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What are STD’s or STI’s? Sexually Transmitted Disease Sexually Transmitted Infection Diseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity.

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Presentation on theme: "What are STD’s or STI’s? Sexually Transmitted Disease Sexually Transmitted Infection Diseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What are STD’s or STI’s? Sexually Transmitted Disease Sexually Transmitted Infection Diseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity “The surest way to avoid transmission of STD’s is to abstain from sexual contact.” Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

3 HOW COMMON ARE STD’S? new cases every single year! Young people aged account for nearly half of new STD’s each year. 1 in 4 sexually active teenager has an STD. Approximately

4 STD’s come from? Where did When a body receives too many unfamiliar germs, a disease can be created. Only major STD’s before the 1960’s. Now we have major STD’s!

5 BacterialViralParasitic ChlamydiaGenital HerpesTrichomoniasis Gonorrhea Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Pubic Lice (Crabs) SyphilisHIV/AIDS

6 Symptoms NO SYMPTOMS at all Abnormal discharge Burning or itching Abdominal Pain Chlamydia Facts An estimated 2.8 million infections occur annually in the U.S. CHLAMYDIA The Fertility Thief

7 A normal cervix compared to an infected cervix.

8 Symptoms NO SYMPTOMS at all Abnormal discharge Burning or itching GONORRHEA The Silent Carrier Gonorrhea Facts 300,000 cases reported annually in U.S., but an estimate of over 700,000 are infected each year. Becoming resistant to the only treatment option.

9 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) NOT AN STD, but is a disease associated with bacterial STD’s, such as Chlamydia & Gonorrhea. Infection of the female reproductive organs. Can lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy. Each year more than 750,000 women in the U.S. experience PID.

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11 A 23 year old female visited her doctor with abdominal pain a few weeks after having sex with her new boyfriend. Right fallopian tube should be the size of an earthworm. The outer end is blocked, causing fluid to accumulate and enlarge the tube. After aggressive medical therapy, the right tube and ovary had to be removed. She was told she will probably be unable to conceive.

12 A female in her mid 20’s was unable to get pregnant because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18. The blue dye was inserted into the tube and has collected at the tip and cannot escape. Therefore neither the egg or a sperm could pass through this tube.

13 Symptoms May not have symptoms for years. Single or multiple sores – usually painless. Rash on hands & feet. SYPHILIS The Great Mimic Syphilis Facts Sore heals itself in 3-6 weeks, but if not treated can lead to 2 nd & 3 rd stage which can cause brain & organ damage. Passed through direct contact with syphilis sore.

14 Syphilis Sore Syphilis Sore on Mouth

15 Syphilis Sore on Lower Abdomen Syphilis Sore

16 YOUR FUTURE FAMILY Each year untreated STD’s take away at least 24,000 women’s chance to have her own children later in life. Chlamydia, syphilis & gonorrhea can infect the baby of a woman during pregnancy causing complications to the baby. Even though there are no immediate signs or symptoms, STD’s can damage your body including the reproduction system.

17 2 Types of Herpes HSV-1 = common cold sore (NOT STD) HSV-2 = genital cold sore (STD) Symptoms Sometimes no symptoms Blister or sore on genital skin Flu-like symptoms Difficulty urinating GENITAL HERPES Recurrent Infection

18 Genital Herpes Facts 1 in 6 people age are infected with HSV-2 Herpes can spread even if there is no visible sore or symptoms of the virus. Often times herpes cause psychological distress. A baby is at risk to a fatal infection if a pregnant women carries the herpes virus. GENITAL HERPES Recurrent Infection YOU CAN NEVER GET RID OF THE HERPES VIRUS!

19 Genital Herpes on the male genital

20 Genital Herpes on the female genital

21 There is no cure for HPV 40+ different types of HPV Symptoms Mouth & throat infections Sometimes no symptoms Genital warts Genital cancer Cervical cancer HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STD

22 HPV Facts Approximately 79 million Americans are infected with HPV. Approximately 14 million new infections each year. HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STD More than 50% of sexually active people will get HPV at some point during their lives.

23 Genital Warts (HPV) on the male genital

24 Genital Warts (HPV) on the female genital

25 HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STD HPV & Cervical Cancer Each year 10,300 women get cervical cancer. Each year 5,000 women die of cervical cancer. Regular screening tests (pap test) are important to catch early signs of the virus. There is no other clinical test for HPV.

26 HEALTHY CERVIX UNHEALTHY CERVIX

27 PROCEDURE TO REMOVE ABNORMAL CELLS

28 HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome The Fatal STD Symptoms Sometime no symptoms at all Flu-like symptoms What does HIV/AIDS do to a body? HIV destroys specific blood cells which are crucial to helping the body fight disease & sickness. AIDS is the late stage of HIV when a persons immune system is severely damaged.

29 HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome The Fatal STD HIV Facts HIV can be transmitted through bodily fluids, unclean needles, blood and birth. It is not spread through air, insects or touch. A combination of medicines can prolong an infected persons life.

30 HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome The Fatal STD HIV Facts It can take 3-6 months for the HIV antibodies to be detected in a persons body. During this time the virus can still be passed to others. Nearly 18,000 people in the U.S. die of AIDS each year.

31 3 in 10 teen girls in the US will get pregnant at least once before age 20. That’s about 745,000 teen pregnancies a year! What about teen pregnancy?

32 8 out of 10 teen fathers don’t marry the mother of their child. Less than half of teen moms under 18 ever graduate from high school and fewer than 2% earn a college degree by age 30 20% of teens younger than 18 using condoms get pregnant within a year. 20% of those aged using the birth-control pill get pregnant within 6 months. 7 in 10 pregnancies among single women are unplanned.

33 ABSTINENCE!. is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy and STD’s is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy and STD’s

34 Statistics and information acquired from... Center for Disease Control, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy and Hooked by Dr. Joe Mcilhaney and Dr. Freda McKissic Bush.


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