2#43. According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government does NOT include A protecting the nation from foreign threats.B delivering the mail.C collecting customs duties.D expanding domestic taxes.
4A Aaron Burr’s B John Marshall’s C John Adams’ D James Madison’s #44 In the hotly contested election of 1800, whose supporters claimed that a Thomas Jefferson presidency would bring to America the chaos of the French Revolution?A Aaron Burr’sB John Marshall’sC John Adams’D James Madison’s
6#45 A voter in 1800 would have cast his ballot against the Republicans for which of the following reasons?A The Republican candidate was a dangerously pro-British radical.B The Alien and Sedition Acts were obviously wrong and had to be abolished.C The Republican candidate was arguably against organized religion.D The Federalist candidate was clearly a more influential speaker.
7C The Republican candidate was arguably against organized religion.
8#46 Which of the following was a major theme of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address? A uniting Republicans and FederalistsB increasing the size of governmentC improving the capital’s infrastructureD repaying the national debt
10#47 Which of the following statements does NOT reflect the significance of Marbury v. Madison? A It confirmed the Supreme Court’s power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.B It established the power of judicial review.C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it.D It helped make the judicial branch equal to the other two branches.
11C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it.
12#48 The Louisiana Purchase was significant to the United States because A it nearly doubled the size of the country.B it helped the United States challenge British power in North AmericaC it set a precedent regarding the purchase of territory without congressional approval.D it took New Orleans out of Spain’s control.
16#50 French leader Napoleon Bonaparte was so eager to get rid of his American territories that when America’s ambassador tried to buy New Orleans, the French offered to sell all of Louisiana for $15 million. Which of the following statements does not describes Napoleon's strategic reasoning behind this move?A France was at war with the British and thought that an expanded U.S. would humble England’s pride sooner or later.B Napoleon needed the $15 million from the sale to reinforce his military in the fight against the British, France’s greatest enemy.C A slave revolt on the island of Hispaniola had dashed Napoleon’s hopes of rebuilding France’s empire in North America, so he didn’t mind giving up the Louisiana territory.D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.
17D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.
18#51 The Lewis and Clark expedition was undertaken in order to explore the Louisiana Purchase, learn about the plants and animals of the West, andA provide Americans with their first accounts of the Northwest.B establish the Corps of Discovery.C form alliances with American Indian tribesD attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
19D attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
20#52 Which mountains presented a major obstacle to the Lewis and Clarke expedition? A the Appalachian MountainsB the Sawtooth MountainsC the Rocky MountainsD the Blue Ridge Mountains
22#53 What was the significance of Zebulon Pike’s exploration? A It provided many Americans with their first account of the NorthwestB It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New SpainC It provided a full report of Spanish spying activities in the Southwest.D It inspired mountain climbers to explore the peaks of the Cascade Range.
23B It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain
24#54 As the result of which activity did the United States find itself involved in the war between Britain and France when it broke out in 1803?A patrolling the English Channel with war shipsB shipping goods and war supplies to both countriesC negotiating the Louisiana PurchaseD protecting escaped British sailors from impressment
25B shipping goods and war supplies to both countries
26A Britain. B France. C Europe. D all foreign countries. #55 After a British navy ship targeted an American navy ship in 1807, Great Britain’s violations of U.S. neutrality resulted in the Embargo Act, which banned trade withA Britain.B France.C Europe.D all foreign countries.
28#56 The Embargo Act failed because A the Non-Intercourse Act limited its scope.B the Federalist Party rallied against it.C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.D Spain replaced the loss of U.S. trade with increased trade in South America.
29C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.
30#57 In 1810, the Governor of the Indiana Territory urged Tecumseh to follow the Treaty of Greenville, signed in What was Tecumseh’s reply?A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.”B “If we submit, the independence of the Indians is lost.”C “With the signing of that treaty and the loss of that land, I lost all hope.”D “The chief who signed the white man’s treaty signed away land that was not his. It cannot be yours.”
31A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.”
