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Napoleon Part II Empire to Exile to Empire to House Arrest

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1 Napoleon Part II Empire to Exile to Empire to House Arrest
Learning Target: Explain the political actions taken by French citizens during the French Revolution that led to a change in government

2 Napoleon Napoleon proved he was a great leader, but what he was really interested in was empire building In 1804 he named himself Emperor of the French

3 Battle of Trafalgar -Despite his success, Great Britain remained Napoleon’s greatest enemy. -Wanted to invade Great Britain by the English Channel -Napoleon didn’t make it that Far -The British soundly defeated The French

4 Napoleon wants revenge
-After the defeat by the British he attempts to defeat the British through an economic war, implementing a protective blockade -Continental System All European nations under the control of Napoleon had to stop trade with Great Britain Forbid British imports into ports controlled by Napoleon Required Russia and Prussia to go along with it as well

5 Continental System -Great Britain responded to the Blockade with one of its own -Any ship on its way to a European port had to first stop at a British port -The British were able to maintain control of the seas, and the Continental system set up by Napoleon failed

6 1812 -Napoleon controlled most of Europe -France’s boundaries extended to the Russian border -Napoleon became King of Italy

7 The Rise of Nationalism
-Citizens in countries controlled by Napoleon resented paying taxes and wanted self-rule -Spain carried out an attack on French forces (guerilla warfare-hit and run) -Spanish were able to overthrow the French occupiers -Prussia also joined in the fight

8 The Downfall of the Empire
-When Russia joined the movement against France, Napoleon’s empire was going down. -Napoleon attempted to invade Russia but were unsuccessful Relentlessness of the Russians Harsh weather Conditions Of the 600,000 troops, only 200,000 made it out alive

9 Defeated -The Russian defeat was the end of Napoleon’s empire -The Russians, Spaniards, English and Austrians all sent armies to get him -The allies made Napoleon surrender

10 Post Napoleon -The government of France was put back in the hands of a monarch-King Louis the XVIII-the brother of XVI. Three Stages of the French Revolution Moderate Radical Reactionary -Napoleon was exiled off the coast of Italy -All land was returned, and the map went back to what it looked like prior to French Revolution

11 Hundred Days -Napoleon returned to France a year later and easily won back the support of the people -The period, known as “ the hundred days”, Napoleon once again ruled as an emperor -Although he claimed he just wanted to politically rule France, the European nations did not trust him -The countries sent troops to remove Napoleon. He met them at Waterloo and was defeated -Placed under house arrest on the Island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic

12 Napoleon’s Legacy Did not allow true representative government BUT did secure the revolution in France Spread Enlightenment Ideas -Religious toleration -Education -Reformed tax system -Reformed agriculture

13 Which of the following was NOT one of the reasons the French supported Napoleon as leader?
He had great military successes The directory had proven ineffective He allowed for some Enlightenment ideas in the Napoleonic Code He began a republic form of government 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

14 Napoleon used the Continental System to:
A. Hurt England’s economy while strengthening his country Keep the peasants from regaining power in France Add more troops to the French army Strengthen his military alliance with England 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

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