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Chapter 8 Review. #43.According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government does NOT include A protecting the nation from foreign.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Review. #43.According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government does NOT include A protecting the nation from foreign."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 Review

2 #43.According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government does NOT include A protecting the nation from foreign threats. B delivering the mail. C collecting customs duties. D expanding domestic taxes.

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4 #44 In the hotly contested election of 1800, whose supporters claimed that a Thomas Jefferson presidency would bring to America the chaos of the French Revolution? A Aaron Burr’s B John Marshall’s C John Adams’ D James Madison’s

5 C John Adams’

6 #45 A voter in 1800 would have cast his ballot against the Republicans for which of the following reasons? A The Republican candidate was a dangerously pro-British radical. B The Alien and Sedition Acts were obviously wrong and had to be abolished. C The Republican candidate was arguably against organized religion. D The Federalist candidate was clearly a more influential speaker.

7 C The Republican candidate was arguably against organized religion.

8 #46 Which of the following was a major theme of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address? A uniting Republicans and Federalists B increasing the size of government C improving the capital’s infrastructure D repaying the national debt

9 A uniting Republicans and Federalists

10 #47 Which of the following statements does NOT reflect the significance of Marbury v. Madison? A It confirmed the Supreme Court’s power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. B It established the power of judicial review. C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it. D It helped make the judicial branch equal to the other two branches.

11 C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it.

12 #48 The Louisiana Purchase was significant to the United States because A it nearly doubled the size of the country. B it helped the United States challenge British power in North America C it set a precedent regarding the purchase of territory without congressional approval. D it took New Orleans out of Spain’s control.

13 A it nearly doubled the size of the country.

14 #49 In the early 1800s, the Mississippi River was crucial to settlers in all but which of the following states? A Georgia B Kentucky C Ohio D Tennessee

15 A Georgia

16 #50 French leader Napoleon Bonaparte was so eager to get rid of his American territories that when America’s ambassador tried to buy New Orleans, the French offered to sell all of Louisiana for $15 million. Which of the following statements does not describes Napoleon's strategic reasoning behind this move? A France was at war with the British and thought that an expanded U.S. would humble England’s pride sooner or later. B Napoleon needed the $15 million from the sale to reinforce his military in the fight against the British, France’s greatest enemy. C A slave revolt on the island of Hispaniola had dashed Napoleon’s hopes of rebuilding France’s empire in North America, so he didn’t mind giving up the Louisiana territory. D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.

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18 #51 The Lewis and Clark expedition was undertaken in order to explore the Louisiana Purchase, learn about the plants and animals of the West, and A provide Americans with their first accounts of the Northwest. B establish the Corps of Discovery. C form alliances with American Indian tribes D attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.

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20 #52 Which mountains presented a major obstacle to the Lewis and Clarke expedition? A the Appalachian Mountains B the Sawtooth Mountains C the Rocky Mountains D the Blue Ridge Mountains

21 C the Rocky Mountains

22 #53 What was the significance of Zebulon Pike’s exploration? A It provided many Americans with their first account of the Northwest B It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain C It provided a full report of Spanish spying activities in the Southwest. D It inspired mountain climbers to explore the peaks of the Cascade Range.

23 B It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain

24 #54 As the result of which activity did the United States find itself involved in the war between Britain and France when it broke out in 1803? A patrolling the English Channel with war ships B shipping goods and war supplies to both countries C negotiating the Louisiana Purchase D protecting escaped British sailors from impressment

25 B shipping goods and war supplies to both countries

26 #55 After a British navy ship targeted an American navy ship in 1807, Great Britain’s violations of U.S. neutrality resulted in the Embargo Act, which banned trade with A Britain. B France. C Europe. D all foreign countries.

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28 #56 The Embargo Act failed because A the Non-Intercourse Act limited its scope. B the Federalist Party rallied against it. C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France. D Spain replaced the loss of U.S. trade with increased trade in South America.

29 C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.

30 #57 In 1810, the Governor of the Indiana Territory urged Tecumseh to follow the Treaty of Greenville, signed in What was Tecumseh’s reply? A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.” B “If we submit, the independence of the Indians is lost.” C “With the signing of that treaty and the loss of that land, I lost all hope.” D “The chief who signed the white man’s treaty signed away land that was not his. It cannot be yours.”

