Presentation on theme: "Defeat in South Texas p. 237 - 241 The Alamo and Goliad Defeat in South Texas p. 237 - 241."— Presentation transcript:
1Defeat in South Texas p. 237 - 241 The Alamo and GoliadDefeat in South Texasp
2Urrea Sweeps Northward to Refugio While the fighting at the Alamo raged, General Urrea advanced from Matamoras up through South Texas.Urrea battled a force of about 30 men under Captain Amon B. King at Refugio. Most of the Texans were either killed or captured.Urrea then battled 100 Texans under Colonel William Ward at Refugio and Victoria. Most of the Texans were either killed or captured.These battles were a severe blow to the Texan efforts to halt the Mexican army’s drive northward.
3Fannin Delays His Departure In February Fannin decided to help Travis at the Alamo, but a shortage of wagons caused him to return to Goliad.Fannin was ordered by Houston to retreat toward Victoria.Urrea attacked Fannin’s 300 men when they were resting to eat.Urrea surrounded the Texans. Fannin assembled his soldiers in a square and drove the Mexicans back three times.
4Fannin Delays His Departure 7 Texans were killed and 60 were wounded, including Colonel Fannin.The next morning, Urrea received reinforcements and opened fire on the Texans at daybreak.After a brief exchange of gunfire, Fannin surrendered to Urrea.The Battle of Coleto was over.
5Texans SurrenderThere has been confusion about the terms of surrender: Texans believed they were prisoners of war and would be treated fairly.The surrender agreement, in Mexican archives, contains no such promise. The document states the Texans surrendered unconditionally.Fannin and his troops were marched to Goliad, where they were imprisoned in the old presidio.
6Santa Anna’s “Cruel Necessity” General Urrea wrote to President Santa Anna, requesting that the lives of the prisoners be spared.Santa Anna ordered the immediate execution of the Texans because he feared that if he let them go, they would join others in the rebellion.All the soldiers were marched out into a prairie and shot. Colonel Fannin was the last to be shot.General Urrea and many Mexican soldiers regretted Santa Anna’s decision.
7The Lessons of the Alamo and Goliad Texans may never have won their independence without the Battle of the Alamo.The battle cost Santa Anna the lives of considerable number of professional solders.News of the battle also inspired U.S. citizens to aid the Texans in their fight for freedom.Santa Anna had hoped that the fall of the Alamo would convince the Texans to give up, but it had the opposite effect.News of the executions at Goliad angered Texans. “Remember Goliad” now joined “Remember the Alamo” as the rallying cries of the Texas soldiers.