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Hip and Thigh General Introduction Anatomy. Hip Joint Ball and Socket –Ball = Femoral Head –Socket = Formed by the three Pelvic Bones Socket called the.

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Presentation on theme: "Hip and Thigh General Introduction Anatomy. Hip Joint Ball and Socket –Ball = Femoral Head –Socket = Formed by the three Pelvic Bones Socket called the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hip and Thigh General Introduction Anatomy

2 Hip Joint Ball and Socket –Ball = Femoral Head –Socket = Formed by the three Pelvic Bones Socket called the Accetabulum Much more stable than the shoulder ball and socket

3 Hip Joint Stability Deep Socket –Femoral Head fits inside Deepened & reinforced by a fibrocartilagionous rim –Labrum Acetabulare Encased by a fibrous synovial capsule Three Strong ligaments support the joint –Iliofemoral & Pubofemoral – Anteriorly –Ischiofemoral - Posteriorly

4 Hip Bursae Many bursae surround the hip Two are very important and often injured/damaged in athletics –Trochanteric Bursa Posterior to the Greater Trochanter Deep to the Gluteus Maximus & Tensor fascia lata muscles –Iliopsoas Bursa Between the joint capsule and Iliopsoas anteriorly

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6 Iliopsoas, Sartorius, Rectus Femoris, Adductors Gluteus Maximus, Hamstrings Adductors, Medial Hamstrings Tensor fascia lata, Gluteus Medius & Minimus Tensor fascia lata, Gluteus Medius & Minimus, Adductors, Iliopsoas Gluteus Maximus, Piriformis, Obturartor, Gemellus Primary Flexors Primary Extensors Primary Adductors Primary Abductors Internal Rotators External Rotators Hip Muscles

7 Femur Largest, Longest & Strongest bone –Shaft slightly bowed outward & forward –Accommodate stress of locomotion & weight bearing Femoral Neck –Narrows from the Femoral Head –Just lateral and angled down of the Femoral Head –Weakest point 2 Large prominences on the superior shaft –Greater Trochanter –Lesser Trochanter –Attachment points for ligaments & Muscles

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9 Pelvis Pelvic Ring / Girdle –7 bones Sacrum –Posterior –Flattened fused spinal column vertebrae –Base support of the verteral column Coccyx –3-5 fused vertebrae –Terminal portion of the spinal column

10 2 Innominate bones –Sides of the pelivs 3 fused bones –Amphiarthrosis joints –Curve to form bowl Ilium Ischium Pubis

11 Pelvic Landmarks Pubic Symphysis –Anterior joint –Joins the two innominate pelvic wings Iliac Crest –Outer uppermost ilium Margin 4 Iliac Spines –Muscular Attachments –ASIS, AIIS –PSIS, PIIS Ischial Tuberosity –Hamstring attachment –Weight Bearing structure for sitting Pubic Tubercle –Adductor Attachment


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