Presentation on theme: "Who’s Who: The Set Designer November 12, 2014. The set designer’s job is to take the audience on a visual journey by creating the world of the play. Everything."— Presentation transcript:
The set designer’s job is to take the audience on a visual journey by creating the world of the play. Everything on the stage except the actors and what they are wearing is a creation of the set designer. Sometimes stage sets and scenery are very literal, meaning they look like real life. Other times the scenery is there to evoke a feeling about a place—or to suggest no place at all. It might just be a pile of dirt or blue carpeting across the floor.
The Challenge The designer’s challenge is that he can’t move the audience around, so he has to think about how to position the scenery to give the audience the best view. When you see a movie, the camera—the point of view--is always moving, but with a play the point of view doesn’t change because you aren’t moving.
Style of Theatre The set designer also needs to think about what style of theatre his set will be on. He designs a very different set for a thrust stage than he does for a proscenium.
How many sets? Some plays have one set. Other plays, like Peter Pan, have many sets that change during the performance. The designer not only has to figure out what is onstage, but also how it all fits backstage.
The Scenery Sometimes scenery is designed to move behind the curtain, where you can’t see how it is done. Other times it is moved by people or machines—or even sometimes by the actors right in front of you. These are all choices the designer and the director make to communicate what they want you to think and feel about the world they are creating.
Who’s my partner? The scenic designer and the lighting designer depend on each other a great deal. Without the lighting designer, no one would see the set. Lighting can also make the set look glorious or terrible. On the flip side, if there is not set, the lighting designer has very little to light.
Set Models Set designers create set models to show what the set will look like. Set models are doll-house versions of what will become the full set of a show. These are very valuable tools that help the designer show the producer, director, and choreographer what the show will look like, and how and where all the scenery will move. Set models help the director visualize where he will put the actors before the scenery is built, and they act as a guide for the people who will build the life-size set.
Your Turn… Pretend that you are a set designer and you get to create the room of your dreams. Think outside the box…go extreme! This is your chance to create an extraordinary room!!! Your room needs to have at least 2 entrances/exits, furniture for 3 people to sit and COLOR!
The Costume Design A costume is everything the actor wears and is an important part of telling a story on stage. The costume can range from a beautiful hand- beaded dress or shiny tuxedo to a complex body suit that makes an actor look like an ape.
The Costume Designer A costume can include masks and stilts, as with Julie Taymor’s giraffe costumes in “The Lion King.” How the costume looks and how it moves on stage are decisions made by the costume designer.
What costumes say… Theatrical costumes tell the audience about the characters they are watching: Whether they are young or old, a boy or girl, a doctor or a ditchdigger, rich or poor, shy or wild. Ex: You see a girl in a long white gown with a veil and a bouquet of flowers…Who is she? Same girl, same dress covered in mud, you can be sure that something went wrong.
Time and Place Costumes are often used to show the audience that the play takes place in a certain historical period or in a special location in the world—or out of it.
The Steps 1.The Sketch a.The designer will sketch their concept. b.Get director approval. 2.The Build a.Patterns are made and stitchers sew. 3.The Fitting a. Actors try on the costumes and adjustments are made. 4.Ready for Stage
Your Turn Pretend you are a Costume Designer and design a costume. Use the provided handout. Use your imagination and think outside the box. Be VERY creative! Use color!
Hair and Wigs Wigs are head coverings made of real or artificial hair. Wigs aren’t just to cover bald heads, they help to create character.
Let’s Face It… …Wigs can be worn on the face too. Wigging also includes bald caps!!!
The Makeup Designer The makeup designer decides what each character will look like. Most actors are trained to do their own makeup, but extreme makeup designs take a long time to put on and more than one person to help.
Where? Some makeup is worn on the body. This is, logically, called body makeup. Body makeup takes a long time to put on and is almost impossible to use in a show with a lot of costume changes.
Face makeup… In “The Lion King, some actors change their face makeup more than a dozen times during the show, just like costumes. Some makeup designs, like that of the wise baboon, Rafiki, takes hours to apply.
Makeup Crew The makeup crew recreates the makeup designer’s creations nightly. They also make sure all the actors who apply their own makeup are doing it correctly and have the supplies they need to get it done.
Crew Cont. The makeup crew helps actors in their dressing rooms, in the makeup room or backstage in the dark between scenes. It is very common for makeup artists to hold small “bite-lites” in their mouth, pointed at an actor’s face while they quickly make adjustments or changes backstage. Makeup Crews require specialized training, and most great makeup designers started working on a crew.
Your Turn… Pretend that you are a Makeup Designer. Design makeup for a Fantasy Creature (Elf, Fairy, Mermaid, Monster, etc…) Focus on the FACE!!! Use the provided handout Your drawing must include color!