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Hip Lab Brandee Johnson Cindy Dong Ken Bufford. Hip joint is a --------------------- joint? Ball-and-socket Ball-and-socket.

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Presentation on theme: "Hip Lab Brandee Johnson Cindy Dong Ken Bufford. Hip joint is a --------------------- joint? Ball-and-socket Ball-and-socket."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hip Lab Brandee Johnson Cindy Dong Ken Bufford

2 Hip joint is a joint? Ball-and-socket Ball-and-socket

3 Name the joint which connects sacrum with the iliac crest? Sacroiliac joint Sacroiliac joint

4 Articulation of which bone makes the hip joint? The head of the femur and acetabulum of the pelvis The head of the femur and acetabulum of the pelvis

5 What are three parts of the pelvic bone? Ilium Ilium Ischium Ischium Pubis Pubis

6 Name the ligaments of hip joint? Iliofemoral ligament Iliofemoral ligament Pubofemoral ligament Pubofemoral ligament Ischiofemoral ligament Ischiofemoral ligament Teres ligament Teres ligament

7 Name the different movements possible in hip joint and the Axis and Plane of each movement. MovementAxisPlane FlexionFrontalSagittal ExtensionFrontalSagittal AbductionSagittalFrontal AdductionSagittalFrontal External/Internal Rotation VerticalTransverse Diagonal Abduction SagittalFrontal Diagonal Adduction SagittalFrontal Anterior/Posterior Rotation FrontalSagittal Lateral Rotation SagittalFrontal Transverse Rotation VerticalTransverse

8 What is the normal range of the movement taking place in hip joint? Flexion – 120° Flexion – 120° Extension – 30° or less Extension – 30° or less Abduction – 45° Abduction – 45° Adduction – 20° Adduction – 20° Rotation – 90° Rotation – 90°

9 To kick a ball for a longer distance you need which muscle to be stronger? Iliopsoas (extend hip) Iliopsoas (extend hip) Quadriceps (extend knee) Quadriceps (extend knee) Gracilis (groin muscle) Gracilis (groin muscle)

10 Label the following in the figure. a-Greater trochanter b-illium c- ischium d-pubis e- ASIS f-lesser trochanter g- sacroiliac joint h-iliac crest i-inferior pubic ramus j- Femoral neck k- sacroiliac joint l- coccyx a-Greater trochanter b-illium c- ischium d-pubis e- ASIS f-lesser trochanter g- sacroiliac joint h-iliac crest i-inferior pubic ramus j- Femoral neck k- sacroiliac joint l- coccyx Greater trochanter Ischium Ilium Pubis ASIS Lesser trochanter Sacroiliac joint Iliac crest Inferior pubic ramus Femoral neck Coccyx

11 MuscleOriginInsertionActionInnervations Adductormagnus Edge of the entire pubis ramus and the ischium and ishial tuberosity Whole length of the linea aspera, inner condyloid ridge and adductor tubercle Adduction of the hip External rotation as the hip adducts Extension of the hip Anterior: Obturator Nerve (L2-L4) Posterior: Sciatic Nerve (L4, L5, S1-S3) Rectus femoris Anterior inferior iliac spine and notch below the spine of the ilium and groove (posterior) above the acetabulum Superior aspects of the patella tendon to the tibia tuberosity Flexion of the hip Extension of the knee Anterior: Pelvic rotation Femoral Nerve (L2-L4)) Sartorius Anterior superior iliac spine and notch below the spine Anterior medial surface of the tibia just below condyle Flexion of the hip Anterior pelvic rotation External rotation of the thigh as it flexes the hip and knee Abduction of the hip Femoral Nerve (L2, L3)

12 MuscleOriginInsertionActionInnervations GracilisAnteromedial edge of the descending ramus of the pubis Anterior medial surface of the tibia below the condyle Adduction of the hip Weak flexion of the knee Assists w/ flexion of hip Internal rotation of the hip Obturator Nerve (L2-L4) PectineusSpace 1 in wide on the front of the pubis just above crest Rough line leading from lesser trochanter down to linea aspera Flexion of the hip Adduction of the hip External rotation of the hip Femoral Nerve (L2-L4)

13 Name the primary hip flexors? Iliopsoas Iliopsoas Rectus Femoris Rectus Femoris Sartorius Sartorius Pectineus Pectineus

14 Name the primary hip extensors? Gluteus Maximus Gluteus Maximus Biceps Femoris Biceps Femoris Semitendinosus Semitendinosus Semimembranosus Semimembranosus External Rotators External Rotators

15 This figure represents which movement of hip joint? Internal Rotation Internal Rotation

16 Injury to the obturator nerve will affect which movement? Adduction Adduction

17 If you are flexing the hip then which type of contraction will take place in hip extensors? Eccentric contraction Eccentric contraction

18 If you maintain your lower limb in full hip flexion then what type of contraction will take place in hip flexors. Concentric contraction Concentric contraction

19 Contracture of hip adductor will lead to loss of which movement? Extension Extension External Rotation External Rotation


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