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Greenwood School District 50 OSHA UPDATE 2012 BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS.

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Presentation on theme: "Greenwood School District 50 OSHA UPDATE 2012 BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greenwood School District 50 OSHA UPDATE 2012 BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS

2 TOPICS OSHA OSHA TERMS TERMS UPDATES UPDATES HEPATITIS B HEPATITIS B HEPATITIS C HEPATITIS C HIV HIV REPORTING AN EXPOSURE REPORTING AN EXPOSURE

3 OBJECTIVES To have a basic understanding of bloodborne pathogens and the role of Greenwood School District 50 and OSHA. To have a basic understanding of bloodborne pathogens and the role of Greenwood School District 50 and OSHA. To protect our employees and understand how to report an exposure. To protect our employees and understand how to report an exposure.

4 WHY? 1. It is an OSHA Federal requirement. 1. It is an OSHA Federal requirement. 2. Through education and understanding, employees will be better protected and the risk of an exposure can be reduced. 2. Through education and understanding, employees will be better protected and the risk of an exposure can be reduced.

5 29 CFR Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Federal Register - December 6, 1991 What does it mean? Mandates rules for employers to protect workers from occupational exposure to blood and other body fluids that potentially contain bloodborne pathogens.

6 UPON EMPLOYMENT for new hires and ANNUALLY for employees at risk of BBP exposure BBP TRAINING IS MANDATORY

7 BBP TRAINING INCLUDES: NEW HIRE EDUCATION AND TRAINING NEW HIRE EDUCATION AND TRAINING ANNUAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING ANNUAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING AVAILABILITY OF PPE AVAILABILITY OF PPE OFFERING OF HEPATITIS B TO AT RISK EMPLOYEES OFFERING OF HEPATITIS B TO AT RISK EMPLOYEES PROPER REPORTING OF BLOOD/BODY FLUID EXPOSURES PROPER REPORTING OF BLOOD/BODY FLUID EXPOSURES

8 BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS TRAINING CHECKLIST Required elements for training Required elements for training See handout – “Annual Bloodborne Pathogens Training Checklist” See handout – “Annual Bloodborne Pathogens Training Checklist”

9 OFFERING HEPATITIS B IMMUNIZATION “High risk” employees are determined by School District policy “High risk” employees are determined by School District policy BBP Training – offer Hep B series within 10 days of BBP training BBP Training – offer Hep B series within 10 days of BBP training Hep B Series – 0 – 1 month – 5 months Hep B Series – 0 – 1 month – 5 months If you have had the Hep B Series, please provide documentation If you have had the Hep B Series, please provide documentation To schedule the Hep B Series, please contact your school nurse, supervisor, or Assistant Superintendent for Human Resources To schedule the Hep B Series, please contact your school nurse, supervisor, or Assistant Superintendent for Human Resources

10 Greenwood School District 50 has determined the following job categories to be “at risk” for occupational exposure: Greenwood School District 50 has determined the following job categories to be “at risk” for occupational exposure: Athletic Directors, Trainers, and Coaches Athletic Directors, Trainers, and Coaches Bus Drivers and Monitors Bus Drivers and Monitors Case Managers Case Managers Custodians Custodians First Responders (Those who are assigned to provide coverage in the school’s Health Room) First Responders (Those who are assigned to provide coverage in the school’s Health Room) Guidance Counselors Guidance Counselors Maintenance Personnel Maintenance Personnel School Nurses School Nurses School Psychologists School Psychologists Speech Therapists Speech Therapists Code Blue Team members PE Teachers & Assistants Principals Assistant Principals School Administrators (if involved with discipline) Health Occupations Instructors Special Education Teachers of EMD, TMD, PMD, ED and their assistants Career Center Teachers working with potentially dangerous machinery

11 Greenwood School District 50 has determined the following job categories to have some potential for occupational exposure: Shadow positions (assigned to work with particular students) Shadow positions (assigned to work with particular students) Art Teachers (who work with sharps such as sewing needles) Art Teachers (who work with sharps such as sewing needles) School Secretary (who provides coverage for the Health Room) School Secretary (who provides coverage for the Health Room) Biology/Chemistry Lab Teachers (who work with sharps such as scalpels) Biology/Chemistry Lab Teachers (who work with sharps such as scalpels) Teachers of BIC or ISS Teachers of BIC or ISS

