Presentation on theme: "Topic: Waves Aim: How do waves behave? Do Now: Take out last night’s HW. HW: Ditto – Forms of Energy (in your Energy Notes packet) Energy Castle Learning."— Presentation transcript:
Topic: Waves Aim: How do waves behave? Do Now: Take out last night’s HW. HW: Ditto – Forms of Energy (in your Energy Notes packet) Energy Castle Learning due tomorrow!!!
A Identify each part of a wave labeled in the diagram above. B C D
1.Which wave has the greatest amplitude? 2.Which wave has the greater wavelength? 3.Which wave has the greater frequency?
What happens if a wave hits a barrier? 1. Energy may be absorbed. 2. It can bounce off. 3. It can pass through it.
How do waves behave?
Reflection Bouncing of a wave
Examples: 1. Mirror (light reflecting off the mirror)
Refraction Bending of wave as it moves from 1 medium to another
Why? Bc it changes speed
Slows down bends toward normal –Less dense (air) more dense (water)
AIR WATER (more dense) (less dense) Normal Bends toward normal
Speeds up bends away from normal –More dense (water) less dense (air)
GLASS AIR (less dense) (more dense) Normal Bends away from normal
Have you ever noticed that objects underwater seem closer to the surface than they really are? The light waves reflected from the swimmer’s foot are refracted away from the normal and enter your eyes.
Let’s summarize… 1.Describe how waves can behave. 2.Explain the difference between reflection and refraction. 3.Explain why refraction occurs.
Diffraction Bending of waves: –around object OR through a narrow opening
Water waves are being diffracted at a breakwater.
Sound waves can bend and undergo diffraction.
AM radio waves have longer wavelengths than FM radio waves do. Because of their longer wavelengths, AM radio waves diffract around obstacles like buildings and mountains. As a result, AM radio reception is often better than FM reception around tall buildings and natural barriers such as hills.
Interference When waves overlap & combine
2 types: 1. Constructive interference = –Waves add together (in phase)
–New amplitude = sum of all amps
When waves combine by constructive interference, the combined wave has a larger amplitude.
2. Destructive interference = –Waves subtract from each other (out of phase)
–New amplitude = difference of amp (subtract)
–Transverse wave: Crest meets trough
–Compressional wave: Compression overlaps with rarefaction
–Ex: Sound waves that undergo DI cause loudness to decrease
When two waves with the same amplitude combine by destructive interference, they may cancel each other out.