2Birth Control Methods Condoms (male and female) Condoms (male and female)Spermicidal Foam or JellySpeculumVaginal Contraceptive FilmBirth Control PillsOrthro-Evra® PatchNuva Ring®Depo-Provera® InformationIUD (Intrauterine Device)Emergency Contraception –Plan B
3Birth Control Pills Pills can be taken to prevent pregnancy Pills are safe and effective when taken properlyPills are over 99% effectiveWomen must have a pap smear to get a prescription for birth control pills
4How does the pill work? Stops ovulation Thins uterine lining Thickens cervical mucus
5Positive Benefits of Birth Control Pills Prevents pregnancyEases menstrual crampsShortens periodRegulates periodDecreases incidence of ovarian cystsPrevents ovarian and uterine cancerDecreases acne
6Side-effects Breast tenderness Nausea Increase in headaches Moodiness Weight changeSpotting
7Taking the Pill Once a day at the same time everyday Use condoms for first monthUse condoms when on antibioticsUse condoms for 1 week if you miss a pill or take one lateThe pill offers no protection from STD’s
8Spermicides:Contraceptive foam, gels, suppositories, and film contain chemicals that kill sperm.They are inserted into the vagina before intercourse and should be used with a condom.75%-80% effective if used alone98% effective if used with condom
9Spermicides-Side Effects Allergic reactionBurning or irritation
10BARRIER METHODPrevents pregnancy blocks the egg and sperm from meetingBarrier methods have higher failure rates than hormonal methods due to design and human error
11MALE CONDOM Perfect effectiveness rate = 97% Typical effectiveness rate = 88%Latex and polyurethane condoms are availableCombining condoms with spermicides raises effectiveness levels to 99%
12MALE CONDOMThin membrane made of latex, polyurethane or sheepskin that fits over the erect penis to catch semen when the male ejaculates.Condoms protect against some STI’s and unwanted pregnancy.Have a reservoir tip to collect semen at ejaculation
13How to Use a Male Condom Check package for expiration date Open package carefully (not with teeth!)Use a water based lubricate if neededPut condom on before you begin to have sexual intercourse-before penis touches other personPlace the unrolled condom on the head of the erect penis.With one hand squeeze the air out of the tip of the condom, and with the other hand unroll the condom to the base of the penisAfter ejaculation, before the penis becomes limp, withdrawal the penis holding the rim of the condom to the base of the penisDispose of used condom in trash, not toilet!
14FEMALE CONDOM Made as an alternative to male condoms Polyurethane Physically inserted in the vaginaPerfect rate = 95%Typical rate = 79%Woman can use female condom if partner refusesFemale Condom
15Depo-ProveraBirth control shot given once every three months to prevent pregnancy99.7% effective preventing pregnancyNo daily pills to remember
16How does the shot work? Stops ovulation Stops menstrual cycles!! Thickens cervical mucus
17SIDE EFFECTS NO PERIOD after 3-6 months Extremely irregular menstrual bleeding and spotting for 3-6 months!NO PERIOD after 3-6 monthsWeight changeBreast tendernessMood change*NOT EVERY WOMAN HAS SIDE-EFFECTS!
18NuvaRingFlexible contraceptive vaginal ring that contains the hormones estrogen and progesterone.The ring releases a continuous low dose of hormones that stops the ovaries from releasing an egg each month.
19NuvaRingInsert the ring in the vagina and leave it there for three weeksRemove the ring for one-week ring-free period, on the same day of the week at about the same time. During the one-week break, you will usually have your menstrual period.
20Side effectsPossible side effects are the same as birth control pills.They may include breast tenderness, headache, nausea, and spotting. Most side effects are not serious and often go away.Women who use hormonal contraception should not smoke
21Ortho Evra (The Patch)Transdermal contraceptive patch that contains estrogen and progesteroneThe patch is thin, beige, flexible , two inch square that is worn on the body.The increased hormone level caused by the patch stops the ovaries from releasing an egg each month
22How it works 99% effective Apply patch one week on the same day each week for three weeksCan wear it on bottom, abdomen, torso, or on the outside of your upper armDuring week four do not wear the patch(your period will begin)
24Emergency Contraception Emergency contraception pills can reduce the chance of a pregnancy by 89% if taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex!
25What is it?Emergency contraception (EC) is a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. It can be started up to five days (120 hours) after unprotected intercourse.
26How does it work?The hormones in the morning after pill work by keeping a woman's ovaries from releasing eggs — ovulation. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg to join with sperm. The hormones in the morning after pill also prevent pregnancy by thickening a woman's cervical mucus. The mucus blocks sperm and keeps it from joining with an egg.
27How do I take it? Taken within a 72 hour period it is 89% effective If taken after 72 hours it is 75% effectiveCan be taken up to 5 days after intercourse but is more effective if takenPlan B can be taken in one dose or two doses. If you take it in two doses, take the second pill 12 hours after the first pill. Or simply take them both at the same time. It's your choice.When you take birth control pills as emergency contraception, you must take the pills in two doses, 12 hours apart. The number of pills in each dose depends on the brand of the pill. You must use the same brand of pill for each dose.
28When should I use it?The condom broke or slipped off, and he ejaculated in your vagina.You forgot to take your birth control pills, insert your ring, or apply your patch.Your diaphragm or cap slipped out of place, and he ejaculated inside your vagina.You miscalculated your "safe" days.He didn't pull out in time.You weren't using any birth control.You were forced to have unprotected vaginal sex, or were raped.
29Emergency Contraception (ECP) Plan B is available from drugstores and health centers without a prescription for women and men 17 and older.If you are interested in getting Plan B and are 17 or older, you can either get it directly from a Planned Parenthood health center or from your local drugstore.If you are younger than 17, you'll need to go to a health center or private health care provider for a prescription.
30WITHDRAWAL Removal of penis from the vagina before ejaculation occurs NOT a sufficient method of birth control by itselfEffectiveness rate is 80%is not recommended for teens and sexually inexperienced men because it takes lots of experience before a man can be sure to know when he's going to ejaculateVery difficult for a male to ‘control’
31How effective is it?Of every 100 women whose partners use withdrawal, 4 will become pregnant each year if they always do it correctly.Of every 100 women whose partners use withdrawal, 27 will become pregnant each year if they don't always do it correctly.Pregnancy is also possible if semen or pre-ejaculate is spilled on the vulva.
32Natural Family Planning & Fertility Awareness Method Women take a class on the menstrual cycle to calculate more fertile timesRequires special equipment and cannot be self-taughtNFP abstains from sex during the calculated fertile timeFAM uses barrier methods during fertile timePerfect effectiveness rate = 91%Typical effectiveness rate = 75%No 100% safe day-irregular periods