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Sexual Feelings + Relationships Chapter 24. Sexual Feelings  During your teen years, hormones can cause teens to experience a variety of new feelings.

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Presentation on theme: "Sexual Feelings + Relationships Chapter 24. Sexual Feelings  During your teen years, hormones can cause teens to experience a variety of new feelings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexual Feelings + Relationships Chapter 24

2 Sexual Feelings  During your teen years, hormones can cause teens to experience a variety of new feelings.  Sexual feelings are related to this release of hormones.  Your body reacts in a variety of ways.  Hot, flushed face.  Heart beats faster  Fluttery feeling in stomach  You have no control over these feelings.  You do have complete control over what you do about them.  Being physically attracted to someone and being in love are not the same thing.  Infatuation can feel like love.  Love develops over time and results from shared values and goals.

3 Teens and High-Risk Behavior  The choice to become sexually active during your teen years carries enormous consequences.  Unplanned pregnancy can interfere with your future goals and dreams.  Sexually Transmitted Diseases have lifelong consequences.  Peer pressure is one of the biggest influences to becoming sexually active.  For females, becoming sexually active may make them feel grown up.  For males, it makes them feel macho, or important. Are you ready to handle the consequences of early sexual activity?

4 Consequences of Teen Sex  Pregnancy and STDs are some of the risks, but not all of the risks.  In some states it is illegal for adult males and females to engage in sexual activity with anyone under the age of 18, if the two aren’t married.  Possible consequences: jail time and branded as a sex offender.  Potential complications during childbirth due to the fact that the female’s body may not be mature enough for a healthy pregnancy.  The cervix of a younger teen is thin and underdeveloped.  This can threaten the life of the mother and baby.  Other problems include conflicts with family and friends, a feeling of commitment to your partner (spending an inordinate amount of time with your partner and neglecting friends and family, other relationships, and interests).


6 Making the Healthy Choice  Abstinence is the only 100% effective guarantee against unintended pregnancy and STDs.  A contraceptive is a birth control device. It acts as a barrier to prevent sperm cells from fertilizing eggs.  A condom is a thin sheath that is placed on an erect penis to catch semen when the male ejaculates.  It must be used according to instructions on the package.  A spermicide is a chemical that kills sperm.  Most effective when used with another form of contraception.

7 Making the Healthy Choice Prescription Contraceptives  Oral contraceptives, birth control pills, prevent ovulation or affect the lining of the uterus so that it cannot support and nourish a fertilized egg.  Contain female hormones and must be taken everyday.  A Diaphragm is a dome-shaped rubber cup placed within the vagina that covers the cervix, blocking sperm from entering the uterus.  Used with a spermicide for added protection.

8 Making the Healthy Choice  Injections of female hormones, similar to the pill, and are effective for three months.  This helps eliminate the “forgetfulness” of pills.  Implants consist of six match-stick-like capsules inserted under the skin in the female’s upper arm.  The capsules are effective for five years.

9 Sexual Harassment  Sexual harassment is unwanted an unwelcome sexual attention.  Can take place anywhere, occur to anyone, both males and females can be harassed or either can be the harasser.  Sexual harassment includes any of the following actions:  Making sexual comments, gestures, or looks.  Touching, pinching, or grabbing.  Leaning over or cornering.  Sending obscene letters, sexual notes, pictures, or graffiti.  Pressuring another person to do something sexual.  Refusing to accept a “no” when asking for a date.  Consequences of sexual harassment include:  Fear, poor self-image, depression, and skipping school to avoid the harassment.  File a complaint, the school must investigate the harassment.


11 Teen Pregnancy  Each year nearly one million teens become pregnant.  85% are unintentional.  Teens who are pregnant need to take action.  Find someone to talk to. This could be difficult.  Tell your partner. He should tell his parents.  Seek a health professional and begin prenatal care. This increases the likelihood of a healthy baby.

12 Diversity in Relationships  Sexuality is part of your personality.  Your sexuality is influenced by the way you feel about yourself.  Adolescence is a time when your sexual feelings emerge.  These feelings are normal and healthy.  Sexual feelings are also important for the reproductive process.  You need to learn to recognize them and respond in a healthful way.  Hormones are chemical substances produced in certain glands in the body.  Hormones cause the body to respond to sexual feelings.  These changes are normal and outside of your control.  It can be difficult to make a responsible decision when you have strong feelings.  For that reason alone, it is a good idea to set limits on expressing affection.

