Presentation on theme: "Selflessness, Egoism and Free Will"— Presentation transcript:
1Selflessness, Egoism and Free Will Developing Themes in Anthem
2SelflessnessSelflessness, the lack of self, is essential in a collectivist societyA selfless person in a collective society doesn’t disagree, has no independent thoughts, doesn’t ask questions and does nothing to set him/herself apart.
3To be selflessone must abstain from thinkingand obey one’s master
4To survive in a collectivist society one must merge himself into the groupby obliterating individual identityand individual thought
5The result?Anthem is an example of a society riddled with selflessnessIts citizens have no motivation, no ambition and no hope
6Its citizens are unable to create anything The society within Anthem provides no room for creativity and innovation
7Egoism Egoism is the concern with one’s own interests Egoism means that oneself, rather than others, benefits most from one’s actions
8Equality “lives for his own happiness; he doesn’t sacrifice himself to others, nor does he sacrifice others to himself. The egoism he manifests is exactly what the leaders try to eradicate; ambition, wanting things for oneself, wanting to learn, wanting a career that makes him happy, loving someone, thinking for himself” -Penguin Group Anthem notes
9Free WillFree will is the belief that man can make their own choices, make up their own mind, make decisions and can direct their own lives by the ideas and values they adopt
10In Anthem, Equality uses his own judgment to make decisions instead of the beliefs of his society. Equality represents Rand’s view that man has the power to think and direct his own life.
11Discussion Questions Is it really a bad thing to be selfless? Our society has a negative connotation for the word “ego”. How do you feel about someone who has an “ego”?We assume Equality has free will. Do others in the society have free will also?