31 A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.”

32 #58 Why were U.S. officials worried by Tecumseh’s actions? A Tecumseh's actions broke the Treaty of Greenville. B Tecumseh's actions might have created an Indian confederation. C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British. D Tecumseh's actions inflamed Americans.

33 C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British.

34 #59 The first young members of Congress to call for a trade war against Britain were called A Battle Axes B Warlords C War Hawks D Redcoats

35 C War Hawks

36 #60 Who served as president of the United States during the War of 1812? A George Washington B John Adams C Thomas Jefferson D James Madison

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38 #61 Which of the following does not help to explain why the U.S. declared war against Britain in 1812? A British trade restrictions hurt southern planters and western farmers B The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean C British impressments were hurting the U.S. economy. D The British had encouraged American Indians to attack settlers in the West

39 B The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean

40 #62 Which of the following explains why the U.S. Navy defeated the British in the War of 1812? A The U.S. Navy was larger than the British Navy. B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. Navy C The U.S. Navy had many new warships. D U.S. sailors were more experienced than British sailors

41 B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. Navy

42 #63 Which of the following assertions about the War of 1812 is false? A It produced intense feelings of patriotism among Americans. B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans. C It produced a boom in American manufacturing. D It strengthened Americans’ faith in the democratic experiment.

43 B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans.

44 #64 The document that ended the War of 1812 was called the ? A Treaty of Fort Jackson. B Treaty of Ghent. C Neutrality Proclamation. D Louisiana Purchase.

45 B Treaty of Ghent.

46 #65 The last major conflict of the War of 1812 was the A Battle of Baltimore B Battle of Horseshoe Bend. C Battle of New Orleans. D Battle of Tippecanoe.

47 C Battle of New Orleans.

48 #66 The Treaty of Fort Jackson did which of the following? A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of land B guaranteed American protection from American Indians in the Northwest Territories C gave the U.S. control of American Indian lands along the Tallapoosa River D forced Tecumseh to give up his plan to unite American Indian nations

49 A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of land

50 #67 Why did Britain’s military forces gain strength in April of 1814? A The Queen ended an expedition to South Africa and ordered the ships to the U.S. coast. B Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America. C France released British war prisoners who were soon added to the military ranks. D There was a major decline in numbers of American volunteers.

51 B Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America.

52 # 68 The first thing the British did after their ranks were reinforced in April of 1814 was attack the city of A New Orleans. B Baltimore. C Washington. D New York.

53 C Washington.

54 #69 American politicians’ fears that a foreign power might take control of the Mississippi might have come true during the Battle of New Orleans, if not for the leadership of a commander who led a mix of soldiers, free African Americans, and Choctaw Indians against the British. What was his name? A Oliver Hazard Perry B Andrew Jackson C Francis Scott Key D Jean Lafitte

55 B Andrew Jackson

56 # 70 In the opinion of the U.S., what was the last straw in Britain’s breach of U.S. neutrality during the British- French conflict? A The British stopped and searched American merchant ships to look for deserted sailors B The British stopped U.S. Navy ships to take run-away sailors back by force. C British sailors who had run from their naval duties boarded American ships. D British boats began to search and seize ships carrying war supplies to France.

57 B The British stopped U.S. Navy ships to take run-away sailors back by force.

58 #71 Lewis and Clark failed in their expedition in that they did not A collect adequate information about western plants and animals. B survey the Louisiana Purchase C travel over the Cascade Range on horseback D find an all river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean

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60 # 72 Thomas Jefferson and his treasury secretary, Albert Gallatin, reduced government spending in order to repay the national debt. Arguably, this policy weakened the United States’ position in relation to the British because it A abolished domestic taxes that could have funded American troops. B cut the navy to a very small number of active ships. C lowered military spending and reduced the size of the Air Force. D limited the national government to several hundred people

61 B cut the navy to a very small number of active ships.

62 #73 The Federalists’ plea to end the War of 1812 caused embarrassment to the party despite the fact that it was never heard in Washington. Why wasn’t it heard? A The Federalist delegates elected at the Hartford Convention to meet with Congress missed their appointment. B When the Federalist delegates got to Washington it was engulfed in fires the British had set, which made it politically unwise to argue against war. C Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the capital. D Republican patriots accused the Federalists of loyalty to the Queen of England, which caused them to give up and stay in Connecticut.