13 Sexual Orientation  Sexual orientation is part of a person’s personality and defines the way he or she is attracted to others.  A few of the most common labels people use to describe sexual orientation and gender identity are as follows:  Homosexual describes an individual who is sexually attracted to people of the same gender.  Bisexual describes an individual who is sexually attracted to people of both genders.  Heterosexual describes an individual who is attracted to people of the opposite gender.  Intersexual describes an individual who was born with both male and female characteristics.  Transgender describes individuals whose gender identity differs from others of their gender.  Questioning describes an individual who questions their own identity and orientation.  LGBTQ is a common acronym meaning lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning.

14 Gender and Gender Identity  Gender identification describes the biological traits of a person.  Sexual orientation describes the gender to whom a person is attracted.  Sexual activity will not help a teen discover his or her orientation.  Your orientation is part of you and how you feel. Behavior is what you do.  Gender and gender identification common terms:  Sex describes the biological sex traits of the human body.  Transgender is a general term describing an individual whose gender identity differs from that of his or her biological traits.  Intersex is a term that describes a variety of conditions in which a person’s reproductive or sexual anatomy seems to be different.

15 Questioning Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity  Teen years are especially difficult because of the number of changes every teenager experiences.  A teen who is also questioning his or her sexual identity faces a tremendous amount of pressure and stress.  They feel concerned whether friends and family will accept them.  Teens who have questions about their sexual orientation should consider speaking to a counselor.

16 Coming Out  Coming out refers to recognizing yourself or telling others that you are LGBTQ.  Some LGBTQ people report that they began feeling different at an early age.  A person who experiences these feelings is the only person who to tell and when to tell others.  No one should pressure someone to come out before he or she is ready.  Coming out is a personal decision.  Carefully consider who to tell.  Define the reasons why you want to come out.  Avoid coming out when you or another person is angry.  Avoid coming out to a person who may physically hurt you.  Avoid telling someone who may tease you or tell others without your permission.  Be prepared for the possibility that the other person may be surprised and say things that he or she later regrets.  The Trevor Project operates a free, 24-hour, 7-day-a-week hotline for LGBTQ youth. 1-866-488-7386  All calls are confidential and taken by trained professionals

17 Dating  Many dating relationships end because one or both people develop new interests.  This is normal, still rejection is painful.  It is a good idea to wait until you feel comfortable to begin dating.  No one should feel pressured to date, it is OK to say no.  Be kind when saying “no”. Avoid hurting the person’s feelings.  Your parents or guardians can help you decide at what age dating is best.

18 Making Decisions about Sexual Activity  It is important to set limits regarding sexual activity.  Engaging in sexual activity raises the risk for getting STDs and becoming pregnant.  Physical attraction is not the same thing as being in love.  You do not have to engage in sexual activity to show affection.  Show attraction and affection by holding hands, hugging, kissing, enjoying activities together, and getting to know and understand each other while practicing abstinence.  Most teens practice abstinence.  Group dating can reduce the pressure to become sexually active.

19 Risks of Sexual Activity  Factors that contribute to teen sexual activity include:  A lack of medical information;  Drug and alcohol use;  Negative peer pressure;  Images of sex in the media.  The Physical Risks:  Pregnancy;  Quit school, have to work/find a job, risks due to the teen body still growing and maturing, and babies tend to have a low birth weight.  STDs  Including some that can cause sterility or even kill you.

20 Marriage Vows  Marriage is one of the biggest commitments two people can make.  A commitment is a promise or a pledge.  The major responsibilities of marriage include:  Caring for another person;  Respecting the other person’s needs and desires;  Acting in a trustworthy way;  Working at all times to make the relationship stronger.  A good marriage needs good communication skills, emotional maturity, and shared values and interests.

21 Why Some People Marry/Divorce  “In Love”, the reason why most people marry.  This is a key ingredient, but it is not enough on it’s own.  Scientists have studied relationships and find that emotional maturity is a key factor to a lasting marriage.  Emotionally mature people are generally able to deal with their emotional needs in healthy ways.  Divorce is a legal action that dissolves a marriage.  More than half of all marriages today end in divorce.  Divorce is not easy on the people involved.  It brings many changes.  Breaking up a family and splitting up a household.  For a child, one parent leaves.  At some point a divorced parent may decide to remarry.  Becoming part of a new family.  Stepparent  Stepbrothers/Stepsisters.  Financial difficulties are not uncommon.  Children sometimes blames themselves.  Divorce happens because adults are not able to resolve their differences.  Good communication is a key to happy lives after divorce.