32#58 Why were U.S. officials worried by Tecumseh’s actions? A Tecumseh's actions broke the Treaty of Greenville.B Tecumseh's actions might have created an Indian confederation.C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British.D Tecumseh's actions inflamed Americans.
33C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British.
34A Battle Axes B Warlords C War Hawks D Redcoats #59 The first young members of Congress to call for a trade war against Britain were calledA Battle AxesB WarlordsC War HawksD Redcoats
36A George Washington B John Adams C Thomas Jefferson D James Madison #60 Who served as president of the United States during the War of 1812?A George WashingtonB John AdamsC Thomas JeffersonD James Madison
38#61 Which of the following does not help to explain why the U. S #61 Which of the following does not help to explain why the U.S. declared war against Britain in 1812?A British trade restrictions hurt southern planters and western farmersB The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the MediterraneanC British impressments were hurting the U.S. economy.D The British had encouraged American Indians to attack settlers in the West
39B The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean
40#62 Which of the following explains why the U. S #62 Which of the following explains why the U.S. Navy defeated the British in the War of 1812?A The U.S. Navy was larger than the British Navy.B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. NavyC The U.S. Navy had many new warships.D U.S. sailors were more experienced than British sailors
41B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. Navy
42#63 Which of the following assertions about the War of 1812 is false? A It produced intense feelings of patriotism among Americans.B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans.C It produced a boom in American manufacturing.D It strengthened Americans’ faith in the democratic experiment.
43B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans.
44#64 The document that ended the War of 1812 was called the ? A Treaty of Fort Jackson.B Treaty of Ghent.C Neutrality Proclamation.D Louisiana Purchase.
48#66 The Treaty of Fort Jackson did which of the following? A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of landB guaranteed American protection from American Indians in the Northwest TerritoriesC gave the U.S. control of American Indian lands along the Tallapoosa RiverD forced Tecumseh to give up his plan to unite American Indian nations
49A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of land
50#67 Why did Britain’s military forces gain strength in April of 1814? A The Queen ended an expedition to South Africa and ordered the ships to the U.S. coast.B Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America.C France released British war prisoners who were soon added to the military ranks.D There was a major decline in numbers of American volunteers.
51B Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America.
52A New Orleans. B Baltimore. C Washington. D New York. # 68 The first thing the British did after their ranks were reinforced in April of 1814 was attack the city ofA New Orleans.B Baltimore.C Washington.D New York.
54#69 American politicians’ fears that a foreign power might take control of the Mississippi might have come true during the Battle of New Orleans, if not for the leadership of a commander who led a mix of soldiers, free African Americans, and Choctaw Indians against the British. What was his name?A Oliver Hazard PerryB Andrew JacksonC Francis Scott KeyD Jean Lafitte
56# 70 In the opinion of the U. S # 70 In the opinion of the U.S., what was the last straw in Britain’s breach of U.S. neutrality during the British-French conflict?A The British stopped and searched American merchant ships to look for deserted sailorsB The British stopped U.S. Navy ships to take run-away sailors back by force.C British sailors who had run from their naval duties boarded American ships.D British boats began to search and seize ships carrying war supplies to France.
57B The British stopped U. S B The British stopped U.S. Navy ships to take run-away sailors back by force.
58#71 Lewis and Clark failed in their expedition in that they did not A collect adequate information about western plants and animals.B survey the Louisiana PurchaseC travel over the Cascade Range on horsebackD find an all river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean
59D find an all river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean
60# 72 Thomas Jefferson and his treasury secretary, Albert Gallatin, reduced government spending in order to repay the national debt. Arguably, this policy weakened the United States’ position in relation to the British because itA abolished domestic taxes that could have funded American troops.B cut the navy to a very small number of active ships.C lowered military spending and reduced the size of the Air Force.D limited the national government to several hundred people
61B cut the navy to a very small number of active ships.
