3GoalsUnderstand the term “Romanesque” in designating the artistic style of an historic period.Examine the need for large scale pilgrimage churches, the growth of architecture and urban centers. Understand the ‘millenial’ and apocalyptic mood of the Romanesque era and their impact on artistic themes. Understand the role of relics and the artistic objects designed to contain relics.Recognize differences and similarities in regional Romanesque architecture and artistic styles.Understand the narrative function of the human figure in Romanesque sculpture.
4From Dr. Bard: The Romanesque Church Protects from Pillage.Accommodates PilgrimageProvides for Permanence
5St-Etienne/Durham Cathedral Two Norman cathedrals, the later conceived as a vaulted church from the beginning
6Figure 17-14 Plan of Saint-Étienne, Caen, France.
7Figure Plan (top) and lateral section (right) of Durham Cathedral, England (after Kenneth John Conant).
15Discussion Questions Identify key elements of Romanesque architecture. What factors sparked the increase in building of churches in Western Europe?Why do you think there was such a strong positive reception of the concept of relics in Romanesque society??