted gums, gangrene) 3 ships made it to the Philippines. 3 G’s accomplished.
Spread Christianity to natives after performing a faith healing on the king’s brother Set up trade with the king Trade route west to Asia Magellan was killed in battle here. Only 1 ship (Victoria) makes it back to Spain in 1522 with 18 men.