Presentation on theme: "Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Durable pavement for Steel Decks."— Presentation transcript:
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Durable pavement for Steel Decks
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems History late 1950sShell Oil develops jet fuel and hydraulic oil resistant paving for airport taxiways. 1966 Caltrans uses Epoxy Asphalt on San Mateo- Hayward Bridge (in use). 1976 Bay Bridge 18mm overlay on lightweight concrete (in use). 1984 Golden Gate Bridge redecked (in use). nd Nanjing (first Asia project). --5 th generation product used for the first time
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Applications Orthotropic steel decks New construction Replacement paving Re-decking Overlays Temporary chip seals For replacement deck panels High (heavy weight) traffic, strategic roads with long life requirement Fuel and chemical resistant paving Lionsgate Br
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems EA Chemistry Epoxy cross-linked polymer: continuous phase, asphalt: discontinuous phase 2 component binder and 2 component bond coat Part A Resin Part B Asphalts and cross-linkers Ambient temperature reactive cure mechanism Cured polymer is thermoset (won’t melt)
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Properties Extremely high fatigue resistance High strength bond coat Protects against delamination Ensures composite action with steel Resists high summer deck temperatures Thermoset Will not melt Higher modulus than other flexible pavements Reduces deck deflection Element meshing “Epoxy Asphalt has a fatigue life of 2 to 3 orders of magnitude greater than the PG76-22 I-5 mix…”. --Rutgers University study
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Properties Does not oxidize (like all other asphalts) No embrittlement upon aging Low voids (typically ~2 %) Water impermeable No chloride ion penetration No corrosion--no membrane required High Temperature bond performance FHWA OECD Long Lived Pavement Study Turner Fairbanks Highway Research Center
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Fundamental difference HMA Asphalt, SMA, Gussasphalt, PMA are thermoplastics: will melt Epoxy Asphalt is thermoset: will not melt “Epoxy Asphalt concrete has shown excellent performance including anti-cracking feature under low temperature, stability under high temperatures and oil-corrosion resistance.…” --W. Wang, Chang’an University
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Advantages Low permeability prevents deck corrosion Fatigue resistance minimizes cracks 4+ times more stability than standard AC Handles truck wheel overloads (common in Asia) --Rutgers Univ.
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Advantages No rutting or shoving Use standard AC paving equipment Very high bond strength Paving placement is fast Won’t delaminate “The superior oxidation resistance of the epoxy asphalt material was even more obvious in the Cantabro tests…” --Transit New Zealand—OECD report
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Typical new construction detail
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems EA Specifications Dense graded mix, ½” (12mm) minus Basalt rock for skid resistance and long wear Low temperature paving ( ºC) Time/temp monitoring is critical QC element Similar temps to warm mix Lab simulation (fatigue testing) advised for unique decks
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems O-T Deck Pavement Stress from wheel load deflection Longitudinal stiffener TENSION
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Fatigue testing evaluate pavement design on project specific deck Keys Realistic paving composite specimens Good tests take time Research performance of local materials (aggregates) Use environmental chamber to control extreme temps
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Comparison: EA vs. polymer modified AC or SMA Properties ConditionEpoxy AsphaltPolymer AC High temperaturesWill not meltMelts PermeabilityNonemeasurable Changes with agea. Will not oxidize b. Flexibility constant No age related performance losses a.Oxidizes b.Flexibility declines Delamination potentialVery low Consistent composite behavior High Fuel resistanceHighLow—will soften and dissolve binder Rutting, shovingStableUnstable under high temps and loads
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Chinese standard deck detail Fatigue test specimen with 3 pt. dynamic load on 300 mm center 300 mm stiffener spacing 12 mm deck plate (prior to 1999) 14 mm deck plate (after 1999) mm EA paving Locus of highest stress is over stiffeners, particularly in truck lanes Dynamic fatigue test is good predictor
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Asian conditions High deck temps To 90 °C Extreme temperature cycle between winter and summer Construction QC varies widely Standardized deck design in mainland
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Asian conditions Consistent very high truck wheel overloads To 120 MT on 18 wheelers SMA and gussasphalt sometimes fail as quickly as 2-3 yrs. SuTong Br.
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems EA: Disadvantages Time and temperature controls critical Controls can lead to higher quality and uniformity Paving plant needs to be within minute drive Too complicated Over 35 bridges in Asia in past 10 yrs successfully completed –including 1 st suspension bridge in Viet Nam ChemCo provides advisors Use test section in convenient location to train local paving crews before deck placement Costs more Cost difference dwarfed by frequent closures and repaving Thuan Phuoc Bridge DaNang, Viet Nam
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Next in N. America Fremont, Portland 2011 Repave in July MacDonald, Nova Scotia ~2015 Redeck similar to Lionsgate San Francisco-Oakland Bay ~2012 Single anchored suspension (new East Span)
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Future Reduce pavement weight Local manufacturing OECD-ECMT Joint Transport Research on long life pavements (U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Denmark, New Zealand, Australia) Open graded performance benefits demonstrated Improve fatigue performance in most challenging applications Decks with extremely high wheel overloads Decks with thin plates (12 mm) Hottest tropical environments
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Conclusions Design, test and confirm for wear course success Epoxy Asphalt, a thermoset material, performs on challenging decks Epoxy Asphalt offers life cycle cost benefits Asian lessons learned Over design surfacing when realistic data not available Be flexible to adopt local improvements
Epoxy Asphalt ChemCo Systems Thanks for your interest!