22 Teen Marriage  Teens marry for many reasons.  Pregnancy is the most common.  Married teens give up other interests for marriage.  School activities, sports, hanging out with friends.  This creates unhappiness.  Many wish they weren’t married.  Often drop out of school.  Well paying jobs are harder to find.  Financial problems make teen marriages more difficult.  Marrying because of an unplanned pregnancy.  Multiple stresses as a couple.  Caring for the baby is expensive.  One or both parents will have to work to earn enough income to care for a family.

23 Parenthood  Parenting is 24/7, it pays no salary, and requires many skills.  Both parents must become teacher, counselor, supervisor, nurse, cook, and role models.  Parents are responsible for:  Food;  Shelter;  Rest;  Protection from harm;  Clothing;  Medical care.  Parents must meet children’s emotional needs.  Love, attention, support, and encouragement.  Good nurturing can help a child develop their own identity, self-respect, and a healthy sense of independence.

24 The Strain of Teen Parenthood  Teen parents have many responsibilities:  Attend school;  Homework;  Care for the baby;  Work a job.  All of this puts strain on relationships with other family members and usually will cost you your friendships.  Most teens lack the knowledge, skills, emotional maturity, and financial resources required of parenting.  Guys, you are financially responsible for your child until they are age 20.  Safe Surrender, or Safe Haven laws make it possible for a parent to leave an infant in a safe place without the risk of being charged with abandonment.  Teen parents should seek help from a trusted adult or trained counselor to learn to manage emotions that result from surrendering a child.

25 Conception The difference between conception and pregnancy: Conception is what happens when one sperm penetrates the egg in the outer edge of the fallopian tube.; When the fertilized egg implants in the uterine lining, that’s pregnancy.

26 Pregnancy

27  During pregnancy, a female should see a doctor regularly to check the health of the developing baby as well as ensure the health of the mother.  An embryo is the developing organism from fertilization to about the eighth week of its development.

28 Pregnancy  A fetus is the developing organism from the end of the eighth week until birth (about 9 months).

29 Pregnancy and Giving Birth  The body of the mother-to-be provides the unborn baby with food and oxygen from the placenta, a thick, rich lining that builds up along the wall of the uterus.  The umbilical cord is a cord arising from the navel that connects the fetus with the placenta.

30 Birth  Birth occurs in three stages:  Stage One: the mother begins to feel contractions, or when the muscles in the uterus begin to squeeze and release gently.  Stage Two: the cervix continues to dilate, preparing for the baby to pass through.  Stage Three: Once the baby is born, the placenta is no longer needed. The uterus continues to contract until the placenta is pushed out.

31 Care for the Pregnant Woman  Prenatal care consists of steps taken to provide for the health of a pregnant woman and her unborn baby.  Prenatal means before birth.  The mother needs this care due to the rapidly changing pregnant body.  Prenatal care includes the following:  Making regular visits to the doctor;  Eating nutritious food;  Getting enough rest;  Avoiding the use of tobacco, alcohol, and all drugs not prescribed by the doctor.  Often a doctor will prescribe vitamins or supplements.  Folic acid has been shown to reduce the likelihood of birth defects in infants.

32 Sexually Transmitted Diseases  Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are communicable health problems passed from one person to anther through sexual contact.  Anyone who is sexually active runs the risk of becoming infected..  13 million people become infected with STDs each year.  66% of these people are teens and young adults.  Many people, especially teens, do not seek help when they think they have an STD. They hope the disease will just go away.  STDs left untreated can do serious harm.  Sterility, blindness, deafness, heart disease, cancer, brain damage, and even death.  Sometimes STDs may have no obvious signs or symptoms.  This means it can be passed on without knowing of the infection.  Some symptoms go away to only come back later.  The only treatment for an STD, is to see a doctor.

33 Types of STDs  Chlamydia is the most common of all bacterial STDs.  It is not uncommon to have no symptoms present.  Signs are burning during urination and unusual fluid discharge from the penis or vagina.  If left untreated, chlamydia can cause serious damage to the reproductive organ.  In females chlamydia may also lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), the most common cause of sterility in women.  It can also be passed to an unborn baby.  Genital Warts are small growths or bumps that form on the genitals.  One million new infections each year.  If left untreated, it grows in clusters that look like cauliflower.  More than 100 strains of human papillomavirus (HPV).  Several of these have been linked to cervical and genital cancers.  In 2009 two vaccines that prevent many of the cancers caused by HPV were introduced.

