Presentation on theme: "Annual Staff Training New Providence School District Carol McCabe, R.N. Jan Miller, R.N. Trish Kalinger, R.N. Bloodborne Pathogens."— Presentation transcript:
Annual Staff Training New Providence School District Carol McCabe, R.N. Jan Miller, R.N. Trish Kalinger, R.N. Bloodborne Pathogens
Objectives Define “bloodborne pathogens” Describe modes of transmission Recognize activities that may lead to exposure Identify the exposure control plan, its location and appropriate post-exposure action
What Are Bloodborne Pathogens? Microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria Found in blood and cause disease in humans Examples Hepatitis B Hepatitis C HIV
Hepatitis B Virus that infects the liver Transmitted through blood to blood contact Hepatitis B can survive for at least one week dried at room temperature on surfaces Can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer Symptoms may occur 1-9 months after exposure Vaccine available to prevent Hepatitis B No cure available
Hepatitis C Caused by virus Causes inflammation of the liver Potential for chronic liver disease Transmitted through exposure to blood No vaccine to prevent Hepatitis C No cure available
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus Primarily of concern to employees providing first aid or medical care in situations involving blood Fragile virus—does not survive long outside the human body No vaccine to prevent HIV No cure available
Transmission In the School Setting Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass or other sharps Contact with infected blood Mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth) Open sores Cuts Abrasions
Protection Avoid contact with blood. Follow standard precautions — treat all blood and body fluids as potentially infectious. Use personal protective equipment--PPE
Personal Protective Equipment Gloves are a barrier to potentially infectious material. The school nurse can provide disposable gloves for your use. ALWAYS wear gloves if contact with blood is possible.
Disposal of PPE Remove gloves in a manner that prevents touching the contaminated surface with your skin. Turn gloves inside out to remove. Click on picture below for a VIDEO demonstration.
Hygiene After glove removal, wash hands for at least 15 seconds with antibacterial soap. If accidental exposure occurs, wash hands or other exposed skin as soon as possible.
Decontamination All work surfaces tools, equipment and other objects that have come in contact with blood or potentially infectious materials should be decontaminated as soon as possible with approved solution. Please contact the custodial staff for cleanup.
Exposure Control Plan The purpose of the plan is to protect all occupationally exposed employees from exposure to any blood or body fluid. A copy of the plan is available in principal’s office and in the health office.
What To Do If Exposure Occurs Wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. If mucus membranes (lips, eyes, nose) are exposed, flush or rinse with copious amounts of water. Report exposure immediately to school nurse and supervisor. Fill out exposure report form. Seek medical attention as directed.
Your Rights Access to personal protective equipment Immediate medical evaluation if exposed Confidential treatment
Your Responsibilities Always use standard precautions. Immediately report all exposures. Comply with post exposure follow up. Complete annual bloodborne pathogen training. If you have any questions, contact your school nurse.