Presentation on theme: " Explain the importance of the hip and pelvis as a support structure for the human body. Describe the skeletal structure of the hip and pelvis. List."— Presentation transcript:
Explain the importance of the hip and pelvis as a support structure for the human body. Describe the skeletal structure of the hip and pelvis. List the primary muscles of the hip and pelvis. Describe common injuries associated with the hip and pelvis.
Ball and socket joint Head of femur fits into the acetabulum Strongest joint in the body Supported by muscles, ligaments, and tendons
Function of pelvis is to transmit weight from axial skeleton to legs Attachment for many muscles of the leg Houses digest and urinary tracts Houses reproductive systems Important differences between males and females
Ilium: broad, flared bone of the upper and lateral pelvis Iliac Crest: upper ridge of ilium Sacrum: part of the vertebral column between lumbar vertebrae and coccyx; composed of five fused vertebrae Ischium: bears body weight when sitting Obturator foramina: openings for blood vessels and nerves Pubis: front of pelvis below the bladder Coccyx: 3-5 verebrae, tailbone
Male ◦ narrower, heart-shaped pelvic inlet ◦ narrower sciatic notch ◦ narrower angle where the two pubic bones meet in front Female ◦ open, circular pelvic inlet ◦ broader sciatic notch ◦ wider angle where the two pubic bones meet in front ◦ more outwardly flared hip bones Male on the left. Female on the right. Women’s are less dense and smaller, shorter, and wider.
Hip flexion: iliopsoas, sartorius, pectineus, rectus femoris Hip extension: Gluteus maximus, biceps femoris Hip abduction: gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, abductor brevis, Hip adduction: adductor magnus, adductor longus
With the leg to be stretched behind the other leg and rotated slightly outward, shift weight to the other leg. Posture is erect with hips thrust forward. Kneel on a towel, then thrust forward with the hips, maintaining an erect posture.
In standing or sitting position, grab ankle and bring leg into knee flexion. Keep torso and hip erect.
Seated hamstring stretch Seated hamstring stretch with other leg dangling Standing hamstring stretch Standing hamstring stretch on bar
Supine hamstring stretch: grasp behind knee and bring knee to chest, slowly straighten out leg, point toes toward you
In a seated position, pull the heels in as far as possible, then lean forward and push down on knees
In supine position, place heel of leg to be stretched on other knee. Bring knee to chest. Push knee of stretched leg away for a better stretch.