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 Explain the importance of the hip and pelvis as a support structure for the human body.  Describe the skeletal structure of the hip and pelvis.  List.

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Presentation on theme: " Explain the importance of the hip and pelvis as a support structure for the human body.  Describe the skeletal structure of the hip and pelvis.  List."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Explain the importance of the hip and pelvis as a support structure for the human body.  Describe the skeletal structure of the hip and pelvis.  List the primary muscles of the hip and pelvis.  Describe common injuries associated with the hip and pelvis.

3  Ball and socket joint  Head of femur fits into the acetabulum  Strongest joint in the body  Supported by muscles, ligaments, and tendons

4  Function of pelvis is to transmit weight from axial skeleton to legs  Attachment for many muscles of the leg  Houses digest and urinary tracts  Houses reproductive systems  Important differences between males and females

5  Ilium: broad, flared bone of the upper and lateral pelvis  Iliac Crest: upper ridge of ilium  Sacrum: part of the vertebral column between lumbar vertebrae and coccyx; composed of five fused vertebrae  Ischium: bears body weight when sitting  Obturator foramina: openings for blood vessels and nerves  Pubis: front of pelvis below the bladder  Coccyx: 3-5 verebrae, tailbone

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7  Male ◦ narrower, heart-shaped pelvic inlet ◦ narrower sciatic notch ◦ narrower angle where the two pubic bones meet in front  Female ◦ open, circular pelvic inlet ◦ broader sciatic notch ◦ wider angle where the two pubic bones meet in front ◦ more outwardly flared hip bones Male on the left. Female on the right. Women’s are less dense and smaller, shorter, and wider.

8  Hip flexion: iliopsoas, sartorius, pectineus, rectus femoris  Hip extension: Gluteus maximus, biceps femoris  Hip abduction: gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, abductor brevis,  Hip adduction: adductor magnus, adductor longus

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10  With the leg to be stretched behind the other leg and rotated slightly outward, shift weight to the other leg. Posture is erect with hips thrust forward.  Kneel on a towel, then thrust forward with the hips, maintaining an erect posture.

11  In standing or sitting position, grab ankle and bring leg into knee flexion. Keep torso and hip erect.

12  Seated hamstring stretch  Seated hamstring stretch with other leg dangling  Standing hamstring stretch  Standing hamstring stretch on bar

13  Supine hamstring stretch: grasp behind knee and bring knee to chest, slowly straighten out leg, point toes toward you

14  In a seated position, pull the heels in as far as possible, then lean forward and push down on knees

15  In supine position, place heel of leg to be stretched on other knee. Bring knee to chest. Push knee of stretched leg away for a better stretch.


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