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Chapter 11: The Texas Revolution Section 5: Independence is Won
Thinking Question How did the fall of the Alamo affect Texas soldiers?
The Runaway Scrape Houston given command of regular and volunteer army Problems: –Short of troops –Lack of supplies –Had to train and organize soldiers General Sam Houston
The Runaway Scrape March 6: leaves Washington-on- the-Brazos March 11: arrives at Gonzales and greeted with rumors of defeat at Alamo Sam Houston statue in Huntsville, Texas
The Runaway Scrape Sends scouts to investigate Scouts come back with survivors Learns Santa Anna is heading to Gonzales: –Houston: 400 men –Santa Anna: 700 men
The Runaway Scrape Houston orders a retreat Civilians flee Ordered the town of Gonzales burned Gonzales burned to keep the Mexicans from attaining supplies
The Runaway Scrape Fearing for their lives, many Texans flee eastward “Runaway Scrape” Heavy rains, flooding, disease
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad General José de Urrea enters Texas with 550 troops Feb 27, 1836: defeats 34 Texans at San Patricio March 2, 1836: defeats 26 Texans at Agua Dulce Creek
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad March 14, 1836: defeats Texans at Refugio Had been sent by Col. James Fannin to evacuate the colony Next target--Goliad
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad James Fannin— colonel commanding Texas troops at Goliad March 14: Received orders from Houston to withdraw Col. James Fannin
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad Fannin waits on his men to return from Refugio General Urrea continues his advance March 18: Urrea’s forces met Fannin’s troops in a series of brief fights
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad Fannin decides to leave fort and head towards Victoria March 19: Texans stop to rest animals and are surrounded Texans: 300 troops Mexicans: 300-500 troops
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad Battle of Coleto Creek Texans pinned down Urrea receives reinforcements
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad Fannin surrenders Rebels are marched back to Goliad Urrea writes to Santa Anna asking permission to hold rebels as POWs Santa Anna orders execution of rebels
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad More than 400 Texas soldiers executed outside of Goliad Some men escaped and survived
Fannin’s Surrender at Goliad Francita Alavez— the Angel of Goliad Bust of Francita Alavez
Houston Prepares the Troops Angry Texans demand an attack on the Mexicans Texas army grown to 1200 soldiers Houston believed army was too small and untrained to take on Mexicans
Houston Prepares the Troops Retreats eastward toward the Brazos River Santa Anna pursues
Houston Prepares the Troops Troops openly criticized Houston for retreating President Burnet: “The enemy are laughing you to scorn.”
Houston Prepares the Troops Set up camp at Groce’s Landing Trained & drilled troops Received supplies and ammunition Replica of one of the “Twin Sisters”
Houston Prepares the Troops April 12: Houston leaves Groce’s Landing April 18: Arrives at Harrisburg Scouts report that Santa Anna is camped nearby Makes decision to attack
The Battle of San Jacinto April 20: Texans set up camp in a grove of trees Santa Anna set up camp at the junction of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou Vulnerable spot
The Battle of San Jacinto April 20: one or two small clashes Mirabeau B. Lamar saved the lives to two Texans Mexicans held ground Mirabeau B. Lamar
The Battle of San Jacinto April 21, noon— holds a meeting with officers Decide to attack, rather than wait Houston assembles 900 troops San Jacinto Battle Flag
The Battle of San Jacinto 3:00 PM: Texans moved from the woods onto the prairie Many Mexican soldiers sleeping Awakened by bullets and cries: –“Remember the Alamo!” –“Remember Goliad!”
The Battle of San Jacinto 18 minutes Many surprised Mexicans fled or tried to surrender 600 Mexicans killed 9 Texans killed Houston Leading Troops at San Jacinto
The Battle of San Jacinto Sam Houston wounded during the battle
The Battle of San Jacinto Santa Anna disappeared during the battle Hid in marsh, discovered the following day Houston would not allow execution Santa Anna Surrendering to Houston
“ My motive in sparing the life of Santa Anna was to relieve the country of all hostile enemies without further bloodshed, and to secure his acknowledgement of our independence” —Sam Houston
11.5 Independence Is Won. The Runaway Scrape General Sam Houston had the task of defeating Santa Anna so that Texans could return to their homes. During.
Goliad & San Jacinto. Led the Texans at Coleto Creek Surrendered & Executed with his soldiers at Goliad James Fannin Fannin.
The Texas Revolution Continues…. The Battles of Goliad and San Jacinto.
The Road to San Jacinto Chapter 11 Section 1. Santa Anna Remains in Texas –The Texian defeats at the Alamo and in South Texas allowed Santa Anna to move.
INDEPENDENCE IS WON CHAPTER 11 SECTION 5. MAIN IDEAS 1. In the Runaway Scrape, Texans fled the Mexican army. 2. A Texan army surrendered at Goliad but.
Chapter 10.3 and Chapter 11 Test Texas Revolution: Goliad to The Battle of San Jacinto.
The Mexican Army The infantry is made up of mostly conscripts. Conscripts are people forced to become soldiers Officers are inexperienced Although most.
1836 The Tough Year Texan Military Sam Houston was named commander-in-chief of the Texas Army the Texas Navy was created to protect the coast and.
