Presentation on theme: "Bloodborne Pathogens Training for School Staff"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bloodborne Pathogens Training for School Staff Annual In-service
2 Training Objectives Provide a basic understanding of: Bloodborne pathogens (BBP)Common modes of transmission of BBPMethods to prevent transmission of BBPInformation to help school staff maintain compliance with the BBP standard
3 Why do I need this training Schools are responsible for identifying and educating staff who have the potential to be in contact with bloodborne pathogens.Proper training can significantly reduce the risk of workers contracting HIV, hepatitis C, hepatitis B or other blood-borne diseases.
4 What are Bloodborne Pathogens? Viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms that are carried in the bloodstream and can cause disease.The most common BBP’s are:Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)Hepatitis B (HBV)Hepatitis C (HBC)
5 Hepatitis B Inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus. Most infectious bloodborne hazard.Virus can survive outside the body for up to a week.Symptoms may include: pain on right side, jaundice, flu like symptoms, or dark urine.
6 Hepatitis B Vaccine A safe and effective vaccine is available. Vaccination is a series of 3 injections over a period of 6 months.Hepatitis B vaccine series must be offered at no charge to all staff who are at risk of an occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials.
7 Hepatitis CInflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV)Symptoms are similar to hepatitis BCauses chronic liver disease.No vaccine. No cure.Virus does not survive well outside of the body.
8 HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus Destroys the immune system and can lead to the disease know as AIDSYou cannot rely on symptoms to tell if a person has HIV/AIDSSymptoms may liedormant for 10 yearsor more.
9 You can’t “catch” hepatitis B, C, or HIV from…. Working with or being around someone who has the diseaseSweat, spit, tears, clothes, drinking fountains, phones, toilet seats, or through everyday things like sharing a mealInsect bites or stingsDonating bloodA closed-mouth kiss
10 Modes of TransmissionBloodborne pathogens can be transmitted when there is direct contact with blood of an infected person through:Blood entering through open cuts, wounds or abrasionsBlood splashes to mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, or mouth
11 Universal Precautions The practice of treating ALL human blood as though it is infectious.Key to prevention of infection.Use any time that there is a possibility of coming into contact with blood or other potentially infectious material.Includes the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and hand washing.
12 PPE Provided to staff at no cost. Available in nurse’s office or with first aid supplies.Includes:GlovesGownsEye protection
13 Hand washing Single most important aspect of infection control. Wash hands immediately after contamination with blood or body fluids and after removing PPE.Use soap and water to wash hands when available or alcohol based sanitizer if not.Always use soap and water if hands are visibly contaminated.
14 Disposal of SharpsAnything that can puncture your skin is considered a sharp.All contaminated sharps should be disposed of in a designated sharps container as soon as possible.Sharps containers can be found in the nurse’s office.Red biohazard bags are also available for disposal of blood saturated linens.
15 DecontaminationClean and decontaminate all equipment and environmental surfaces after contact with blood or body fluidsAlways wear PPEAbsorb spillApply 10% bleach solution or approved disinfectantWipe up and allow to air dry
16 What is an exposure incident? Exposure is defined as a specific incident, while providing job duties, that results in blood or other potentially infectious materials “getting in” through:Non-intact skinMucous membranes(eyes, nose, mouth)
17 What to do if an exposure occurs IMMEDIATELY:Wash exposed area with soap and waterFlush blood splashes to mucous membranes with waterIrrigate eyes with water or salineReport the incident to your school nurse and principal for follow up and to fill out a report.