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Warm Up Friday, March 1, 2013 State the 3 parts of the cell theory.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Friday, March 1, 2013 State the 3 parts of the cell theory."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm Up Friday, March 1, 2013 State the 3 parts of the cell theory.

2 Latin Root Quiz #3 Words Quiz: Next Wednesday, March 6, 2013

3 Objectives 1)Define the term taxonomy 2)Categorize real world organisms using the hierarchical classification system. 3)Compare & contrast the kingdoms Eubacteria and Archaebacteria.

4 CLASSIFICATION & TAXONOMY NOTES

5 Classification Used to: 1)Name Organisms 2)Group organisms in logical order Quick Write: Answer the following in your notes: Why do we need a standard system for naming things?

6 Taxonomy = scientists classify organisms & assign each organism a universally accepted name Father of Taxonomy = Carolus Linnaeus Developed binomial nomenclature

7 Taxonomy Binomial Nomenclature = each species assigned two-part scientific name Rules: 1) Always written in ITALICS 2) 1 st letter of 1 st word Capitalized (Genus) 3) 2 nd word all lower case (species) 4) 1 st word = genus 5) 2 nd word = species 6) Always in Latin Example: Homo sapien

8 Hierarchial System Taxon = each level in system Kingdom -> Phylum -> Class -> Order -> Family -> Genus -> Species Remember: King Phillip Came Over For Good Soup

9 Phylogeny = study of evolutionary relationships among organisms Used to develop a classification system AKA cladogram

10 3 Domains & 6 Kingdoms Bacteria Kingdom: Eubacteria Archae Kingdom: Archaebacteria Eukarya Kingdoms: Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia

11 Domain Bacteria Only kingdom = Eubacteria Characteristics: Unicellular Prokaryotic Thick rigid cell wall Contain peptidoglycan 2 Types Oxygen Needs: Aerobes = need oxygen Anaerobes = do NOT need oxygen Latin Roots: a/an = not, without

12 Domain Archae Only kingdom = Archaebacteria Characteristics: Unicellular Prokaryotic Live in extreme environments Examples: volcanic hot springs Cell walls lack peptidoglycan Most Anaerobes

13 Prokaryotic Cells REVIEW Only bacteria cells Do NOT have nucleus DNA found in cytoplasm Do NOT have membrane bound organelles More simple cells

14 Eubacteria vs Archaebacteria Venn Diagram EubacteriaArchaebacteria Both

15 Eubacteria vs Archaebacteria Table EubacteriaArchaebacteria Domain Archae Domain Bacteria Unicellular Prokaryotic Cell well with peptidoglycan Aerobic anaerobic Live in extreme environments

16 Domain Foldables When your foldable is complete, please tape or glue it to the next blank sheet in your notebook. Title sheet “Domain Foldables” Front: Make a riddle for the domain. (folds down) Bottom flap: - Draw a picture representing the domain -List 2 characteristics of domain (folds up) Mid flap: List domain name and associated kingdoms Step 1 Step 2Step 3

17 Classification Review Worksheet

18 Warm Up Monday, March 4, 2013 What is the difference between an aerobe and an anaerobe?

19 Warm Up Tuesday, March 5, 2013 List 3 characteristics of prokaryotic cells.

20 Objectives 1) List the 4 kingdoms that belong to the domain Eukarya. 2) List characteristics of a eukaryotic cell. 3) List real world examples of organisms that belong to the kingdoms Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia

21 Domain Eukarya 4 kingdoms = 1)Protista 2)Fungi 3)Plantae 4)Animalia ALL are made of eukaryotic cells

22 Eukaryotic Cells REVIEW More complex Have Nucleus DNA found in nucleus Have membrane bound organelles Animal, plant, fungi, & protists

23 Kingdom Protista Eukaryotic Great variety Characteristics: Most single-celled Photosynthetic OR heterotrophic Latin Roots: Eu = true Hetero = other, different Photo = light

24 Kingdom Fungi Eukaryotic Characteristics: Heterotrophs Most feed on dead or decaying matter Most multicellular, but some unicellular

25 Kingdom Plantae Eukaryotic Characteristics: Multicellular Photosynthetic autotrophs Cells contain chloroplasts Non-motile Cell walls contain cellulose

26 Kingdom Animalia Eukaryotic Very diverse Characteristics Multicellular heterotrophs Do NOT have cell walls Most move about during at least part of their life cycle

27 Domain Foldables When your foldable is complete, please tape or glue it to the next blank sheet in your notebook. Title sheet “Domain Foldables” Front: Make a riddle for the domain. (folds down) Bottom flap: - Draw a picture representing the domain -List 2 characteristics of domain (folds up) Mid flap: List domain name and associated kingdoms Step 1 Step 2Step 3

28 Warm Up Wednesday, March 6, 2013 List one organelle found in plant cells and NOT found in animal cells AND give its function.

29 Dichotomous Key Lab: Common Saltwater Fish of Galveston Bay

30 Warm Up Thursday, March 7, 2013 What organelle helps maintain homeostasis? How?

31 Classification Review Table

32 Warm Up Friday, March 8, 2013 List the 2 biomolecules found in the cell membrane.


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