Goliad Massacre CHAPTER General Urrea Marches North While Santa Anna fought the Texans at the Alamo, General Urrea’s army took the Atascosito Road.
Chapter 10 Sections 2 and 3. General Urrea Marches North Colonel Frank Johnson and 50 Texans are defeated at San Patricio. Only 5 live. Colonel Frank.
Ch 11 Notes “Independenc e Won”. Independence at San Jacinto After the Mexican victory at San Antonio, Santa Anna believed the Texas rebellion was over.
The Road to San Jacinto Texas History Chapter 11.
Major Battles of the Texas Revolution You will need: Writing Utensil Blank battle map notes (given in class) 6 different colors (crayon, marker, highlighter,
Texas Revolution Chapter 10. The Battle of Gonzales (October 2, 1835) Started with the refusal of Texans to return a Mexican cannon. Texans put a.
INDEPENDENCE WON CHAPTER 11. The road to San Jacinto Santa Anna ordered his troops to burn every town and settlement in path Also believed that revolution.
The Battle of San Jacinto Chapter 10 Section 2 The Texas Army Sam Houston was the leader of the Texas Army – 800 soldiers He led his east in a retreat.
The Texas Revolution. Battle of Gonzales First Shots of the Revolution A Mexican officer ordered the citizens of Gonzales to hand over a brass cannon,
Chapter 11 Independence Won. Before San Jacinto: Santa Anna splits forces – Burns towns – Goes after Texas Government Sam Houston retreats east – Trains.
Cornell Notes CHAPTER 11 INDEPENDENCE WON. Santa Anna Remains in Texas Houston Builds the Texas Army Houston’s Army Retreats The fall of the Alamo and.
Goliad & The Runaway Scrape Goliad & The Runaway Scrape.
The Battles of the Texas Revolution December 1835-April 1836 Refugio, Coleto, Goliad, Runaway Scrape, San Jacinto.
Meanwhile, during the battle of the Alamo The Battle of Coleto Creek and Goliad Massacre.
The Alamo and Goliad Defeat in South Texas p
SAN JACINTO. LESSONS OF THE ALAMO AND GOLIAD Santa Anna had everything going his way. Battle of the Alamo: Delayed Santa Anna, giving the ad interim.
THE ROAD TO INDEPENDENCE THE ROAD TO SAN JACINTO.
Independence Won The Road to San Jacinto p
Remember Goliad Chapter 10 Section 2. Battles in South Texas Battle of San Patricio February 27, 1836 Mexican General Urrea defeats small group of Texans.
The Battle of Coleto Creek and Massacre at Goliad Chapter 10 Section 3.
The Convention of 1836 The Battle of Coleto Creek and Goliad Massacre The Road to San Jacinto The Battle of San Jacinto and Texas Independence.
March 2, Texas Independence Day Cavalry Group of soldiers on horseback.
T EXAS ! HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION ( ) Section 1: The War Begins Section 2: The Consultation of 1835 Section.
Chapter 11 Review What did angry Texas officers want to do to Santa Anna after the Battle of San Jacinto?
Location: Gonzales Date: Oct. 2, 1835 Mexican Leader: Colonel Ugartechea (100 men) Texan Leader: John H. Moore (160 men) Outcome: Texans won (1 Mexican.
Goliad and Runaway Scrape Station 1 *Urrea’s troops attacked Fannin and his men between Goliad and Victoria – known as the Battle of Coleto Creek on March.
Chapter 10.2 BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO. SANTA ANNA CLOSES IN After the Battle of the Alamo, Santa Anna pursued Sam Houston to East Texas. Santa Anna considered.
Soldiers who fight on foot infantry Serving temporarily ad interim.
The Texas Revolution Significant Individuals.
Survivor Can your team outwit, outplay and outlast your opponents to be the ultimate Survivor?
Heroes (and a Villain) of the Texas Revolution. General Sam Houston Leader of the Texas Army Advised Travis to abandon the Alamo Lead the Texas Army to.
A Troubled Time for Texans Chapter 7, section 4. After the Alamo -Houston arrived in Gonzales March 11th -Planned to take charge of volunteers and assist.
Chapter 11, Section 1 Notes Title: The Road to San Jacinto Title: The Road to San Jacinto Main Idea: Sam Houston ordered the Texas army to retreat, and.
How Texas became a Republic. BATTLE OF GONZALES The Battle of Gonzales was the first military engagement of the Texas RevolutionTexas Revolution Colonel.
Texas Revolution. Battle of Gonzales 1 st battle of Rev. Fought over a cannon; Flag The Texans won.
1810: Mexico gained its independence from Spain. 1821: Mexico wanted to settle Texas. Stephen F. Austin was hired to bring settlers to.
San Jacinto Victory April Before the Battle Santa Anna believed he was pushing the Texans out of his country Texans retreated north of San Felipe.
Who Am I? Read the clues. If you can figure out who it is talking about, you can use these as your notes!
Independence Won The Road to San Jacinto Chapter 11 Section 1.
Texas Revolution Chapter 10. Texas Volunteers Joined the Texas army because they had a desire for adventure and a strong belief in liberty unpaid.
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