Presentation on theme: "Oklahoma State University"— Presentation transcript:
1Oklahoma State University Bloodborne PathogenAwareness TrainingThis is Awareness Training only. Certification is given only after attendance at an on-campus training session.
2Why is this important? OSHA BB Pathogen Standard anyone whose job requires exposure to BB pathogens is required to complete trainingemployees who are trained in CPR and first aidThe more you know, the better you will perform in real situations!
3What is a BB Pathogen?Microorganisms that are carried in the blood that can cause disease in humans
4Common BB Pathogen Diseases MalariaBrucellosisSyphilisHepatitis B(HBV)Hepatitis C(HCV)Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
5Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) HIV is the virus that leads to AIDSHIV depletes the immune systemHIV does not survive well outside the bodyNo threat on contracting HIV through casual contact
6Hepatitis B (HBV)May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and deathVaccination available since 1982HBV can survive for at least one week in dried bloodSymptoms can occur 1- 9 months after exposure1—1.25 million Americans are chronically infectedSymptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting
7Hepatitis C (HCV)Hepatitis C is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United StatesSymptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomitingMay lead to chronic liver disease and death
8Potentially Infectious Body Fluids Skin tissue, cell culturesAny other body fluidBloodSalivaVomitUrineSemen or vaginal secretions
9Transmission Potential Contact with another person’s blood or body fluid that may contain bloodMucous membranes: eyes, mouth, noseNon-intact skinContaminated sharps/needles
10Your Exposure Potential Industrial accidentAdministering first aidPost-accident cleanupHandling of returned productJanitorial or maintenance workHandling of any waste products
11Universal Precautions Use of proper PPETreat all blood and body fluids as if they are contaminatedProper cleanup and decontaminationDisposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner
12Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Anything that is used to protect a person from exposureLatex or Nitrile gloves, goggles, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, respirators
13PPE Rules to RememberAlways check PPE for defects or tears before usingIf PPE becomes torn or defective remove and get newRemove PPE before leaving a contaminated areaDo not reuse disposable equipment
14Decontamination When cleaning up surfaces use Hepacide Quat® Do an initial wipe upSpray and allow it to stand for ten minutes then wipe upDispose of all wipes in biohazard containersPPE should be removed and disposed of in biohazard containers
15Hand Washing Wash hands immediately after removing PPE Use a soft antibacterial soapA hand sanitizer can be used, but wash with soap and water as soon as possible.
16Regulated Medical Waste Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious material (OPIM)Contaminated items that would release blood or OPIM when compressedContaminated sharpsPathological and microbiological waste containing blood or OPIM
17Signs & LabelsLabels must include the universal biohazard symbol, and the term “Biohazard” must be attached to:containers of regulated biohazard wasterefrigerators or freezers containing blood or OPIMcontainers used to store, transport, or ship blood or OPIM
18Exposure IncidentA specific incident of contact with potentially infectious body fluidIf there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposureReport all accidents involving blood or body fluidsPost-exposure medical evaluations are offered
19Post-Exposure Evaluation Confidential medical evaluationDocument route of exposureIdentify source individualTest source individual’s blood (with individual’s consent)Provide results to exposed employee
20Hepatitis B Vaccination Strongly endorsed by medical communitiesOffered to all potentially exposed employeesProvided at no cost to employeesDeclination form
21Recordkeeping Medical records include: Hepatitis B vaccination status Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up resultsTraining records include:Training datesContents of the trainingSignature of trainer and trainee
22In ConclusionBB pathogen rules are in place for your health and safetyFailure to follow them is a risk that does not need to be taken
23Questions?Oklahoma State University Environmental Health & Safety