63 C Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the capital.

64 #74 Legislators Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and Felix Grundy fought for war against the British because they were A from the South and West, and wanted to put a stop to British influence on Indian groups on the frontier. B War Hawks, and wanted to prove their political strength against the Federalists by opposing Federalist claims C from the North, and hoped to open more land for settlement by invading Canada. D Populists, and were angered by British trade restrictions that hurt planters and farmers

65 A from the South and West, and wanted to put a stop to British influence on Indian groups on the frontier.

66 #75 How is judicial review best defined? A the power of Congress to oversee decisions made by the Supreme Court B the power of Congress to review the appointment of Supreme Court justices C the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional D the power of the judiciary to monitor the conduct of presidential elections

67 C the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional

68 #76 Which of the following finally determined who would be President of the United States in the Election of 1800? A The Electoral College B The United States Supreme Court C The United States House of Representatives D The United States Senate

69 C The United States House of Representatives

70 #77 Which of the following is NOT true of the Election of 1800? A The Constitution’s system of choosing the president and vice president failed to work properly B The House of Representatives selected the president and vice president C The president and vice president were from different political parties D Alexander Hamilton threw his support behind Thomas Jefferson and against Aaron Burr

71 C The president and vice president were from different political parties

72 #78 Which of the following was a Shawnee leader that tried to convince Native American peoples to unite in order to save their remaining land from white settlement? A Crazy Horse B Little Turtle C Tecumseh D Chief Powhatan

73 C Tecumseh

74 # 79 Who was the Chief Justice that presided over the case that established the principle of judicial review for the Supreme Court? A John Jay B John Marshall C John Roberts D Thurgood Marshall

75 B John Marshall

76 # 80 Who wrote a poem that later became the national anthem of the United States, while watching the battle for Fort McHenry? A Francis Scott Key B Oliver Hazard Perry C Stephen Collins Foster D George Wilkes Booth

77 A Francis Scott Key

78 #81 What was the purpose of the Non-Intercourse Act? A It kept any new immigrants from moving into America B It made it illegal to criticize the government either by speech or by writing C It made it illegal to tax a citizen without first allowing representation D It banned trade with Britain, France and all of their colonies

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80 #82 What impact did Sacagawea have on American History? A She helped a U.S. expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory B She tried to unite Native Americans against westward expansion C She led a slave revolt against white settlers in Louisiana D She led Native Americans against white settlers in the Ohio Valley over fur trade

81 A She helped a U.S. expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory

82 #83 What battle in 1794, basically ended the ability of the tribes in the Northwest Territory to continue to wage war? A Battle of Gettysburg B Battle of Fallen Timbers C Battle of Yorktown D Battle of New Orleans

83 B Battle of Fallen Timbers

84 # 84 Which of the following would NOT have been a belief of Thomas Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans during the Election of 1800? A Believed in rule by the common man or citizen B Favored alliances to the French over the British C Wanted the economy to be based on agriculture D Believed that the Federal Government should be more powerful than State Governments

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86 # 85 Which of the following would NOT have been a belief of John Adams and other Federalists during the Election of 1800? A Believed in rule by the wealthy, well-educated class B Favored alliances to the British over the French C Wanted an economy that put an emphasis on manufacturing D Believed that State Governments should have more power than the Federal Government E Believed in a loose or broad interpretation of the United States Constitution

87 D Believed that State Governments should have more power than the Federal Government

88 # 86 Which of the following Supreme Court cases set the precedent of allowing for judicial review? A McCullough v. Maryland B Marbury v. Madison C Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka Kansas D Roe v. Wade

89 B Marbury v. Madison

90 GOOD JOB AND GOOD LUCK

91 B

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93 B

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