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The Road to San Jacinto Texas History Chapter 11.

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Presentation on theme: "The Road to San Jacinto Texas History Chapter 11."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Road to San Jacinto Texas History Chapter 11

2 Santa Anna in Texas After the fall of the Alamo, Santa Anna and his troops marched farther into Texas Santa Anna ordered his troops to burn every town in their path

3 Texas Rebellion Crushed? Santa Anna wanted David Burnet, president of the Republic of Texas, arrested Santa Anna named Vicente Filisola commander of the Mexican army.

4 Houston’s Army Commander-in-chief of the Texas Army He retreated from Santa Anna to wait for more volunteers and to train his troops in basics of warfare

5 Houston’s Army Wanted Fannin to join with his forces Sent scouts to find out what happened to Fannin and his troops “Remember Goliad!”

6 Houston's Retreat Texas Army retreated toward the Colorado River Tejano Juan Seguin commanded the rear guard Seguin destroyed any provisions that could not be carried.

7 Groce’s Plantation Houston retreated to the Brazos River and drilled his troops on basics of warfare, drilling and marching Cavalry: soldiers on horseback Infantry: foot soldiers Flank: side of a formation

8 Twin Sisters People of Cincinnati, Ohio gave Houston a gift of two cannons Cannons were nicknamed, the Twin Sisters

9 Houston’s Army President David Burnet wrote a letter asking Houston to attack Santa Anna and his forces Houston believed his forces were still not strong enough to fight the Mexican army

10 Scouts and Spies Deaf Smith was an army scout and father-in-law to Hendrick Arnold. Hendrick Arnold was a free African American who posed as a runaway slave to spy on Mexican troops

11 Runaway Scrape After learning of losses at the Alamo and Goliad, families fled toward the Sabine River and Louisiana Heavy spring rains, lack of food and sickness made the journey miserable.

12 Eve of Battle Texas troops camped near San Jacinto River Mexican troops camped near marshland and swamps and complained of the poor location

13 Eve of Battle Small skirmish between Texas cavalry and Mexican army Mirabeau Lamar distinguished himself in fight; put in command of the entire Texas cavalry

14 Seguin and Tejanos Juan Seguin commanded company of Tejanos, native Texans Houston was concerned Tejanos in Texan troops would be shot by mistake Cardboard hatbands

15 Battle of San Jacinto “Deaf” Smith destroyed bridge over Vince’s Bayou to prevent Mexican escape Santa Anna believed the Texans would only fight in defense, so was surprised when Texans attacked

16 Battle of San Jacinto “Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!” Texas cavalry prevented Mexican soldiers from escaping

17 Battle of San Jacinto Santa Anna was found hiding in tall grass Angry Texans wanted Santa Anna to be executed; Houston saved him Battle won independence for Texas

18 Secret Treaty Santa Anna was guaranteed safety After briefly jailed by officers, he was escorted back to Mexico Santa Anna promised to work for Mexican recognition of Texas and to set boundary at the Rio Grande

19 Republic of Texas President Burnet and Vice President Lorenzo de Zavala faced challenges Texas capital moved to Velasco; Treaties of Velasco

20 Texas Navy Important to the war because it cut off supplies to the Mexican army

21 Review David Burnet: President of revolutionary Texas Lorenzo de Zavala: Vice President

22 Review Erasmus “Deaf” Smith: army scout, destroyed bridge across bayou Mirabeau B. Lamar: put in command of Texas cavalry after skirmish

23 Review Sam Houston: commander of Texas army Drilled and marched his troops at Groce’s Plantation to prepare for war Prevented angry Texans from executing Santa Anna at San Jacinto

24 Review Juan Seguin: Tejano commander; rear guard commander during retreat and destroyed provisions to keep from falling into Mexican hands Texas Navy: cut off supplies to Mexican army

25 Review Santa Anna was not expecting Texan attack at San Jacinto Battle of San Jacinto was important: gave TX independence from Mexico

26 Review Santa Anna found hiding in tall grass Angry Texans wanted him executed Secret Treaty pledged to escort him back to Mexico

27 Review Twin Sisters were gift from people of Cincinnati, Ohio Cavalry: soldiers who fight on horseback

28 Review Hendrick Arnold: African American scout who spied on Santa Anna by posing as a runaway slave, gave information on location of Mexican troops to Houston General Vicente Filisola: commander of the Mexican armies

29 Review Santa Anna ordered his troops to burn every Texas town and settlement Runaway Scrape made more difficult by heavy spring rains, lack of food, and sickness

30 Review “Remember the Alamo!” “Remember Goliad!” were the battle cries Capital of Texas moved to Velasco

31 Good Luck on your test! Texas History, Chapter 11

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