2 Questions to ConsiderDescribe Napoleon’s efforts to find a basis other than force for the unification of Europe. How did he hope to exploit existing attitudes toward Great Britain?In what basic way did the British blockade and Napoleon’s Continental System resemble each other? How did the United States become involved in this economic warfare? Results?Explain the objective of Napoleon’s Continental System with respect to the economy of Continental Europe.What were the chief reasons for the failure of the Continental System? What effect did it have as a short-range war measure?
3 IntroductionObjective of Continental System is to crush Great Britain to unify and master all of EuropeBonaparte used common themes of Enlightenment to inspire his alliesEncouraged rationalism, scientific inquiry, modernity, progressivismthe end of medievalism, feudalism, ignorance !!!Yet he evoked Romanism (all European Feeling) and the glory of the pastArchitecture reflects Imperial GloryMassive empire furniture,He built the Arch of Triumph ( )Church of the Madeleine=temple to gloryAlso worked up latent hostility toward Britainjealousy toward their success and methods of keeping itContinentals felt the danger of British sea power for commerce of others
4 British Blockade & Napoleon’s Continental System Chief aim of British blockade was to undermine enemy commerceBritish did not expect to starve them out or deprive them of necessary war materialsWestern Europe was self-sufficient in food, armamentsaccepted trade with British goods on the Continentbut by depriving enemy commerce, it would diminish revenues of gov and weaken its position in world markets
5 Anti-British Sentiments Britain labeled as a modern CarthageRuthless, profit-seeking power trying to enslave EuropeGB did in fact have a monopoly in overseas shipping and Industrial Rev was beginning to produce cheap clothStrong anti-GB feeling among bourgeoisie, commercial classes“a nation of shopkeepers” according to NapFighting with bank accounts not bloodNapoleon beat the anti English drum to unify Europe (Incubus)Purpose of both Cont System and British blockade is to destroy the enemy's commerce, credit, public revenues by destroying its exports while at the same time build up markets for itself
6 Trade Warfare Berlin Decree (Napoleon) prohibits importation of British goodsOrders in Council of 11/1807(Britain)neutrals must stop in British ports before entering continent (where they could load up some of their own goods)Milan Decree (Napoleon) 12/1807Neutral ships that traded with Britain would be confiscatedU.S. is only neutralJefferson declares Embargo Act (a self-imposed commercial isolation)Embargo against European goods failsU.S. aggress to trade only with the first to lift the restrictionsNapoleon is first to respond (no Parliament to consult)U.S. declares war on BritainAnglo-American War 1812Dismal outcome for U.S (Canada)Napoleon Bonaparte playingchess with King George III
7 The Failure of the Continental System Purpose was to set up a EU type of integrated economy for the whole ContinentWorst than a failureCaused widespread antagonism to Napoleon’s regimeSugar and Tobacco demands caused the Continental system to fail‘the destinies of Europe tuned upon a barrel of sugar!’ NapWas demand for Continental goodsbiggest problem was transportation (goods had to be moved over land)slow and expensive compared to water transportSystem favored France and failed to stop trade to new markets for BritainSatellites forbidden to have tariff against France but France had one against themEastern Europeans needed manufactured goods and couldn’t get themPoland, Prussia, and Russia couldn’t sell their produceIe. Aristocracy in E. Europe sympathized with BritsContinental system hurt GB but not too badMade up for lost trade with expanded trade in Latin AmericanAnnual income of Brits more than doubled (L140 Mil to 335 Mil from )