62#73 The Federalists’ plea to end the War of 1812 caused embarrassment to the party despite the fact that it was never heard in Washington. Why wasn’t it heard?A The Federalist delegates elected at the Hartford Convention to meet with Congress missed their appointment.B When the Federalist delegates got to Washington it was engulfed in fires the British had set, which made it politically unwise to argue against war.C Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the capital.D Republican patriots accused the Federalists of loyalty to the Queen of England, which caused them to give up and stay in Connecticut.
63C Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the capital.
64#74 Legislators Henry Clay, John C #74 Legislators Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and Felix Grundy fought for war against the British because they wereA from the South and West, and wanted to put a stop to British influence on Indian groups on the frontier.B War Hawks, and wanted to prove their political strength against the Federalists by opposing Federalist claimsC from the North, and hoped to open more land for settlement by invading Canada.D Populists, and were angered by British trade restrictions that hurt planters and farmers
65A from the South and West, and wanted to put a stop to British influence on Indian groups on the frontier.
66#75 How is judicial review best defined? A the power of Congress to oversee decisions made by the Supreme CourtB the power of Congress to review the appointment of Supreme Court justicesC the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutionalD the power of the judiciary to monitor the conduct of presidential elections
67C the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
68#76 Which of the following finally determined who would be President of the United States in the Election of 1800?A The Electoral CollegeB The United States Supreme CourtC The United States House of RepresentativesD The United States Senate
70#77 Which of the following is NOT true of the Election of 1800? A The Constitution’s system of choosing the president and vice president failed to work properlyB The House of Representatives selected the president and vice presidentC The president and vice president were from different political partiesD Alexander Hamilton threw his support behind Thomas Jefferson and against Aaron Burr
71C The president and vice president were from different political parties
72A Crazy Horse B Little Turtle C Tecumseh D Chief Powhatan #78 Which of the following was a Shawnee leader that tried to convince Native American peoples to unite in order to save their remaining land from white settlement?A Crazy HorseB Little TurtleC TecumsehD Chief Powhatan
74A John Jay B John Marshall C John Roberts D Thurgood Marshall # 79 Who was the Chief Justice that presided over the case that established the principle of judicial review for the Supreme Court?A John JayB John MarshallC John RobertsD Thurgood Marshall
76# 80 Who wrote a poem that later became the national anthem of the United States, while watching the battle for Fort McHenry?A Francis Scott KeyB Oliver Hazard PerryC Stephen Collins FosterD George Wilkes Booth
78#81 What was the purpose of the Non-Intercourse Act? A It kept any new immigrants from moving into AmericaB It made it illegal to criticize the government either by speech or by writingC It made it illegal to tax a citizen without first allowing representationD It banned trade with Britain, France and all of their colonies
79D It banned trade with Britain, France and all of their colonies
80#82 What impact did Sacagawea have on American History? A She helped a U.S. expedition to explore the Louisiana TerritoryB She tried to unite Native Americans against westward expansionC She led a slave revolt against white settlers in LouisianaD She led Native Americans against white settlers in the Ohio Valley over fur trade
81A She helped a U.S. expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory
82#83 What battle in 1794, basically ended the ability of the tribes in the Northwest Territory to continue to wage war?A Battle of GettysburgB Battle of Fallen TimbersC Battle of YorktownD Battle of New Orleans
84# 84 Which of the following would NOT have been a belief of Thomas Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans during the Election of 1800?A Believed in rule by the common man or citizenB Favored alliances to the French over the BritishC Wanted the economy to be based on agricultureD Believed that the Federal Government should be more powerful than State Governments
85D Believed that the Federal Government should be more powerful than State Governments
86# 85 Which of the following would NOT have been a belief of John Adams and other Federalists during the Election of 1800?A Believed in rule by the wealthy, well-educated classB Favored alliances to the British over the FrenchC Wanted an economy that put an emphasis on manufacturingD Believed that State Governments should have more power than the Federal GovernmentE Believed in a loose or broad interpretation of the United States Constitution
87D Believed that State Governments should have more power than the Federal Government
88# 86 Which of the following Supreme Court cases set the precedent of allowing for judicial review? A McCullough v. MarylandB Marbury v. MadisonC Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka KansasD Roe v. Wade