12 EXPOSURE CONTROL PLAN is written to: MINIMIZE exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) MINIMIZE exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) MANAGE exposures properly MANAGE exposures properly DESCRIBE engineering and work practice controls which reduce risk DESCRIBE engineering and work practice controls which reduce risk PROVIDE information on the types, proper use, location, removal, handling, decontamination and disposal of personal protective equipment. PROVIDE information on the types, proper use, location, removal, handling, decontamination and disposal of personal protective equipment.

13 REVIEW TERMS THAT ARE LOCATED IN THE ECP STANDARD PRECAUTIONS STANDARD PRECAUTIONS AT-RISK EMPLOYEES AT-RISK EMPLOYEES PPE PPE WORK PRACTICE CONTROLS WORK PRACTICE CONTROLS ENGINEERING CONTROLS ENGINEERING CONTROLS OPIM – Other Potentially Infectious Material OPIM – Other Potentially Infectious Material PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis

14 STANDARD PRECAUTIONS TREAT ALL BLOOD AND BODY FLUIDS AS IF THEY ARE KNOWN TO BE INFECTIOUS TREAT ALL BLOOD AND BODY FLUIDS AS IF THEY ARE KNOWN TO BE INFECTIOUS

15 AT-RISK EMPLOYEES THOSE EMPLOYEES WHO, BY NATURE OF THEIR TASKS HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO BE EXPOSED TO BLOOD, BODY FLUIDS, OR OTHER POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS. THOSE EMPLOYEES WHO, BY NATURE OF THEIR TASKS HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO BE EXPOSED TO BLOOD, BODY FLUIDS, OR OTHER POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS.

16 PPE = PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT GLOVES GLOVES MASKS MASKS EYE PROTECTION EYE PROTECTION FACE SHIELDS FACE SHIELDS RESPIRATORS RESPIRATORS GOWNS, APRONS, LAB COAT GOWNS, APRONS, LAB COAT

17 WORK PRACTICE CONTROLS HAND WASHING HAND WASHING PROPER USE OF SHARPS CONTAINERS PROPER USE OF SHARPS CONTAINERS STORAGE AND HANDLING OF CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT STORAGE AND HANDLING OF CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT NO EATING, DRINKING, SMOKING, HANDLING CONTACT LENSES AND APPLYING MAKE-UP IN WORK AREAS NO EATING, DRINKING, SMOKING, HANDLING CONTACT LENSES AND APPLYING MAKE-UP IN WORK AREAS

18 RESPIRATOR RESPIRATOR MEDICAL SAFETY DEVICES MEDICAL SAFETY DEVICES SHARPS CONTAINERS SHARPS CONTAINERS DISINTEGRATOR PLUS---MAY BE PROVIDED BY STUDENT DISINTEGRATOR PLUS---MAY BE PROVIDED BY STUDENT ENGINEERING CONTROLS

19 OPIM = OTHER POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIAL ANY BODY FLUID THAT IS GROSSLY CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD OR ANY INTERNAL BODY CAVITY FLUID ANY BODY FLUID THAT IS GROSSLY CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD OR ANY INTERNAL BODY CAVITY FLUID

20 PEP = POST EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS MEDICATION REGIMEN AVAILABLE AFTER AN EXPOSURE IF THE SOURCE IS POSITIVE FOR: HEP B HEP B HIV – SEVERAL MEDICATIONS AVAILABLE HIV – SEVERAL MEDICATIONS AVAILABLE HEP C – CURRENTLY NO PEP AVAILABLE HEP C – CURRENTLY NO PEP AVAILABLE

