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Costume Design Notes Anything in RED will be on a test or quiz.

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1 Costume Design Notes Anything in RED will be on a test or quiz

2 Costume design is the fabrication of apparel for the overall appearance of a ______________ or performer. This usually involves researching, designing and _________________the actual items from conception. Character building

3 Costumes may be for a theater or cinema performance but may not be limited to such. Four types of costumes are used in theatrical design, ________, _________, _________, and ________. Historicalfantastic dancemodern

4 Historical Costumes

5 Fantastic/Fantasy Costumes

6 Dance Costumes

7 Modern Costumes

8 Designs are first sketched out and ___________________, then either draped on a form or a pattern drafted. Along with the fabricated portion, the costume may require accessories such as _______________, ________________ and head dresses for the actors to wear, but it may also include designing ____________________, _____________________, ___________________, _____________________ or other unusual specialty items, such as the full body animal suits for the characters in the musical Cats. approved footwear hats masks makeupwigs underwear


10 In its earliest form, costumes consisted of theatrical ___________ _______________ from the time of the ancient Greeks. Costume design evolved as the need for more _____________ and ____________ characterizations were needed as the performances became more intricate and more complex characters began to emerge on stage. Defining each character ____________________ allows the audience the ability to follow a storyline. Prop masks elaborate detailed separately

11 Early performers were generally ______________, therefore costuming was needed for gender disguise so as to create the ___________________ of the opposite sex. Costuming also helps create other character building imagery such as _____________. male illusion age

12 The __________________ characters will have more detail and design to make them stand out and relate a sense of trust to the ________________. leading audience

13 Styles and technique has changed over the centuries but have maintained basic principles of clothing design geared to _________________ the characters through their clothing. The designer meets the _____________, measuring each performer and making certain that the costumes will be appropriate for each individual. stereotype cast

14 Set Design Notes Anything in RED will be on a test or quiz

15 Scenic design (also known as __________ design, ___________ design or _______________ design) is the creation of theatrical scenery. Scenic designers have traditionally come from a variety of _____________ backgrounds, but nowadays, generally speaking, they are trained _______________ often with M.F.A. (Master’s of Fine Arts) degrees in theatre arts. stage artistic productionset professionals

16 The scenic designer is responsible for collaborating with the ____________________and other members of the production design team to create an environment for the production and then communicating the details of this environment to the _______________ director and ___________________ master. director props technical

17 Scenic designers are responsible for creating _______________ of the scenery, renderings, and paint elevations as part of their communication with other production staff. Scale models

18 Scale Models

19 Designer Renderings (drawings)


21 Paint Elevations


23 Theatrical scenery is that which is used as a setting for a theatrical ______________. Scenery may be just about anything, from a single __________ to an elaborately re-created ______________ no matter how large or how small, whether or not the item was custom-made or is, in fact, the genuine item, appropriated for theatrical use. production chair street

24 The history of theatrical scenery is as old as the _____________ itself. What we tend to think of as 'traditional scenery', (two- dimensional canvas-covered 'flats' painted to resemble a three-dimensional surface or vista), is in fact a relatively recent ________________ in the history of theatre. theatre innovation

25 By the __________________ era, the occasional painted backdrop or theatrical prop was in evidence, but the show itself was written so as not to rely on such items to convey itself to the audience. Shakespearean

26 Types of Scenery: Constructing theatrical scenery is often the most ________ ______________ part of a show, apart from memorizing lines. This is why many theaters have a place for ____________ scenery (such as a loft) so that it can be used again for ___________ __________. Since the next show is often unknown, non-temporary theatres will often construct certain types of scenery that can be easily _____________ to fit a show. These types include: Time consuming storing shows multiple adapted

27 _____________, short for ______________________, are flat pieces of theatrical scenery which are painted and positioned on stage so as to give the appearance of ________________ or other __________________. Flats can be soft or hard covered. Soft covered flats (covered with ______________or ______________) have changed little from their origin in the Italian Renaissance. Flats scenery flats buildingsbackgrounds muslincanvas

28 Usually flats are built in standard sizes of ______, _______, or _________ feet tall so that walls or other scenery may easily be constructed, and so that flats may be stored and reused for subsequent productions. Often affixed to battens flown in from the fly tower or __________ for the scenes in which they are used, they may also be stored at the sides of the stage, called _____________, and braced to the floor when in use for an entire performance. 12 8 10 loft wings


30 A _______ ___________ is a system of lines, counterweights, pulleys, and other such tools within a theatre designed to allow a technical crew to quickly move set pieces, lights, and microphones on and off stage by ‘_________’ them in from a large opening above the stage known as a fly tower, flyspace, or flyloft. fly system flying

31 Your Choice: Friday, Jan. 10th Costume/Set Design TEST (Fri. 5/9 – THIS Friday) Worth 32 pts Mostly essay (8 essays) Some fill-in the blank from these notes Will have time in class to study CREATE a costume and set design (Mon. 5/12 – a week from today) Worth 32 pts Will have time in class to work Templates and Packet available on Ms. Gestner’s website, here - Costume and Set Design Packet

32 Creating a Costume / Set Design Pick a character from the Miracle Worker and design a costume for him/her Helen, Annie, Kate, Viney, Martha, Percy, Keller, James, Aunt Ev Pick a scene from the Miracle Worker and design what the set would look like during that scene Breakfast scene, Garden House, Final scene at the pump, Meeting Annie at the train station, etc… You will also need to complete written reasoning for your choices, and why they work for the character/scene Everything must be in color! You are not graded on your artistic ability, but you should be able to communicate your idea through your drawings. If you cannot do that, this may not be the best option for you.  You could make a scale model with a shoe box! Include notes on your drawings 

33 Taking the Costume/ Set Design Test Will include fill-in the blanks from the notes we just took The majority of the test will be essay questions about The Miracle Worker, Into the Woods and Diary of Anne Frank Questions will be related to choices made in costumes/sets Will need to justify your answers in detailed paragraph form

34 Behind the Scenes: Shrek: Set and Lighting Design Wicked: Costume Design

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