34 Types of STDs  Genital herpes is an incurable STD caused by the herpes simplex virus.  Signs are painful, itchy sores and blisters in the genital area.  Sores usually vanish in 2-3 weeks.  Symptoms may return again and again.  There is no cure.  There is medicine to reduce the frequency of outbreaks.  The virus can be transmitted without having sexual intercourse and even when the sores are not present.  Trichomoniasis is an STD caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis.  Symptoms include vaginal discharge, discomfort during urination, and irritation or itching in the genital area. Some people have no symptoms.  It can be treated and cured with medications.

35 Types of STDs  Pubic lice are insects that infect a person’s genital area.  Also known as “crabs”.  Symptoms are itching in the genital area and crawling insects that are visible to the naked eye. They are highly contagious.  Treated with medicated shampoo and prescription lotion.  Gonorrhea is an STD caused by bacteria that live mostly in the male’s urethra and the female’s vagina.  Symptoms include a yellowish discharge and burning during urination.  Males also get swollen lymph glands in the groin.  Females experience abnormal menstrual cycles and abdominal pain. PID is also a possibility and problems during pregnancy.  If left untreated it can affect other parts of the body to include the joints and heart.  Fertility problems are also a concern.  Treatment used to be penicillin, now other antibiotics may be needed.

36 Types of STDs  Syphilis used to be a serious health concern among sexually active people.  Incidences have been declining in recent years.  One of the most damaging of all STDs.  Symptoms include first stage painless sores at the place of infection and swollen lymph glands. Second stage the bacteria can cause a severe rash.  Damage can occur in many organs and the brain.  Causes mental disorders, heart problems, blindness, and death.  If discovered in the first or second stage, syphilis can be cured with antibiotics.  Hepatitis B is caused by a virus that affects the liver.  Symptoms include fatigue, abdominal pain, vomiting, joint pain, and loss of appetite.  Transmitted sexually, by sharing contaminated needles, and by an infected mother to her baby during delivery.  Incurable, yet in some cases, adults who acquire the disease can fully recover. It can also cause lifelong problems.  There is a vaccine that can prevent the transmission of Hepatitis B.  It is routinely given to children from birth to age 18.

37 Types of STDs  HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease that interferes with the body’s ability to fight infection.  Once in the blood, HIV breaks down the immune system.  In the final stage of infection, the body cannot fight of diseases.  HIV is spread through specific bodily fluids such as semen, vaginal fluid, blood, and breast milk.  The following activities can spread HIV:  Engaging in sexual activity with skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.  Using a contaminated needle while getting a tattoo, body piercing, or when using illegal drugs through an injection.  A female can transmit HIV to her baby during childbirth or through her breast milk.  You cannot spread HIV by: shaking hands, using personal items, being in the same area as an infected person, donating blood, or being bitten by a mosquito that has bitten an infected person.

38 HIV  Diagnosis and treatment:  Your body produces antibodies to fight HIV when it enters the body. HIV can be diagnosed with a test that looks for those antibodies.  In most people, it takes 25 days for the antibodies to develop. For others, it takes 6 months or longer.  Due to advances in science today, infected people live longer healthier lives.  Many of these drugs are expensive and have side effects.  Scientists are working on a vaccine.  Progress is slow due to the several forms of HIV.  No one dies of AIDS, they die from opportunistic diseases.  AIDS defining opportunistic illnesses are diseases that would not harm a person with a healthy immune system.  A blood test is the only way to determine if a person is infected with HIV and it has progressed to AIDS.

39 Avoiding STDS and HIV/AIDS  Becoming infected with an STD or HIV can lead to serious health problems.  Abstinence is the only sure way of avoiding infection.  Using a condom can lessen the risk, but will not eliminate the risk.  Injection drugs are drugs injected directly into the muscle or blood stream with a needle.  Sharing a needle is a high risk behavior for potential infection of a variety of deadly blood borne pathogens to include HIV.  Be responsible. Being sexually active requires accepting adult responsibilities.  Talk openly to your partner and ask about past relationships. Some people may not be honest about their past experiences.  Avoid multiple sex partners. Studies show that people who have more than one sex partner are at a greater risk of infection. Seek a relationship with one person and then remain faithful.  Avoid high-risk sex, anal sex. Delicate blood vessels in the rectum rupture easily, thus increase the chances of a blood borne pathogen.  Use a latex condom to lessen the risk of getting an STD or becoming infected with a blood borne pathogen. Condoms do not eliminate the risk.

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