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Born to Win You cannot teach a man anything. You can only help him discover it within himself. (Galileo Galilei)

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Presentation on theme: "Born to Win You cannot teach a man anything. You can only help him discover it within himself. (Galileo Galilei)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Born to Win You cannot teach a man anything. You can only help him discover it within himself. (Galileo Galilei)

2 Pre-reading task — a self diagnosis Are you a winner or loser according to the passage? Discussion should go like this: I think I am the “winner” category, because … I think I am definitely a loser, because… I am neither / it’s really hard to say, for… ……

3 Winner or loser —a structural lens

4 Para 1 —each human being is born a winner Blank filling: Each human being is born as ________________ Each person is born with ____________ A normal person can _________________________ Each has his own ___________ Each can be an _____________________________________ person in his own right----a WINNER. sth. unique what he needs to win at life see, hear, touch, taste, and think for himself unique potentials—his capabilities and limitations. important, thinking, aware, and creatively productive

5 A Dilemma in education or helping: 浑沌之死 浑沌之死 Are we making winners or losers? Do we win if we make someone different? What does a “winner” mean?

6 Para 2-3: what a winner / loser means Paraphrasing: A winner is NOT one who__________________________ but one who___________________ A loser is one who___________ A winner or loser, it’s just a matter of _____________. Being a winner means one has greater ___________ for becoming___________ defeat s / dominate s/ makes others losers responds genuinely / trustworthy / responsive fails to respond genuinely degree chances even more so

7 Para 4: What makes a winner different from a loser Achievement? not the most important Genuineness is! Genuineness & uniqueness?

8 Para 5-6 characteristics of a winner (what makes one a winner) How a winner processes thinking and knowing: (cognition) Not afraid to …own thinking / Use...own knowledge Separate facts from opinions / not pretend to know … Listens / evaluate… / comes to..own conclusions

9 Para 5-6 characteristics of a winner (what makes one a winner) How a winner does things: (value for life) Flexible Love for life (peace of mind) How a winner sees the world: (value for world) cares Not to separate (to connect) … To improve To hope

10 Reflection time What is the best quality in a winner that you admire? What are the qualities in a winner that you lack?

11 Para 8-9 characteristics of a loser (what makes a loser) Characteristics of a loser: Lack independence Have trouble in expressing / making choices Be timid of trying Repeats mistakes! Have difficulty in loving Possible causes of being a loser:

12 Refection time Who are you thinking of when you are reading these words? Any arguments / criticism / examples?

13 ( extra questions )  How to avoid being a loser?  Why a loser becomes a loser?  --a loser is always negative  --a loser doesn ’ t want to be complete  --a loser refuses to see the (obvious) truth  --a loser chooses to stay in disorder  --a loser loves to be a loser (there must be some benefits being a loser … or not … )  --to be a loser or winner is barely a choice … (you disagree?)

14 Sentence patterns

15 Parallel Without guilt he enjoys his own accomplishments. Without envy he enjoys the accomplishments of others. (L ) Imitation: With the reborn spirit she carried on with her project. With a lot of support from her friends, she got it accomplished / done at an amazing speed.

16 Making contrast When we refer to a person as a winner, we do not mean one who defeats the other person by dominating and making him lose. Instead a winner is one who responds genuinely by being trustworthy and responsive, both as an individual and as a member of a society. (para 2) He does not enter into close, honest, direct relationships with others. Instead, he tries to manipulate them into living up to his expectations and channels his energies into living up to their expectations. (para 10 )

17 Making contrast 2 Achievement is not the most important thing for winners; genuineness is. (para 3) Winners successfully make the change from dependence to independence. Losers do not. (para 8)

18 Words elaboration A normal person can see, hear, touch, taste, and think for himself. (para1) Each can be an important, thinking, aware, and creatively productive person in his own right—a winner. (para 1) Poor nutrition, cruelty, unhappy relationships, disease, continuing disappointments, and inadequate physical care are among the many experiences that contribute to making people losers. (para 8)

19 Facts elaboration: Find out examples for yourself

20 Exercises Vocabulary & translation

21 The End

22 浑沌之死 浑沌之死 from 《庄子》  南海之帝为倏,北海之帝为忽,中央之帝为浑沌。  倏与忽时相与遇于浑沌之地,浑沌待之甚善。  倏与忽谋报浑沌之德,曰: “ 人皆有七窍以视听食 息,此独无有,尝试凿之。 ”  日凿一窍,七日而浑沌死。


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