2First Shots of the Revolution Battle of GonzalesFirst Shots of the RevolutionA Mexican officer ordered the citizens of Gonzales to hand over a brass cannon, but they refused.The settlers buried the cannon and called for reinforcements that reached 140 men.The settlers dug up their cannon, mounted it on a wagon, and placed a flag on it that read: “Come and Take It”On October 2, 1835 the citizens of Gonzales attacked a force of 100 Mexican soldiers and forced them to leave for San Antonio.
3Time to access ourselves What does the flag at the battle of Gonzales say?Ready to fightDon’t mess with TexasCome and take itViva de MexicoWhy do you think the Texans put the above slogan on the cannon?
4Time to assess ourselves Gonzales volunteers voted this person as their general.Edward Burleson“Deaf” SmithStephen F. AustinJim Bowie
5Texas Military Sam Houston was named commander-in-chief of the TX Army The General Counsel created theTX Navy to protect thecoast and to attack MX ships.
6SANTA ANNA Meanwhile: President Santa Anna and 6,000 Mexican soldiers marched northtowards TX, bent on revengeHe thought that he couldmake the Texans obey theMexican government.To be continued…..
7William B. Travis was put in command of the Alamo in February 1836 Jim Bowie argued with Travis overcontrol of the troops, but finallyagreed to share command with himDavy Crockett arrived later with his men
8Assessment time Who was named commander-in -chief of the Texas Army? Stephen F. AustinJames FanninSam HoustonBen MilamIf Bowie had decided to destroy the Alamo as ordered, how would the TexasRevolution been different?
9Santa Anna ordered the surrender of the Alamo and the defenders, but the Texans replied with a canon shot fired back at him.In response, Santa Anna raised a red flag that told the Texans that he would take no prisoners and leave no survivors.
10On February 24, 1836 Santa Anna ordered his forces to begin firing on the Alamo.That day William Traviswrote a famous letter“To the People of Texasand All Americans” toplea for help.Jim Bowie had been ill, and collapsed on thesecond day of Santa Anna’s siege. Travis thentook over full command of the Alamo.
11On March 6, 1836, Santa Anna launched his assault on the Alamo after 13 days of siege.Texas artillery held the advancing Mexicans offbriefly, but they regrouped and eventuallyoverwhelmed the Alamo defenders and pouredinto the mission by the hundreds
12After a few hours, all the 182 defenders and 600 Mexicans were dead.Santa Anna onlyspared the women,children, and a slavenamedJoe.Santa Anna felt that the defeat of the Alamowould end the Texas Revolution, but it onlyconvinced the Texans to fight harder.
13Assessment TimeWhy did Santa Anna order his troops to take no prisoners?A. He wanted to make a pointB. He thought the massacre would end the Texas RevolutionC. He already gave the Texans a chance to surrenderD. All of the aboveDid the massacre at the Alamo scare any of the Texans away from fighting?What do you think the massacre did for the Texans morale?
14Today Texans celebrate Texas Independence Day March 2, 1836
15While General Urrea fought with Fannin’s troops stationed Goliad MassacreGeneral Urrea was moving up the coastline and defeated many Texan troopson his march to Refugioand Goliad.While General Urrea foughtwith Fannin’s troops stationedin Refugio, Fannin receivedorders from Sam Houston to retreat to Victoria.Fannin
16Fannin decided to wait for his troops in Refugio to return before obeying Houston, but those soldiers had been either killed or captured by General UrreaFannin and Urrea finally met at the battle of Coleto, where Fannin was wounded.
17The morning after the battle started, General Urrea receivedseveral hundred more soldiers,and Fannin decided tosurrender.
18The Texan prisoners were marched back to Goliad where they stayed for a week.
19General Urrea wanted to keep them as prisoners of war, but Santa Anna ordered him to executethem all.Grave of Fannin and his men
20Battle of San JacintoAfter gathering supplies andtraining his troops during theRunaway Scrape, Houstonmarched his troops downBuffalo Bayou towardsSanta Anna’s camp.Houston found that Santa Anna camped out in the open in a vulnerable spot, and camped his men in a spot that was partially hidden in a grove of trees
21Before the battle, Houston sent Deaf Smith on a special mission to destroy the bridge atVince's Bayou.This effectively destroyed the retreat route forboth the Mexican army as well as his Texans .
22On April 21, 1836 Houston ordered his army to attack the exhausted Mexican soldiers as they took their afternoon siestas.words
23Taken by surprise, 630 Mexican soldiers were killed and 730 captured in 18 minutes of fighting
24The next day, Santa Anna was captured while hiding in the nearby marshes.Texas Independence was secured.