Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Disease"— Presentation transcript:
1Sexually Transmitted Disease What are STD’s or STI’s?Sexually Transmitted DiseaseSexually Transmitted InfectionDiseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity“The surest way to avoid transmission of STD’s is to abstain from sexual contact.”Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
2HOW COMMON ARE STD’S? 20 million Approximately new cases every single year!Young people aged account for nearly half of new STD’s each year.1 in 4 sexually active teenager has an STD.
3Now we have 25-30 major STD’s! Where didSTD’s come from?Only major STD’s before the 1960’s.Now we have major STD’s!When a body receives too many unfamiliar germs, a disease can be created.
4Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Can STD’s be cured?BacterialViralParasiticChlamydiaGenital HerpesTrichomoniasisGonorrheaHuman Papillomavirus (HPV)Pubic Lice(Crabs)SyphilisHIV/AIDS
5CHLAMYDIA The Fertility Thief Symptoms NO SYMPTOMS at all Abnormal dischargeBurning or itchingAbdominal PainChlamydia FactsAn estimated 2.8 million infections occur annually in the U.S.
7GONORRHEA The Silent Carrier Symptoms NO SYMPTOMS at all Abnormal dischargeBurning or itchingGonorrhea Facts300,000 cases reported annually in U.S., but an estimate of over 700,000 are infected each year.Becoming resistant to the only treatment option.
8Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)NOT AN STD, but is a disease associated with bacterial STD’s, such as Chlamydia & Gonorrhea.Infection of the female reproductive organs.Can lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy.Each year more than 750,000 women in the U.S. experience PID.
10A 23 year old female visited her doctor with abdominal pain a few weeks after having sex with her new boyfriend.Right fallopian tube should be the size of an earthworm. The outer end is blocked, causing fluid to accumulate and enlarge the tube.After aggressive medical therapy, the right tube and ovary had to be removed. She was told she will probably be unable to conceive.
11A female in her mid 20’s was unable to get pregnant because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.The blue dye was inserted into the tube and has collected at the tip and cannot escape. Therefore neither the egg or a sperm could pass through this tube.
12SYPHILIS The Great Mimic Symptoms May not have symptoms for years. Single or multiple sores – usually painless.Rash on hands & feet.Syphilis FactsSore heals itself in 3-6 weeks, but if not treated can lead to 2nd & 3rd stage which can cause brain & organ damage.Passed through direct contact with syphilis sore.
15YOUR FUTURE FAMILYEven though there are no immediate signs or symptoms, STD’s can damage your body including the reproduction system.Each year untreated STD’s take away at least 24,000 women’s chance to have her own children later in life.Chlamydia, syphilis & gonorrhea can infect the baby of a woman during pregnancy causing complications to the baby.
16GENITAL HERPES Recurrent Infection 2 Types of Herpes HSV-1 = common cold sore (NOT STD)HSV-2 = genital cold sore (STD)SymptomsSometimes no symptomsBlister or sore on genital skinFlu-like symptomsDifficulty urinating
17GENITAL HERPES Recurrent Infection Genital Herpes Facts 1 in 6 people age are infected with HSV-2Herpes can spread even if there is no visible sore or symptoms of the virus.Often times herpes cause psychological distress.A baby is at risk to a fatal infection if a pregnant women carries the herpes virus.YOU CAN NEVER GET RID OF THE HERPES VIRUS!
20HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STDThere is no cure for HPV40+ different types of HPVSymptomsMouth & throat infectionsSometimes no symptomsGenital wartsGenital cancerCervical cancer
21HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STDHPV FactsApproximately 79 million Americans are infected with HPV.Approximately 14 million new infections each year.More than 50% of sexually active people will get HPV at some point during their lives.
24There is no other clinical test for HPV. HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV)Most Common STDHPV & Cervical CancerEach year 10,300 women get cervical cancer.Each year 5,000 women die of cervical cancer.Regular screening tests (pap test) are important to catch early signs of the virus.There is no other clinical test for HPV.
27HIV/AIDS The Fatal STD Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency SyndromeThe Fatal STDSymptomsSometime no symptoms at allFlu-like symptomsWhat does HIV/AIDS do to a body?HIV destroys specific blood cells which are crucial to helping the body fight disease & sickness.AIDS is the late stage of HIV when a persons immune system is severely damaged.
28HIV/AIDS The Fatal STD Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency SyndromeThe Fatal STDHIV FactsHIV can be transmitted through bodily fluids, unclean needles, blood and birth.It is not spread through air, insects or touch.A combination of medicines can prolong an infected persons life.
29HIV/AIDS The Fatal STD Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency SyndromeThe Fatal STDHIV FactsIt can take 3-6 months for the HIV antibodies tobe detected in a persons body. During this time the virus can still be passed to others.Nearly 18,000 people in the U.S. die of AIDS each year.
30What about teen pregnancy? 3 in 10 teen girls in the US will get pregnant at least once before age 20.That’s about 745,000 teen pregnancies a year!
318 out of 10 teen fathers don’t marry the mother of their child. Less than half of teen moms under 18 ever graduate from high school and fewer than 2% earn a college degree by age 308 out of 10 teen fathers don’t marry the mother of their child.20% of teens younger than 18 using condoms get pregnant within a year.20% of those aged using the birth-control pill get pregnant within 6 months.7 in 10 pregnancies among single women are unplanned.
32is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy and STD’s ABSTINENCE!.is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy and STD’s
33Statistics and information acquired from Statistics and information acquired from Center for Disease Control, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy and Hooked by Dr. Joe Mcilhaney and Dr. Freda McKissic Bush.