21 BBPs: BLOOD, “BODY FLUIDS” BLOOD, GENITAL SECRETIONS, OR INTERNAL BODY CAVITY FLUIDS BLOOD, GENITAL SECRETIONS, OR INTERNAL BODY CAVITY FLUIDS “VISIBLY (GROSSLY) BLOODY FLUIDS” “VISIBLY (GROSSLY) BLOODY FLUIDS” NOT: SALIVA, TEARS, URINE, FECES, VOMITUS, SPUTUM--- UNLESS GROSSLY CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD NOT: SALIVA, TEARS, URINE, FECES, VOMITUS, SPUTUM--- UNLESS GROSSLY CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD PORTAL OF ENTRY IS NECESSARY FOR A BONA FIDE EXPOSURE (IE: FRESH, OPEN WOUND) “CONTACT WITH INTACT SKIN NOT NORMALLY A RISK FOR BBP” PORTAL OF ENTRY IS NECESSARY FOR A BONA FIDE EXPOSURE (IE: FRESH, OPEN WOUND) “CONTACT WITH INTACT SKIN NOT NORMALLY A RISK FOR BBP” CDC MMWR JUNE 29, 2001 – (P.3) CDC MMWR JUNE 29, 2001 – (P.3) R. BALL

22 BBP’s: BLOOD/BODY FLUIDS IF SALIVA, TEARS, URINE, FECES, VOMITUS, SWEAT OR SPUTUM IS GROSSLY BLOODY THEN….. IT IS CONSIDERED CONTAMINATED. IF SALIVA, TEARS, URINE, FECES, VOMITUS, SWEAT OR SPUTUM IS GROSSLY BLOODY THEN….. IT IS CONSIDERED CONTAMINATED. OTHERWISE, NO RISK (NOT A BBP EXPOSURE).

23 TERMINOLOGY: EXPOSURE “EXPOSURE” = a behavioral event/ incident (ie, needlestick, mucous membrane splash) INFECTION “INFECTION” = a biologic/ immunologic event (ie, growth of organism, antibody response = seroconversion) DISEASE “DISEASE” = a clinical event (ie, symptoms and/or signs of the infection) R. Ball, MD, MPH

24 WHAT IS HEPATITIS B VIRAL INFECTION OF THE LIVER VIRAL INFECTION OF THE LIVER SYMPTOMS – NONE to MILD to SEVERE SYMPTOMS – NONE to MILD to SEVERE CHRONIC CARRIERS (5%) CAN DEVELOP CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE AND CAN INFECT OTHERS CHRONIC CARRIERS (5%) CAN DEVELOP CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE AND CAN INFECT OTHERS 95% SPONTANEOUS RESOLUTION 95% SPONTANEOUS RESOLUTION INCUBATION PERIOD – AVERAGE DAYS. RANGE DAYS. INCUBATION PERIOD – AVERAGE DAYS. RANGE DAYS. HEPATITIS B VACCINE – PROVIDES IMMUNITY HEPATITIS B VACCINE – PROVIDES IMMUNITY

25 WHAT IS HEPATITIS C VIRAL INFECTION OF THE LIVER VIRAL INFECTION OF THE LIVER CAN LEAD TO CIRRHOSIS AND CANCER CAN LEAD TO CIRRHOSIS AND CANCER LEADING INDICATOR FOR LIVER TRANSPLANT LEADING INDICATOR FOR LIVER TRANSPLANT FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS OR NO SYMPTOMS FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS OR NO SYMPTOMS INCUBATION PERIOD – AVERAGE 6-7 WEEKS. RANGE 2-26 WEEKS INCUBATION PERIOD – AVERAGE 6-7 WEEKS. RANGE 2-26 WEEKS NO VACCINE OR PEP AVAILABLE NO VACCINE OR PEP AVAILABLE

26 HEPATITIS C VIRUS CLINICAL: CLINICAL: 60-70% - No Symptoms 60-70% - No Symptoms 10-20% - Mild Symptoms 10-20% - Mild Symptoms 20-30% - Symptoms (Jaundice) 20-30% - Symptoms (Jaundice) 85% become chronic (lifelong) carriers! 85% become chronic (lifelong) carriers!

27 HEPATITIS C VIRUS RISK FACTORS RISK FACTORS (90% New Acute HepC) – diagnosed cases: (90% New Acute HepC) – diagnosed cases: Injecting drug use (~60%) Injecting drug use (~60%) sexual exposures (~15%) sexual exposures (~15%) transfusions (~1% - prev. 10% prior to 1992) transfusions (~1% - prev. 10% prior to 1992) occupational (HCWs – 1-2%) occupational (HCWs – 1-2%) unknown (10-20%) unknown (10-20%) 3-4 million chronic carriers in USA (CDC) 3-4 million chronic carriers in USA (CDC) 36, 000 new infections annually in US 36, 000 new infections annually in US 50,000-70,000 cases estimated in South Carolina 50,000-70,000 cases estimated in South Carolina

28 WHAT IS HIV/AIDS? HIV = VIRUS THAT CAUSES AIDS HIV = VIRUS THAT CAUSES AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus destroys T Cells (Necessary for Healthy Immune System) Human Immunodeficiency Virus destroys T Cells (Necessary for Healthy Immune System) INCUBATION PERIOD: Conversion to HIV + Within 25 Days to 3 months. Rarely Longer Than 6 Months INCUBATION PERIOD: Conversion to HIV + Within 25 Days to 3 months. Rarely Longer Than 6 Months Can Be HIV POSITIVE But Not Have AIDS Can Be HIV POSITIVE But Not Have AIDS PEP is available – initiate as soon as possible. The interval after which there is no benefit for humans is undefined. PEP is available – initiate as soon as possible. The interval after which there is no benefit for humans is undefined.

29 AIDS = ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME ½ People with HIV develop AIDS within 10 Years HIV + Opportunistic Diseases & Destroyed T Cells = AIDS

30 RISK OF INFECTION WITH HEP C, HEP B, and HIV AFTER ONE NEEDLESTICK EXPOSURE HEP B-30% (UNLESS VACCINE IMMUNITY) HEP B-30% (UNLESS VACCINE IMMUNITY) HEP C- 1-3% HEP C- 1-3% HIV-.3% HIV-.3% AFTER MUCOUS MEMBRANE EXPOSURE, EXAMPLE - SPLASH HEP B – 10% (UNLESS VACCINE IMMUNITY) HEP B – 10% (UNLESS VACCINE IMMUNITY) HEP C 1% HEP C 1% HIV.1 % HIV.1 %

31 HEPATITIS B, HEPATITIS C & HIV Life-threatening BBP Life-threatening BBP Transmitted through exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids Transmitted through exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids Anyone with occupational exposure is at risk Anyone with occupational exposure is at risk Workers must use PPE and engineering controls Workers must use PPE and engineering controls

32 OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURES: EMPLOYEE’S RESPONSIBILITIES KNOW BASIC BBP (HBV, HCV, HIV) ISSUES KNOW BASIC BBP (HBV, HCV, HIV) ISSUES ATTEND ANNUAL BBP TRAINING ATTEND ANNUAL BBP TRAINING KNOW WHAT IS A BONA FIDE EXPOSURE KNOW WHAT IS A BONA FIDE EXPOSURE REPORT IT REPORT IT If you don’t know, ASK! If you don’t know, ASK!

33 IF YOU THINK YOU HAVE BEEN EXPOSED IMMEDIATELY TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF and IMMEDIATELY NOTIFY YOUR SUPERVISOR

34 BBPs: 4 BASIC REQUIREMENTS 4 BASIC MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS TO VALIDATE AN OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE CAUSING THE INFECTION (i.e., WORK. COMP.): 4 BASIC MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS TO VALIDATE AN OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE CAUSING THE INFECTION (i.e., WORK. COMP.): 1 1. DOCUMENTED BONA FIDE EXPOSURE 1 2. SOURCE PATIENT (+) FOR BBP 1 3. EXPOSED EMPLOYEE BASELINE TEST (-) 1 4. EXPOSED EMPLOYEE FOLLOWUP TEST (+) ROBERT BALL

35 RESOURCE WEBSITES National Association of School Nurses - National Association of School Nurses Implementing OSHA Standards in a School Setting Implementing OSHA Standards in a School Setting Occupational Exposure to BBP Occupational Exposure to BBP

36 End of Module Click Here Click Here to return to the Employee Training Page Click Here


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